South Korea Exports Fall for Second Month on Europe, Won

South Korea’s exports fell for a second month as Europe’s debt crisis and gains in the won damped demand.

Overseas shipments fell 6.2 percent in August from a year earlier, after an 8.8 percent decline in July, the Ministry of Knowledge Economy said in a statement today. The median estimate in a Bloomberg News survey of 15 economists was for a 6.8 percent decline.

Europe’s debt crisis, a U.S. jobless rate stuck above 8 percent and a slowdown in China are damping demand for Asian exports. The Bank of Korea may lower its 2012 economic growth forecast in October and the government will probably unveil more stimulus measures to help counter weaker overseas sales, according to Nomura Holdings Inc.

“We expect Korea’s exports to remain subdued in the third quarter as the won has been appreciating while external demand, especially from Europe and emerging economies, remains weak,” Kwon Young Sun, a Hong Kong-based economist at Nomura, said before the release. “The near-term growth outlook doesn’t look good.”

He estimates the central bank will lower its forecast for 2012 economic expansion to 2.7 percent from 3 percent and says there is an increasing risk of an interest-rate cut in September.

The won gained about 4 percent over the past three months, the best performer among the 11 most-used Asian currencies. It fell 0.05 percent to 1,134.63 per dollar in Seoul yesterday, according to data compiled by Bloomberg.

Slower Growth

Imports dropped 9.8 percent from a year earlier in August, the ministry said today. That compared with the 7.6 percent projected decline in a Bloomberg survey. The trade surplus was $2.04 billion after a $2.76 billion excess in July.

Asia’s fourth-largest economy expanded 2.4 percent in the second quarter from a year earlier, the slowest pace in almost three years, according to a preliminary estimate by the central bank on July 26. Exports account for about half of the economy.

Industrial output fell 1.6 percent in July from the previous month, Statistics Korea said yesterday, the second monthly drop.

Posco, Asia’s third-biggest steelmaker by output, is among South Korean companies facing weakness in demand.

The second half “will be worse than expected early this year because of weak demand from construction and shipbuilders,” Chief Financial Officer Park Ki Hong told investors in Seoul in July.

Moody’s Investors Service this week raised South Korea’s sovereign debt rating to a par with Japan and China, citing the nation’s fiscal and economic strength.

“Korea’s strong fiscal fundamentals enable a relatively large degree of policy space to cope with contingent domestic risks and external shocks,” Moody’s said on Aug. 27. The company elevated South Korea one step to Aa3, the fourth-highest ranking.

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