Indian consumer prices increased at the slowest pace in four months in July as the climb in energy costs moderated.
The consumer-price index rose 9.86 percent from a year earlier, compared with a revised 9.93 percent in June, the Central Statistical Office said in New Delhi today.
The Reserve Bank of India left interest rates unchanged last month to tackle inflation risks such as energy tariffs, a drop in the rupee and the impact of a weak monsoon on crops. The monetary authority faces a policy dilemma since economic growth is the weakest in nearly a decade even as price pressures remain a challenge, according to Morgan Stanley.
“Even if inflation moderates, it is near 10 percent and that is high from the Reserve Bank’s perspective,” Sujan Hajra, chief economist at Anand Rathi Financial Services Ltd. in Mumbai, said before the report. The central bank is unlikely to reduce interest rates again this year, he said.
The rupee, which has tumbled about 18 percent against the dollar in the past 12 months, strengthened 0.3 percent to 55.595 per dollar at 11:02 a.m. in Mumbai. The BSE India Sensitive Index rose 0.4 percent, while the yield on the 8.15 percent government bond due June 2022 declined to 8.23 percent from 8.24 percent on Aug. 17.
Prices in the fuel and light category climbed 7.36 percent last month from a year earlier, today’s statement showed, compared with a previously reported 10.34 percent in June. Food and beverage costs rose 11.53 percent, while clothing, bedding and footwear advanced 11.02 percent.
Indian consumer inflation is the fastest in the Group of 20 major economies after Argentina, according to data compiled by Bloomberg. Wholesale inflation eased to a 32-month low of 6.87 percent in July while remaining the highest among the largest emerging nations, a report showed last week.
Reserve Bank of India Governor Duvvuri Subbarao has said the pace of price gains is above a “threshold” level that may be about 5 percent. Deputy Governor Subir Gokarn said two days ago that inflation is currently the “dominant” threat.
The Reserve Bank left borrowing costs at 8 percent on July 31 for a second meeting, breaking with a wave of cuts from China to Brazil. Economic expansion weakened to a nine-year low of 5.3 percent in the first quarter from a year earlier.
The consumer-price gauge was created last year and the government started giving year-on-year data beginning in 2012. Subbarao has said that while it is too new to be used as the only headline measure of inflation, it can’t be ignored and arguably “reflects the most updated economic structure.”