The southeast of Europe remained hot at the end of July, with maximum temperatures in the Balkans and countries on the Black Sea at least 5 degrees Celsius (9 degrees Fahrenheit) above normal, U.S. satellite data showed.
Temperatures climbed above 35 degrees in southern France, Spain, parts of Italy and in Romania, Bulgaria and the Balkan countries in the July 21 to July 31 period, U.S. Department of Agriculture data showed.
Rainfall across most of southern Europe was below the seasonal normal, according to the data. Northern France got between 25 percent and 50 percent more rain than usual, while southern England had as much as double the usual precipitation.
Soil moisture is below 30 percent across southern Europe, falling below 10 percent in most of Spain, central and southern Italy, Greece, Hungary and central Bulgaria, the data showed.
Moisture levels in all the main grain-growing regions of Hungary, Romania and mainland Italy have dropped below the year-earlier level, according to the USDA.
Cumulative rainfall in France’s biggest wheat-growing regions of Centre and Picardie is near the long-term average, according to the USDA data. Across south and central England, rainfall has been more than usual, the data show.