Banco Santander SA, Spain’s biggest bank, said second-quarter profit dropped 93 percent on costs for purging bad loans.
Net income fell to 100 million euros ($122 million) from 1.39 billion euros a year ago, the Santander, Spain-based lender said today. While earnings missed analysts’ estimates, the shares rose 11 percent in Madrid trading, the most in two years, as a pledge by European Central Bank President Mario Draghi to defend the euro sparked a surge in banking stocks.
Santander is among lenders under orders to speed up recognition of loan losses as the government makes cleaning up bank balance sheets a centerpiece of efforts to restore confidence in Spain’s creditworthiness. The bank set aside 2.78 billion euros to clean up souring property assets in the quarter. A jump in doubtful loans in Brazil after the puncturing of a record credit boom is also hurting profit at a unit that contributes the biggest share of Santander’s earnings.
“The real estate cleanup in Spain is positive because it’s something they have to do and the sooner they get it done the better,” said Juan Pablo Lopez, an analyst at Espirito Santo Investment Bank in Madrid, in a phone interview. “Impairments in Brazil and lower revenue in the U.K. are a concern, as is the overall deteriorating asset quality.”
Santander reported earnings after doubts about the health of lenders and public finances drove up Spain’s borrowing costs and punished the shares of the country’s banks. Spanish bonds rallied today along with banking shares after Draghi’s comments in London.
Santander’s stock rebound, the biggest advance since May 10, trimmed this year’s decline to 17 percent, valuing the lender at 43.9 billion euros. Draghi’s comments were “very positive” and there’s no chance the euro will break up, Chief Executive Officer Alfredo Saenz said at a news conference at the bank’s headquarters outside Madrid today.
Santander will probably follow a “line of moderation” on pay for board members and executives as some companies have done, Saenz said on a webcast for analysts today. Telefonica SA yesterday said top managers would make a 30 percent cut to total compensation after the phone company’s board halt dividends.
Bad loans as a proportion of total lending at Santander’s group level rose to 4.11 percent from 3.98 percent in March and 3.78 percent a year ago, the bank said.
The bank booked 5.45 billion euros of loans newly classed as in default, compared with 3.64 billion euros in the first quarter. After taking the additional charges in the second quarter, the bank has now covered 70 percent of the real estate provisioning it’s required to make under the terms of the government’s real estate clean-up order, Santander said.
Provisioning for bad loans hit earnings at Santander’s Spanish units. Santander’s Spanish consumer branch network posted a 23 percent drop in second-quarter profit to 173 million euros as its bad-loan ratio jumped to 9.16 percent from 8.9 percent in the first quarter, the lender said.
Profit from Banco Espanol de Credito SA, a Spanish retail bank owned by Santander, fell 39 percent to 41 million euros. The bad-loans ratio across the Spanish business rose to 5.98 percent from 5.75 percent in March. The measure for Spanish bad loans will probably rise to 6.7 percent by year-end, said Saenz.
Lending at the Spanish branch network fell 4.8 percent from a year ago and rose 1.7 percent from the first quarter, Santander said. Deposits climbed 5.4 percent from the first quarter at the unit, even as they fell 7.2 percent from March at Banesto.
Earnings from Brazil dropped 22 percent to 504 million euros in the second quarter as loan provisioning jumped 38 percent to 1.74 billion euros.
The bad-loan ratio in Brazil reached 6.51 percent, up from 5.76 percent in March. Santander expects bad loans to stabilize in Brazil in the second half of the year, Saenz said,
The bank earned 260 million euros in the second quarter from its U.K. business, run by Ana Patricia Botin, the daughter of Santander Chairman Emilio Botin. The unit posted a 124 million-euro quarterly loss in the year-earlier period as it set aside 620 million euros to cover future U.K. loan-protection claims.
Second-quarter net interest income in the U.K. fell 18 percent from a year earlier to 877 million euros. Net interest income in the U.K. will probably keep falling in the third quarter before stabilize in the final three months of the year.