The Standard & Poor’s GSCI gauge of 24 commodities jumped 5.4 percent to 598.39 at 3:30 p.m. New York time as oil rose the most in three years after European leaders reached an agreement to ease repayment rules for Spanish banks and relax conditions on help for Italy.
The UBS Bloomberg CMCI index of 26 raw materials rose 4.1 percent to 1,486.717.
Oil gained the most in more than three years on the European agreement.
Futures rose 9.4 percent, trimming the biggest quarterly decline since the final three months of 2008, as leaders of the 17 euro countries dropped requirements that taxpayers get preferred creditor status on aid to Spain’s banks. Prices also increased because a European Union ban on the purchase, transport, financing and insurance of Iran’s oil starts in July.
Oil for August delivery climbed $7.27 to $84.96 a barrel on the New York Mercantile Exchange, the biggest one-day rally since March 12, 2009.
Brent oil for August settlement rose $6.44, or 7 percent,
Gasoline surged the most since October on the European agreement, alleviating concern that the region’s debt crisis will spread and curb fuel demand. The dollar fell the most against the euro since October, increasing the investment appeal of commodities.
Gasoline and heating oil contracts for July delivery expired at the close of Nymex floor trading today.
July-delivery gasoline rose 11.3 cents, or 4.3 percent, to $2.7272 a gallon, the highest settlement since May 29. The August contract advanced 15.45 cents, or 6.2 percent, to $2.6318 a gallon.
Heating oil for July delivery rose 14.41 cents, or 5.7 percent, to $2.696 a gallon, the biggest gain since July 30, 2009. Prices sank 0.4 percent this month and 15 percent during the quarter. Futures are down 8.1 percent this year.
Natural gas futures rose to the highest level since January, capping a third consecutive monthly gain, on forecasts of above-normal temperatures that signal increased demand for the power-plant fuel.
Gas gained 3.8 percent as MDA EarthSat Weather in Gaithersburg, Maryland, predicted hotter-than-normal weather across most of the eastern and central U.S. through July 8. U.S. cooling demand may be 13 percent above normal through July 9, according to Weather Derivatives in Belton, Missouri.
Natural gas for August delivery rose 10.2 cents to $2.824
Copper posted the biggest gain in almost seven months on speculation the European agreement will help contain the region’s debt crisis, easing concern that economic growth and metals demand will ebb, and as the dollar fell against the euro.
Copper futures for September delivery climbed 5 percent to settle at $3.4965 a pound on the Comex in New York. The increase was the biggest since Nov. 30.
Platinum jumped the most in more than three years as commodities rallied after European leaders took steps that eased credit concerns in Spain and Italy and the euro climbed the most this year against the dollar.
Platinum futures for October delivery climbed 4.5 percent to settle at $1,452.40 an ounce on the Nymex, the biggest gain for a most-active contract since March 19, 2009.
Gold futures for August delivery climbed 3.5 percent to settle at $1,604.20 on the Comex in New York, the biggest gain since June 1.
Coffee rose, capping the biggest weekly gain in 10 months, as commodities rallied on Europe’s plans to bolster its economy and stem the debt crisis. Sugar, cocoa, cotton and orange juice climbed.
Arabica-coffee futures for September delivery jumped 4.7 percent to settle at $1.707 a pound on ICE Futures U.S.
Raw-sugar futures for October delivery climbed 2.3 percent to 21.01 cents a pound. Cocoa futures for September delivery increased 2.7 percent to $2,291 a metric ton.
Cotton futures for December delivery climbed 2.6 percent to 71.33 cents a pound. Orange-juice futures for September delivery
Cattle futures rose to the highest level in more than two weeks on speculation that a jump in U.S. feed costs will discourage herd expansion. Hogs also gained.
Corn, the main ingredient in livestock feed, surged 23 percent in the two weeks through yesterday as hot, dry weather threatened to cut U.S. yields. As of June 23, U.S. meatpackers processed 4.7 percent fewer cattle than a year earlier, Department of Agriculture data show. The U.S. cattle herd on Jan. 1 was 90.77 million head, the lowest level since 1952.
Cattle futures for August delivery rose 0.9 percent to close at $1.2045 a pound in Chicago.
Feeder-cattle futures for August settlement climbed 0.7 percent to $1.5145 a pound, capping the biggest three-day gain since May 7.
Corn prices rose, capping the biggest weekly rally since 2008, after inventories tumbled the most in 16 years, and hot, dry weather eroded prospects for crops in the U.S., the world’s biggest producer and exporter.
Stockpiles as of June 1 tumbled 48 percent to 3.149 billion bushels (80 million metric tons) from March 1, the biggest drop for the three-month period since 1996, data from the U.S. Department of Agriculture showed today. About 71 percent of the region from Nebraska to Ohio faced unusually dry conditions to extreme drought, according to the government.
Corn futures for December delivery rose 0.4 percent to close at $6.3475 a bushel on the Chicago Board of Trade. This week, the price jumped 15 percent, the most since December 2008.
Soybean futures for November delivery jumped 1.7 percent to $14.2775 a bushel, the first gain in three sessions.