Gold erased its gains for this year as concern that Europe’s debt crisis is deepening strengthened the dollar and cut gold’s appeal as an alternative asset. Other precious metals also declined.
The dollar climbed to a three-month high versus the euro as a leadership vacuum in Greece prompted European officials to weigh prospects for the currency union’s first-ever departure of a member state.
“Worries about Europe are pushing people to the dollar,” Frank McGhee, the head dealer at Integrated Brokerage Services LLC in Chicago, said in a telephone interview. “Gold will continue to grind down.”
Gold futures for June delivery declined 1.5 percent to settle at $1,561 an ounce at 1:40 p.m. on the Comex in New York. Earlier, prices touched $1,555, the lowest since Dec. 30. The metal ended 2011 up 10 percent at $1,566.80.
Prices may slump to $1,520 within the next few trading sessions, McGhee said.
Bullion for immediate delivery dropped as much as 1.4 percent to $1,556.52. It ended 2011 at $1,563.70.
The metal rose as much as 14 percent in New York this year after it advanced for 11 consecutive years. While prices dropped from the record $1,923.70 set in September, central banks are expanding reserves of the metal and holdings in exchange-traded products at 2,383.4 metric tons are about 1.1 percent below the March 13 all-time high, data compiled by Bloomberg show.
Before today, the Standard & Poor’s GSCI gauge of 24 commodities retreated 0.4 percent this year, and the MSCI All-Country World Index of equities climbed 5.2 percent. Treasuries returned 0.7 percent, a Bank of America Corp. index shows. The dollar was 0.1 percent stronger versus six major currencies this year through May 11.
Greek President Karolos Papoulias prepared for another day of discussions with political party leaders on forming a national unity government. Greece may face a further election unless leaders can agree on a new coalition. The standoff has reignited concern that the country will renege on pledges to cut spending under the two bailouts negotiated since May 2010, and, ultimately, leave the euro area.
“The predominant fear is that the Greek issue will morph into something bigger and we may see troubles erupting in countries like Italy,” Bart Melek, the head of commodity strategy at TD Securities Inc. in Toronto, said in a telephone interview.
Gold had rallied amid record-low interest rates from Europe to the U.S. Bullion generally earns investors returns only through price gains. Fed policy makers said on April 25 they expect growth to gradually accelerate, while refraining from new actions to lower borrowing costs. The central bank has pledged rates at “exceptionally low levels” at least through late 2014.
Gold has been trading below its 200-day moving average since the end of March, a sign to some who study charts of trading patterns to predict trends that the rout has further to go. Hedge funds and money managers held a net-long position of 92,498 futures and options in the week ended May 8, Commodity Futures Trading Commission data show. The bet on higher prices is at the lowest level since December 2008.
ETP investors are more bullish. While the pace of inflows has slowed each year since 2009, they’re holding more of the metal than all but four central banks. The banks added 439.7 tons last year, the most in almost five decades, and may buy a similar amount in 2012, according to the London-based World Gold Council.
“Absolutely nothing has changed regarding gold’s long-term outlook,” said Mark O’Byrne, the executive director of Dublin-based GoldCore Ltd., a brokerage that sells and stores everything from quarter-ounce British Sovereigns to 400-ounce bars. “The notion that Europe is fixed is simply nonsense. You need to see a sustained period of rising interest rates before it’s bearish for gold and that’s a long way off.”
Silver futures for July delivery tumbled 1.9 percent to $28.353 an ounce on the Comex.
On the New York Mercantile Exchange, palladium futures for June delivery fell 1.4 percent to $594.85 an ounce, extending this year’s loss to 9.3 percent. Platinum futures for July delivery dropped 2 percent to $1,442.60 an ounce, after touching $1,442.10, the lowest since Jan. 10.