Following is a list of the seven Greek political parties that secured seats in Greece’s Parliament in the May 6 national elections. Of 9.94 million registered voters, 65 percent cast ballots and 19 percent voted for parties that didn’t reach the 3 percent threshold required to gain entry to the 300-member chamber, according to the Interior Ministry’s website today.
Led by Antonis Samaras, 60, New Democracy got 18.9 percent of the vote and won 108 seats in the 300-seat parliament, failing to reach 151 seats needed for a majority. Samaras was given a three-day mandate to form a coalition government. New Democracy voted against the first European Union and International Monetary Fund bailout for Greece before supporting an interim government and voting for the second bailout this year. Samaras has pledged to lower taxes and renegotiate parts of the accords with the proposal of 18.5 billion euros ($24.1 billion) of alternative cuts. Founded in 1974, New Democracy won elections in 1974, 1977, 1990, 2004 and 2007 and received 33.5 percent of the vote in Greece’s last elections in October 2009.
Led by Alexis Tsipras, 37, the anti-bailout Syriza party came second with 16.8 percent of the vote, winning 52 parliamentary seats in its best result since it was founded in 2004. Syriza called for increasing taxes for higher earners, delaying and cutting repayment of the country’s debt and trimming defense spending. Tsipras, before yesterday’s elections, had proposed joining forces with KKE and the Democratic Left -- a move both other parties have rejected -- to form a coalition after the election. The party had garnered 4.6 percent of the vote in Greece’s last elections. The results put Tsipras, who yesterday repeated his call to cancel the bailout accords, in a position to try and form a government should New Democracy fail to put a coalition together in the first round of talks.
Led by Evangelos Venizelos, 55, Pasok received 13.2 percent of the vote, the lowest percentage since the party was founded, giving it 41 seats in Parliament. The pro-bailout party was the ruling party when the first 110 billion-euro bailout was granted in May 2010. Founded in 1974 by Andreas Papandreou, Pasok governed in Greece from 1981 to 1989, from 1993 to 2004, and won the country’s last national elections in 2009 with 43.9 percent of the vote. Venizelos, who became party leader after resigning as finance minister in March, said the Greek people didn’t provide a clear mandate yesterday and called for the creation of a national unity government with all pro-European parties.
Led by Panos Kammenos, 46, Independent Greeks got 10.6 percent of the vote, winning 33 seats in the Parliament. The anti-bailout party created in February 2012 has called for Greece to renounce its debt and abolish the bailout agreement, staying within the euro at the same time. Kammenos, a former New Democracy lawmaker, has said he is willing to cooperate with other parties to form a coalition government. He rejected an invitation to meet with New Democracy’s Samaras today.
Led by Aleka Papariga, 66, KKE got 8.5 percent of the vote gaining 26 seats in the Greek Parliament. KKE is the oldest political party in Greece, founded in 1918, and is opposed to the austerity measures and bailout terms. It has advocated an exit by Greece from the euro area, the EU and other international institutions. Papariga, whose party got 7.5 percent of the vote in the 2009 elections, has said she won’t cooperate with any other party to form a coalition government.
Founded and led by Nikolaos Michaloliakos, born in 1957, Golden Dawn got 7 percent of the vote, winning 21 seats in the Parliament. The anti-bailout and nationalist party created in 1993, has called for the expulsion of all illegal immigrants and for borders to be protected by land mines. The party, which received 0.29 percent of votes in the 2009 elections, won enough votes to enter parliament for the first time. Golden Dawn’s proposals include the evaluation and partial non-payment of all public debts since 1974, the nationalization of banks, the halting of all state funding to political parties and the immediate start of drilling for oil and natural gas.
Led by Fotis Kouvelis, 63, Democratic Left got 6.1 of the vote gaining 19 parliamentary seats. It is a pro-Europe party that opposes the bailout measures in their current form. The party, founded in 2010, calls for large cuts in spending on defense, pharmaceuticals and public administration as well as higher taxes on businesses and banks to replace savings from wage or pension cuts. It has said Greece needs to be given more time to balance its budget.