China will probably see little slowdown in growth this year even as its government needs to overhaul its economy to manage expansion over the next two decades, World Bank President Robert Zoellick said.
The economy will probably have a “soft landing” in the near term, Zoellick said yesterday in Beijing, introducing “China 2030,” a report by the lender and Chinese state researchers. The nation needs to redefine the government’s role, alter the structure of state enterprises and gradually allow market-set interest rates, according to the executive summary.
Policy makers inside and outside China are grappling with how the engine of growth for the world economy will weather Europe’s debt crisis in the short term and avoid a sharper slowdown over the longer term. Some recommendations yesterday echo previous reports; the World Bank in June 2010 urged more use of interest rates to manage the economy.
“As China’s leaders know, the country’s current economic-growth model is not sustainable,” Zoellick said in a speech yesterday. He told reporters later that “in the near term, I personally believe that China is likely to have a soft landing.”
The World Bank said in November that China is heading for a small slowdown of growth in excess of 8 percent in 2012 and has fiscal scope to cushion its economy from an escalation in Europe’s debt crisis. Gross domestic product expanded 9.2 percent last year.
China needs to rely more on markets and the private sector, alter its “hukou,” or residency-permit, system and provide basic social protection to all its citizens, Zoellick said yesterday. The report was co-authored by the banks and the Development Research Center of China’s State Council.
The MSCI Asia Pacific Index of stocks fell 0.8 percent at 5:33 p.m. in Tokyo yesterday. The Shanghai Composite Index rose 0.3 percent to a three-month high.
Zoellick said yesterday’s report is meant to give direction and recognizes that ideas need further debate before details can be implemented. The full 468-page report, released later in the day, elaborated on the recommendations and forecasts. The government may need to shift its emphasis toward private-sector development and “could securitize its implicit equity in state enterprises as soon as possible,” the report said.
The report was conceived to help China avoid the so-called middle-income trap that often stalls the productivity and income growth of countries when their per capita incomes reach $3,000 to $6,000, Zoellick said in September.
Also at yesterday’s event, Chinese Finance Minister Xie Xuren said the government will continue to deepen changes and accelerate economic restructuring. It will also focus more on employment, he said.
The government needs to commercialize the banking system and deepen capital markets, according to a summary of the report released by the World Bank. China’s growing weight in world trade, the size of its economy and its role as the world’s largest creditor will make the internationalization of the yuan “inevitable,” according to a press release issued separately.
“Support for reforms will be stronger if the plans are based on full participation throughout all levels of society,” the press release said. “The biggest risk is that vested interests will try to thwart reforms.”
The report urges China to “strengthen the fiscal system” and ensure that “local governments have adequate financing to meet heavy and rising expenditure responsibilities,” according to the summary. Local governments had 10.7 trillion yuan ($1.7 trillion) in debt at the end of 2010, 79 percent due to banks, according to the country’s first audit released in June.
— With assistance by Lifei Zheng