Coal prices are forecast to decline this half as supply recovers from flooding in Australia, the biggest exporter, and demand in China and Japan slows, Morgan Stanley said.
“We’ve seen a normalization of supply both in the thermal and coking coal markets out of Australia,” Peter Richardson, Morgan Stanley’s chief metals strategist, said today at a panel discussion in Brisbane. “Our view is that the two markets will struggle in the first half of the year.”
Coal prices hit records last year after widespread flooding in Queensland and New South Wales crimped output at mines and disrupted train lines. Prices have dropped as supply returned to normal and demand in Japan was slow to recover following last year’s tsunami and earthquake, Richardson said. Demand growth in China has slowed as steelmakers have been unable to pass on increased production costs, he said.
Morgan Stanley forecasts coking coal, used to make steel, to trade at an average spot price of $210 to $235 a metric ton during 2012, and thermal coal in a range of $110 to $120 a ton.
Coking coal prices reached a record $330 a ton last year. Thermal coal prices at the Australian port of Newcastle slipped 12 percent to $111.35 in 2011, the biggest annual drop since 2005 and the first since 2011, IHS McCloskey data show.
The outlook for the coal market may have become “slightly pessimistic” in the short term, said Bill Champion, Rio Tinto Group’s managing director for its Australian coal unit.
“In the long-term, the China and India demand growth story remains intact,” he said.