Arizona Governor Jan Brewer will allow medical marijuana dispensaries to open following the dismissal of her federal lawsuit over the 2010 state law authorizing their creation.
Brewer said today she wouldn’t continue to pursue the court case, which sought assurance that the state could carry out the voter-approved law without subjecting state workers to federal charges. U.S. District Judge Susan Bolton dismissed the case on Jan. 5, saying there was no threat of “imminent prosecution.” Bolton gave the governor 30 days to amend and refile.
The governor will direct the state’s health department to begin accepting and processing applications from those seeking to run marijuana dispensaries once a separate legal challenge over state rules is resolved, she said in an e-mailed statement. The venues are capped at 125 statewide under the law.
“It is well-known that I did not support passage of Proposition 203, and I remain concerned about potential abuses of the law,” Brewer, a 67-year-old Republican, said in the statement. “But the state’s legal challenge was based on my legitimate concern that state employees may find themselves at risk of federal prosecution for their role in administering dispensary licenses under this law.”
Brewer said she will still seek assurance from federal prosecutors that state employees won’t be charged under U.S. laws, which ban marijuana even for medical purposes.
“I won’t hesitate to halt state involvement in the AMMA if I receive indication that state employees face prosecution due to their duties in administering this law,” she said, referring to the Arizona Medical Marijuana Act.
Arizona and 15 other states have legalized the use of marijuana for medical purposes. Approved in November 2010 by a margin of fewer than 5,000 votes, the Arizona measure created a system of non-profit dispensaries to be regulated by the state health department. Patients are barred from growing their own marijuana if they live within 25 miles of a dispensary.
Brewer filed her lawsuit five days before the state was set to begin accepting applications from would-be dispensary operators in May. The move opened the door for patients and caregivers to grow their own marijuana. Since then, the state has approved 18,000 medical marijuana patients, of which 15,000 are allowed to grow their own pot, according to the Health Services Department website.
A pending lawsuit in state court filed by attorneys for Compassion First, a group formed to assist those seeking to open dispensaries, has challenged the health department’s rules that restrict who can run a marijuana facility, according to Ty Taber, an attorney in Phoenix at Aiken Schenk.
Those rules include state residency requirements, a prohibition against those with prior bankruptcies and other limits not included in the law voters approved, Taber said.
Taber said he would discuss Brewer’s announcement with his clients to evaluate whether to continue to pursue the case if it will delay the opening of dispensaries.