Home Prices in 20 U.S. Cities Decrease More Than Forecast

U.S. Housing Outlook
A residential housing development in northwest Atlanta. Photographer: Chris Rank/Bloomberg

Residential real estate prices dropped more than forecast in the year ended September, showing the industry at the center of the 2008 financial crisis continues to struggle.

The S&P/Case-Shiller index of property values in 20 cities dropped 3.6 percent in September from the same month in 2010 after decreasing 3.8 percent in the year ended August, the group said today in New York. The median forecast of 32 economists in a Bloomberg News survey projected a 3 percent decrease.

Unemployment at 9 percent, tight lending standards and a looming supply of distressed properties that may drag down home values further will probably keep hurting housing demand into next year. Sliding prices have left some people with loans that exceed the value of their properties, preventing them from boosting spending on other goods and services.

“We continue to expect home prices to fall through mid-2012,” said Anika Khan, an economist at Wells Fargo Securities LLC in Charlotte, North Carolina. “We still have an oversupply of existing homes, and distressed transactions continue to drive down home prices.”

Stock futures held earlier gains after the report as demand increased at Italy’s debt sale and finance ministers meet to discuss the credit crisis. The contract on the Standard & Poor’s 500 Index expiring next month climbed 0.2 percent to 1,193.9 at 9:17 a.m. in New York.

Survey Results

Estimates in the Bloomberg survey for the price change ranged from declines of 2.7 percent to 3.9 percent. The Case-Shiller index is based on a three-month average, which means the September data were influenced by transactions in July and August.

The year-over-year decline in September was the smallest in seven months.

Home prices adjusted for seasonal variations fell 0.6 percent in September from the prior month, the biggest decrease since March, after falling 0.3 percent in August. Unadjusted prices also decreased 0.6 percent from August as 17 of 20 cities showed declines. Only Washington, New York and Portland, Oregon, showed gains.

Atlanta, Las Vegas and Phoenix posted new post peak lows in September, the report showed.

The year-over-year gauge provides better indications of trends in prices, according to the S&P/Case-Shiller group. The panel includes Karl Case and Robert Shiller, the economists who created the index.

Broad-Based Drop

Eighteen of the 20 cities in the index showed a year-over-year decline, led by a 9.8 percent drop in Atlanta.

Detroit showed the biggest year-over-year increase, with prices rising 3.7 percent in the 12 months to September. Property values in Washington were up 1 percent.

Nationally, prices decreased 3.9 percent in the third quarter from the same time in 2010. They increased 0.1 percent from the previous three months before seasonal adjustment and dropped 1.2 percent after taking those changes into account.

A pipeline of seized properties threatens to weigh on prices even more as a temporary halt on foreclosures stemming from faulty seizures comes to an end. In the third quarter, U.S. lenders started foreclosures on more homes, the first increase in a year, as bank moratoriums that clogged the pipeline abated.

“Housing market activity remained very weak,” minutes from the Federal Open Market Committee’s Nov. 1-2 meeting showed last week. “The large overhang of foreclosed and distressed properties along with limited demand in an environment of uncertainty about future home prices and tight underwriting standards for mortgage loans” weighed on the market, it said.

New-Home Sales

Builders, which are competing with the 3.33 million unit glut of previously owned homes, sold fewer new houses in the U.S. than forecast in October, Commerce Department data showed yesterday. Demand is on pace to reach 301,000 this year, less than the 323,000 homes sold in 2010, which marked the fewest sales since data-keeping began in 1963.

“We’re in a market that’s quite fragile,” Ara Hovnanian, chairman and chief executive officer of Hovnanian Enterprises Inc., said during a Nov. 9 investor conference. “While delinquency rates have taken a little dip, on the whole, there is nothing that says that foreclosures are going to change dramatically over the near term, however you define that.”

               1-months 3-months  1-year  2-years  3-years
               earlier  earlier  earlier  earlier  earlier
US Composite-20  -0.64%    0.35%   -3.59%   -3.18%  -12.17%
Washington DC     1.17%    3.13%    0.98%    4.07%   -1.02%
Portland          0.14%    1.17%   -5.68%   -9.10%  -19.79%
New York          0.08%    1.89%   -2.57%   -2.80%  -11.34%
Phoenix          -0.21%   -0.47%   -6.48%   -8.27%  -28.31%
Detroit          -0.54%    5.36%    3.65%    0.49%  -18.85%
Dallas           -0.57%    0.54%   -0.81%   -3.39%   -4.52%
Miami            -0.65%    0.27%   -3.99%   -6.59%  -21.76%
Chicago          -0.76%    2.49%   -5.03%  -10.32%  -19.85%
San Diego        -0.77%   -0.86%   -5.36%   -0.67%   -6.34%
               1-months 3-months  1-year  2-years  3-years
               earlier  earlier  earlier  earlier  earlier
Boston           -0.77%   -0.05%   -1.20%   -0.79%   -4.09%
Denver           -0.81%   -0.42%   -1.48%   -3.09%   -4.21%
Los Angeles      -0.81%   -0.98%   -4.20%   -0.02%   -8.96%
Charlotte        -0.88%   -1.09%   -2.57%   -6.18%  -13.78%
Minneapolis      -0.88%    2.14%   -7.35%   -8.46%  -18.54%
Seattle          -1.09%   -1.36%   -6.53%   -8.96%  -21.54%
Cleveland        -1.24%   -0.12%   -3.08%   -4.89%   -8.46%
Las Vegas        -1.45%   -1.95%   -7.29%  -10.51%  -36.13%
San Francisco    -1.46%   -1.25%   -5.88%   -0.70%   -8.46%
Tampa            -1.53%   -0.83%   -6.69%  -10.66%  -25.62%
Atlanta          -5.93%   -7.99%   -9.78%  -13.72%  -21.77%
NOTE: The S&P/Case-Shiller (R) Home Price Indices are
constructed from data on sales of individual properties.  With
this method, changes in the index are derived only from actual
changes in selling prices of individual properties.
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