European stocks sank the most in five weeks, as Greece’s government called a referendum on its latest bailout package, spurring concern that the country may default.
Credit Suisse Group AG and Danske Bank A/S led a selloff in lenders, both sliding more than 6.5 percent, after posting earnings that fell short of analysts’ estimates. National Bank of Greece SA sank 15 percent to its lowest price since 1992 in Athens. Mining companies tumbled after a gauge of Chinese manufacturing dropped to the lowest level since February 2009.
The Stoxx Europe 600 Index slid 3.5 percent to 235.06 at the close in London, for the biggest plunge since Sept. 22, extending yesterday’s 2.2 percent selloff and paring last month’s biggest advance since 2009. The VStoxx Index, which measures the cost of protecting against a decline in shares on the Euro Stoxx 50 Index, jumped 22 percent to 42.96, its biggest gain since Aug. 18.
“After the euphoria from last week’s euro-zone summit, this is a dose of cold water and introduces further uncertainty into the market,” said Edmund Shing, chief European strategist at Barclays Plc in London. “It just shows you how important details have become. It’s not as bad as the market makes out and is more of a knee-jerk reaction. We don’t yet know when the referendum will take place.”
National benchmark indexes tumbled at least 2 percent in all 16 western European markets that were open today, except Iceland. France’s CAC 40 Index dropped 5.4 percent, Germany’s DAX Index lost 5 percent and Italy’s FTSE MIB Index plunged 6.8 percent. Greece’s ASE Index sank 6.9 percent.
Greece Calls Referendum
U.S. stocks extended the selloff and Asian shares tumbled after Greek Prime Minister George Papandreou called a referendum on the euro area’s latest bailout package, saying voters will give him their support to proceed with economic reforms.
Papandreou’s gambit risks pushing the country into default if voters reject the financial accord. An opinion poll published on Oct. 29 showed most Greeks believe the euro area’s expanded bailout package and debt writedown are negative.
Leaders from the Group of 20 meet at a summit on Nov. 3-4 in Cannes, France, a week after the euro area’s authorities pledged to expand their rescue fund to 1 trillion euros ($1.4 trillion). They have already sought financial help from China and cooperation from the International Monetary Fund.
German Chancellor Angela Merkel and French President Nicolas Sarkozy will meet tomorrow in Cannes before the summit.
Credit Suisse Plunges
Credit Suisse slumped 8.2 percent to 23.50 Swiss francs, the biggest drop since August, after the second-largest Swiss bank announced 1,500 more job cuts and plans to reorganize its securities unit after the division reported its first quarterly loss since 2008.
Third-quarter net income rose 12 percent to 683 million Swiss francs ($768 million), helped by an accounting gain from the widening of its credit spreads, the Zurich-based bank said. That missed the 979 million-franc mean estimate of 12 analysts surveyed by Bloomberg.
Danske Bank tumbled 6.8 percent to 69.45 kroner after Denmark’s largest lender reported an unexpected third-quarter net loss of 384 million kroner ($71 million). That compares with the average analyst estimate of a 763 million-krone profit in a Bloomberg survey. The Danish lender also announced plans to cut 2,000 jobs.
A gauge of European banks sank 6.2 percent, its largest decline since Aug. 18, even as the Institute of International Finance reaffirmed the lenders’ commitment to the 50 percent writedown on Greek debt that the IIF agreed to last week.
Greek Banks Slide
National Bank of Greece lost 15 percent to 1.47 euros, its lowest price since at least 1992, while EFG Eurobank Ergasias SA tumbled 12 percent to 60 euro cents.
Barclays Plc dropped 9.5 percent to 176.8 pence after UBS AG lowered its recommendation for Britain’s second-largest bank by assets to “neutral” from “buy.”
Mining companies declined with copper prices as a report showed a drop in manufacturing in China, the world’s biggest consumer of the base metal.
The Purchasing Managers’ Index fell to 50.4 in October from 51.2 in September, the China Federation of Logistics and Purchasing said in a statement. That compared with the median economist forecast of 51.8 in a Bloomberg News survey. A reading above 50 indicates expansion.
Xstrata Plc declined 6.6 percent to 976.1 pence, Antofagasta Plc retreated 4.5 percent to 1,114 pence and BHP Billiton Ltd., the world’s largest mining company, lost 2.7 percent to 1,915 pence.
Legal & General Falls
Elsewhere, Legal & General Group Plc slid 7.2 percent to 102.6 pence, pacing a selloff in financial shares. The company posted a 0.7 percent drop in third-quarter sales to 1.34 billion pounds ($2.1 billion) because of lower revenue from insured savings and annuities.
Sandvik AB dropped 6.5 percent to 84.30 kronor. The world’s biggest maker of metal-cutting tools posted a 60 percent plunge in third-quarter profit to 626 million kronor ($94 million) after a writedown on goodwill for a business it plans to sell. The company also said it will cut 365 jobs in Sweden.
Just over half of the 150 companies in the Stoxx 600 that have released earnings since Oct. 11 beat analysts’ profit estimates, according to data compiled by Bloomberg.
Daimler AG paced a selloff in carmakers, falling 5.9 percent to 34.81 euros after Barclays downgraded the world’s third-largest maker of luxury vehicles to “underweight” from “equal weight.”