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Baidu, Airlines Jump as Index at Two-Month High: China Overnight

Oct. 28 (Bloomberg) -- The Bloomberg China-US 55 Index of the most-traded Chinese equities in the U.S. rose to a two-month high as airline profits grew and the government signaled it will move to shore up growth. Online search engine Baidu Inc. surged 7 percent in after-market hours trading after third-quarter profit topped analyst forecasts.

China Southern Airlines, Asia’s biggest carrier by passenger numbers, jumped to a seven-week high after saying its third-quarter profit rose to 3.1 billion yuan ($487 million). China Eastern Airlines Corp., the nation’s third largest carrier by market value, posted the biggest two-day rally since 2009 after saying it expects to benefit from a trial tax change. PetroChina Co., the nation’s largest oil producer, reported larger-than-forecast net income for the quarter ended in September on gains in crude.

Asia’s “earnings have been holding up pretty well,” Mark Konyn, chief executive officer of RCM Asia Pacific Ltd., which helps manage $150 billion globally, said in a Bloomberg Television interview in Hong Kong.

China shares rallied in the U.S. as the Standard & Poor’s 500 Index extended its best month since 1974, after European leaders agreed to expand a bailout fund to stem the region’s debt crisis. Metals and oil led an advance in commodities.

Premier Wen Jiabao’s comment this week that the government may fine-tune economic policies as needed fueled speculation that China, the world’s second-largest economy, is ending a two-year policy tightening campaign as growth slows.

Baidu, China’s most popular online search engine, said after markets closed that third-quarter net income climbed 80 percent to 1.88 billion yuan, or 5.38 yuan per American depositary receipt, compared with 1.05 billion yuan, or 3 yuan, a year earlier. That exceeded the 1.85 billion yuan average of eight analysts’ estimates compiled by Bloomberg. Its ADRs gained 5.8 percent to $138.39 at the close of U.S. trading.

‘Less Defensive’

It’s “a good time to be less defensive” in Chinese stocks because China may begin to ease measures designed to cool inflation, John Tang, a strategist at UBS AG, wrote in a research note yesterday.

The ishares FTSE China 25 Index Fund, the biggest Chinese exchange-traded fund in the U.S., jumped 5.8 percent, the most since June 2009, to $38.21. The Shanghai Composite Index gained for a fourth day to the highest in eight sessions.

China’s economy expanded 9.1 percent in the third quarter from a year earlier, the least in two years. The pace of inflation slowed to 6.1 percent last month from a three-year high of 6.5 percent in July.

Banks’ Reserve

“Policy fine-tuning towards loosening has actually occurred, especially for small- and medium-sized enterprises and local-government financing vehicles,” Shen Jianguang, a Hong Kong-based economist at Mizuho Securities Asia Ltd. wrote in a report yesterday. “The next step will be a targeted required reserve ratio cut for smaller banks, followed by a general cut.”

Analysts at Guotai Junan Securities Co. and Barclays Plc joined Mizuho in predicting a cut to banks’ reserve requirements this year.

The Bloomberg benchmark gauge surged 4.2 percent, the most in two months, to the highest level since Aug. 31. The S&P erased its 2011 loss, rising 3.4 percent to 1,284,59, the highest level since Aug. 1.

Debt Insurance

Investors are taking out a record amount of debt insurance on China amid concern that rising bad bank loans and slowing global growth will depress the world’s biggest exporter.

The net amount of Chinese sovereign debt covered by credit-default swaps doubled this year to $9.3 billion, the eighth highest of 1,000 entities tracked by the Depository Trust & Clearing Corp. Contracts on China were the sixth most-traded last week behind France, Spain, Germany, Italy and Brazil, with a daily average of $488 million.

China’s five-year credit default swaps fell about 21 basis points, or 0.21 percentage point, to 119.5, according to data provider CMA , which is owned by CME Group Inc. and compiles prices quoted by dealers in the privately negotiated market. The swaps pay the buyer face value in exchange for the underlying securities or the cash equivalent should a government or company fail to adhere to its debt agreements.

Yuan Weakens

The Chinese yuan weakened 0.1 percent to 6.3595 per dollar in Shanghai, trimming its gains this year to 3.6 percent, according to the China Foreign Exchange Trade System

China’s central government approved a pilot program to replace a business tax with a value-added tax on the transport industry service sectors in Shanghai from Jan. 1, according to a statement from the State Council Oct. 26. China Eastern expects airlines will be included in the pilot run and will benefit from the tax change, Board Secretary Luo Zhuping said by telephone.

The carrier’s ADRs soared 15 percent to a seven-week high of $21.36. Each ADR represents 50 common shares. Its Hong Kong-traded shares jumped 11 percent to HK$3.23, the equivalent of 41.6 U.S. cents. China Southern’s ADRs leaped 9.6 percent to $31.80. PetroChina’s ADRs climbed 4 percent to $136, the highest in more than two months.

Oil futures for December delivery rose 4.2 percent to $93.96 a barrel on the New York Mercantile Exchange, the highest settlement level since Aug. 1. Prices have gained 2.8 percent this year.

China Unicom (Hong Kong) Ltd., the second-largest mobile phone company of the nation, slid 2.2 percent, snapping a four-day gain, after its third-quarter profit missed analysts’ estimates as marketing costs and wages for employees rose.

Net income rose 21 percent to 1.61 billion yuan, from a re-stated 1.33 billion yuan a year earlier, according to figures derived from nine-month earnings reported by the Beijing-based company. Profit missed the 1.73 billion yuan average of three analysts’ estimates in a Bloomberg survey.

China Telecom Corp., the nation’s biggest fixed-line phone carrier, and China Shenhua Energy Co., the biggest coal producer in the country, will post third-quarter earnings today.

The Shanghai Composite Index has plunged 13 percent this year, compared with an 14 percent drop in Brazil’s Bovespa Index, 9.6 percent loss in Russia’s Micex Index, and a slump of 16 percent in India’s benchmark measure. The Shanghai measure is trading at 12.9 times earnings, compared with 15.4 for Indian stocks, 9.4 for Brazilian shares, and 5.9 for Russian equities.

Members of the Bloomberg China-US 55 Index:

21Vianet Group Inc
51Job Inc
7 Days Group Holdings
Aluminum Corp Of China
Asiainfo-Linkage Inc
Autonavi Holdings Ltd
Baidu Inc Ltd
China Eastern Airlines
China Life Insurance Co
China Lodging Group
China Mobile Ltd
China Petroleum & Chemical Corp
China Real Estate Inform
China Southern Airlines Co
China Telecom Corp Ltd
China Unicom Hong Kong
Cninsure Inc
Cnooc Ltd International
E-commerce China Dangdang Inc
Elong Inc
Focus Media Holding
Giant Interactive Group
Guangshen Railways
Home Inns & Hotels Management Inc
Huaneng Power International Inc
LDK Solar Co Ltd
Melco Crown Entertainment
Mindray Medical Intl Ltd Inc
New Oriental Education
Noah Holdings Ltd
Perfect World Co
Petrochina Co
Qihoo 360 Technology Co
Renren Inc
Seaspan Corp
Semiconductor Manufacturing International Corp
Shanda Games Ltd
Shanda Interactive
Simcere Pharmaceutical Group
Sina Corp
Sinopec Shanghai Petrochemical Co Inc
Soufun Holdings Ltd
Spreadtrum Communications Inc
Suntech Power Holdings
Tal Education Group
Trina Solar Ltd
Tudou Holdings Ltd
Wuxi Pharmatech Inc
Yanzhou Coal Mining Co
Yingli Green Energy Holding Inc

To contact the reporter on this story: Belinda Cao in New York at

To contact the editor responsible for this story: David Papadopoulos at

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