Somali Prime Minister Mohamed Abdulahi Mohamed resigned as part of an agreement reached with the country’s president and speaker of parliament.
On June 9, Somali President Sheikh Sharif Sheikh Ahmed and Speaker Sharif Hassan Sheikh Adan deferred elections in the war-torn country for 12 months to allow more time for a political transition. The accord called for the appointment of a new prime minister within 30 days. The deal followed months of disputes between Somalia’s executive and legislative branches over when their terms should end and the date for elections.
The United Nations Security Council threatened cuts in donor aid unless the squabbling stopped. Somalia has been mired in a civil war for two decades and hasn’t had a functioning central government since the 1991 ouster of dictator Mohamed Siad Barre. Most of the southern and central parts of the Horn of African nation have been seized by the Islamic insurgency movement, al-Shabaab.
“Viewing the situation of my country and with respect to the Kampala accord, I decided to leave the post,” Abdulahi Mohamed told reporters at the presidential palace in Mogadishu.
Abdulahi Mohamed had earlier rejected the agreement that called for him to step down and said he would seek a vote of confidence from lawmakers.
“I congratulate the Somali Prime Minister for his achievement during the short time he worked,” Ahmed said at the same news conference. Mohamed will “stay and work with us and we will benefit from his experience.”
Somalia’s interior minister, Abdishakur Sheikh Hassan Farah, died this month after an attack in his home in Mogadishu, the capital, by a female suicide bomber.
Somalia’s government has been battling Islamic insurgents, including al-Shabaab, a group the U.S. accuses of having links to al-Qaeda, since 2007.
The government, backed by African Union troops, has claimed recent victories against the rebels in Mogadishu, the capital, and along the border with Kenya.