House Speaker John Boehner’s appearance before Wall Street leaders tonight challenges him to provide reassurance that Congress will raise the U.S. debt limit without undercutting Republican demands for spending controls.
Investors attending Boehner’s speech to the Economic Club of New York dinner will be listening for the Ohio Republican to describe the path to an agreement on raising the debt ceiling and installing new deficit controls between the Republican-run House and Democrats led by President Barack Obama.
“What Wall Street wants to hear is that they are going to raise the debt ceiling in a timely way,” said Mark Zandi, chief economist at Moody’s Analytics Inc. in West Chester, Pennsylvania.
Investors expect “policy makers are going to negotiate and debate,” though they want assurances that “when it comes down to brass tracks they are going to raise that debt ceiling,” Zandi said.
Following his speech, Boehner, 61, will be questioned by Peter G. Peterson, co-founder of Blackstone Group LP, and Jane Hartley, chief executive officer of Observatory Group LLC, an economic consultant.
The government will reach the $14.29 trillion debt limit no later than May 16, though Treasury Secretary Timothy Geithner says the government can keep borrowing by taking “extraordinary measures” until Aug. 2.
In an April 28 speech, Geithner said economic damage could occur if credit markets react to “the possibility, however remote, that the U.S. might default.”
“The stakes are high for Speaker Boehner,” Senator Chuck Schumer, a New York Democrat, told reporters on a conference call today. He called on Boehner to provide “unwavering reassurance” to the credit markets that House Republicans won’t allow the U.S. to default on its obligations.
“The markets do not want to hear more threats,” Schumer said. “The time for brinkmanship is over. There is a lot on the line.”
The markets will become worried if there’s not significant progress on the debt negotiations by the middle of July, Schumer said.
Boehner, who negotiated with Obama an 11th-hour package of more than $38 billion in spending cuts to avert a government shutdown last month, will explain to results-oriented investors that without budget reforms there are not enough votes in the Republican-run House to raise the debt ceiling, said a Republican leadership aide speaking on condition of anonymity.
Consequences of Default
The consequences of a default are much more severe than those of a government shutdown, Roger Altman, founder of investment bank Evercore Partners Inc., told reporters on the conference call with Schumer.
The U.S. is the largest borrower in the world, and “if America were to default, even for 24 hours, that would have an unprecedented and catastrophic impact” on global financial markets, said Altman, a former U.S. deputy Treasury secretary under President Bill Clinton.
Altman said there can’t be “head fakes” on default and that Boehner should “renounce default.” Altman said the business and financial communities are united behind the position that lawmakers must be clear they won’t allow a default.
Republican strategist Ron Bonjean said Boehner has “got to take a hard line” on Republican demands for new spending controls to curb the spiraling government deficit.
The speaker will be able to give Wall Street some reassurance by taking credit for “forcing Democrats to the table to negotiate spending cuts,” Bonjean said.
Boehner can’t go any further because “you can’t tell Wall Street with a wink and nod that you are going to raise the debt limit because it will definitely affect our bargaining position with the White House,” said Bonjean, once an aide to former House Speaker Dennis Hastert, an Illinois Republican.
Boehner can tell investors the government “won’t have to exceed the debt limit” because there are negotiations and “Democrats are willing to participate in that end game,” Bonjean said.
The speaker also can cite broad public support for deficit reduction that will give Democrats a political incentive “to try to figure out some kind of package” of spending cuts and budget reforms, Bonjean said.
“What the market would like to hear is that the two parties are reasonably close to agreeing on something and the debt ceiling will be raised,” said Ajay Rajadhyaksha, head of U.S. fixed-income strategy for the Barclays Capital Inc. unit of Barclays Plc.
Wall Street is looking for such a deal to be reached by early July, Rajadhyaksha and Zandi said.
If the negotiations drag out much longer than that, “the dynamics of the thing could change quite rapidly as investors could get quite nervous,” Zandi said.
“The worst-case scenario is I am sitting here talking to you at the end of July and the debt ceiling has still not been raised,” Rajadhyaksha said.
The talks in Washington on the issue began May 5 at a negotiating session hosted by Vice President Joe Biden where both sides outlined their demands.
Republican leaders signaled that their plan, included in the House-passed 2012 budget resolution, to privatize Medicare for future beneficiaries who are now younger than age 55 was on hold during the discussions about the debt limit.
Boehner said political realities dictated that the Medicare plan was unlikely to pass Congress with Democrats in control of the Senate. He made the comment when asked why Representative Dave Camp of Michigan, the Republican chairman of the House Ways and Means Committee, had said he didn’t plan to push the Medicare plan because it would likely die in the Senate.
Still, Boehner, who is represented at the talks by House Majority Leader Eric Cantor of Virginia, told reporters at his May 5 press conference that “nothing is off the table except raising taxes.”
The speaker vowed that Republicans “will not increase the debt limit without real spending cuts and budget reform.”
Cantor blamed Obama for refusing to consider the Medicare plan as part of the debt-ceiling discussions. “The reality is this president has excoriated our budget plan and the Medicare proposal,” Cantor said. The Republican leader said the Medicare plan, as well as other elements of the House-passed budget plan to cut $6 trillion over 10 years, “will be the subject of future meetings.”
Republicans are under pressure from Tea Party groups who have promised primary challenges against Boehner and other party leaders if they compromise on spending cuts.
Tea Party activists attacked Boehner for supporting an increase in the federal debt limit at a press conference in Washington today.
Representative Michele Bachmann, a Minnesota Republican and possible presidential candidate, sent a statement to the event that said, “It’s time to reject the debt ceiling scare tactics and address the truly frightening reality that our debt is at $14 trillion and growing.”
Bachmann was among 59 Republicans who voted against the budget deal that Boehner worked out in April with Obama.
So far, the markets have shown few, if any, signs of investor anxiety. The yield on the benchmark 10-year note was 3.15 percent on May 6, down from an average of 4.33 percent from 2000 through 2010 on a weekly basis.
Zandi said investors understand the negotiations in Washington are complicated. They wouldn’t be “too upset there is a fair amount of negotiations and debate,” he said.
More important than the content of Boehner’s message is “how he says it and his demeanor and his level of confidence,” Zandi said. It’s “very, very important” that Boehner “convinces people that policy makers really understand what the stakes are.”