European nations may provide more aid to Greece, recipient of the first euro-area bailout, as it struggles to reduce a debt load that some investors say will lead to a restructuring.
“We think that Greece does need a further adjustment program,” Luxembourg Prime Minister Jean-Claude Juncker, who chairs the group of euro-area finance ministers, said after an unscheduled meeting of European Union officials last night in Luxembourg. “This has to be discussed in detail” at this month’s gathering of finance chiefs, he said.
Greek bonds have tumbled since mid-April when Portugal became the third euro nation to seek a rescue and German officials indicated they wouldn’t oppose a restructuring. Greece denied a report in Germany’s Spiegel magazine yesterday that said it threatened to withdraw from the euro.
“We’re not discussing the exit of Greece from the euro area. This is a stupid idea -- no way,” Juncker told reporters. “We don’t want to have the euro area exploding without any reasons.”
Greece has already received an extension on bailout loans this year and policy makers in Athens say another lengthening would help avoid a broader restructuring. The additional aid may involve increasing the 110 billion euros ($158 billion) agreed to in last year’s rescue or enabling the EU’s aid fund to buy back Greek debt, in addition to easing payment terms, a European official said after the meeting.
Those measures may run into opposition in Germany and Finland, where bailouts have sparked a political backlash. Germany, the biggest contributor to the bailout pool, has floated the restructuring option as lawmakers reject tapping their taxpayers for more aid money.
“We were excluding the restructuring option which is discussed heavily in certain quarters of the financial markets,” Juncker said.
The euro slid after the Spiegel report, declining 1.3 percent in New York to $1.4316. U.S. stocks pared gains and Treasuries rose as reports of the meeting stoked speculation that a restructuring may be in the works.
Greek Prime Minister George Papandreou said the report of a possible euro exit was made up and the government was handling the country’s debt in the best way possible, Kathimerini newspaper reported.
Abandoning the euro would have “catastrophic” consequences, Greek Finance Minister George Papaconstantinou told Italian newspaper La Stampa. Public debt would double, consumer spending power would be “shattered” and the country would sink into a “war-like recession,” he said.
Finance chiefs from France, Germany, Italy, and Spain and European Union Economic and Monetary Affairs Commissioner Olli Rehn also attended last night’s session.
Beyond Greece, the agenda included the Portugal bailout, a successor to European Central Bank President Jean-Claude Trichet, whose term ends in October, and details of the crisis-fighting program to take effect in 2013, a separate European official said.
Papaconstantinou attended and briefed on the state of the Greek economy, the Athens-based Finance Ministry said in a statement, adding there was no discussion of Greece’s status as a member of the euro area.
The meeting came a year after EU put together an unprecedented 750 billion-euro backstop on a Sunday night in Brussels to end the debt contagion that began in Greece. It hasn’t worked so far. Ireland and Portugal have since been bailed out and Greece has been forced to fend off suggestions that it was headed to default.
Restructuring More Likely
“The likelihood of a restructuring of Greek market debt this year has gone up,” David Mackie, London-based chief European economist at JPMorgan Chase & Co., said in a note yesterday.
Greece has about 330 billion euros in outstanding bonds, according to a May 5 report by UBS AG. The Swiss bank estimates that 22 percent is held by Greeks and Cypriots, the ECB has 19 percent and the EU and International Monetary Fund together have about 11 percent.
About 22 billion euros will mature this year and 33 billion euros next year, according to an April 29 ING Groep NV report.
Greek bonds have declined since the 2010 bailout, with yields on two-year notes reaching a euro-era record of 26.27 percent on April 28. The extra yield investors demand to hold Greek 10-year debt over comparable German bonds widened 4 basis points to 1,233. Greece was supposed to return to markets next year even as its debt peaks at 159 percent of gross domestic product.
German Deputy Foreign Minister Werner Hoyer said last month a Greek restructuring “would not be a disaster.” Finance Minister Wolfgang Schaeuble was quoted by Die Welt newspaper as saying “further measures may have to be taken” if Greece flunks a June audit. The two-year yield was about 17 percent at the time.
“A haircut or a restructuring of the debt would not be a disaster,” said Hoyer, a member of the Free Democratic Party, a junior partner in Merkel’s coalition. If Greece’s creditors agreed that talks “would be helpful toward a restructuring of the debt, then of course this would be supported by us.”