Facebook Inc. isn’t worth $50 billion, according to a poll of global investors that shows skepticism about Goldman Sachs Group Inc.’s recent estimate of the largest social-networking site’s value and concern that a bubble may be forming in the technology sector.
Sixty-nine percent of investors say Facebook is overvalued after Goldman Sachs invested $450 million in a deal that put the company’s worth at $50 billion, according to the quarterly poll of 1,000 Bloomberg customers who are investors, traders or analysts. Only 10 percent of respondents say Facebook’s valuation is appropriate; 4 percent say it’s worth more.
The Bloomberg Global Poll conducted Jan. 21-24 shows that investors disagree with Goldman Sachs’ assessment that Facebook is worth more than Web pioneers such as Yahoo! Inc., the biggest web portal, and EBay Inc., owner of the biggest online retail marketplace. Palo Alto, California-based Facebook surpassed Yahoo! in October as the third most visited website in the world.
“Those investing in Facebook, expecting it to be the next Google, might be in for some bad news along the way,” says poll respondent John J. Lee, a portfolio manager at PGB Trust & Investments in Morristown, New Jersey. Mountain View, California-based Google went public in August 2004 and the shares more than tripled in the first year to $279.99 from $85. The stock price averaged $617.2 this month.
‘Cheaper Copycat Lookalikes’
“Eventually, all fads get cheaper copycat lookalikes,” he says. “While being first to market makes Facebook a winner, another faster, stronger company with more something will come along and dilute its value.” Lee says his firm owns Google shares in some portfolios.
Facebook raised $1.5 billion in a Goldman Sachs-led financing round this month. In addition to Goldman Sachs’ $450 million investment, Russia-based Digital Sky Technologies put up $50 million and Goldman Sachs clients outside the U.S. snapped up a $1 billion stake in the company. Goldman Sachs, which retained the right to sell $75 million of its stake to Digital Sky, had originally offered Facebook shares to its U.S. clients in a private placement. That was called off after details became public because the offering risked running afoul of U.S. securities laws.
Stephen Cohen, a spokesman for New York-based Goldman Sachs, declined to comment. A Facebook spokesman, Jonathan Thaw, declined to discuss the valuation. “We’re focused on creating a useful service and building our business for the long term,” he said in an e-mailed statement.
‘Dangerous New Bubble’
The Bloomberg poll shows that the Facebook deal has made investors uneasy about internet companies in general. More than half the respondents say the firm’s valuation signals the “beginning of a dangerous new bubble” in the market, while only 17 percent saw it as the foundation of a lasting boom.
“More than a bubble, Facebook is a manifestation of the rational excesses that only the financial markets are capable of when confronted with something without precedents and more importantly unexpected,” said Luigi La Ferla, co-founder of LTP Trade Ltd. in London. ‘
Investors worldwide have doubts about the Facebook deal, and those outside the U.S. were most pessimistic. Seventy-two percent of non-U.S. respondents say the company was overvalued. Among U.S. investors that number is 63 percent.
“There’s too little financial information and track history to value the company like this,” says La Ferla. ‘Besides, you do not want to buy any of Goldman’s proprietary positions that they’re willing to sell.”
The $50 billion valuation puts Facebook in league with publicly traded Tencent Holdings Ltd. The Shenzhen, China-based internet company, whose services include online games and instant messaging, is worth more than $42 billion on the Hong Kong stock exchange. Tencent trades at about 15 times revenue. The Facebook valuation is about 25 times its 2010 revenue. Google’s price-to-sales ratio is 9, analysts estimate. EBay’s market value is $40.5 billion and Yahoo!’s is $21.2 billion.
Today, Facebook’s valuation on SharesPost Inc., a San Bruno, California-based online marketplace for trading shares in private companies, reached $82.9 billion, an increase of 40 percent since mid-December. That put the social-networking company in second place among U.S. Internet companies after Google, which is worth $192 billion.
Facebook supplanted Amazon.com Inc., whose shares dropped as much as 9.5 percent today after a disappointing sales forecast, pushing its stock market value down to $75.2 billion.
Amazon, the biggest online retailer, went public almost 14 years ago. The Seattle-based company said yesterday that sales in the first quarter will be as low as $9.1 billion, trailing the average analyst estimate of $9.36 billion in a Bloomberg survey.
LinkedIn Corp., a Mountain View, California-based professional networking firm, filed yesterday with the Securities and Exchange Commission to raise as much as much as $175 million in an initial public offering. The company is valued at $2.5 billion on Sharespost.
Among European investors in the poll, 56 percent say the Facebook deal signals a bubble among online firms, while less than half of U.S.-based respondents agree. About a quarter of Asian investors see the deal as the start of a new boom in online companies, while overall 17 percent of those polled are positive.
“The current uptrend in e-commerce companies is a lasting boom, with or without Facebook,” says poll respondent Henry Littig, owner of Henry Littig Global Investments AG in Cologne, Germany.
In 2008, Mark Zuckerberg, Facebook’s founder and chief executive officer, became the world’s youngest billionaire at 23 when Forbes Magazine listed his wealth at $1.5 billion. The magazine now says his net worth has reached $6.9 billion. Zuckerberg is the central character in the hit movie “The Social Network,” about the founding of Facebook, which was nominated for eight Academy Awards this month.
Facebook’s social network has more than 500 million members and trails only Google and Microsoft Corp. as the world’s most visited website, according to ComScore Inc.
The company had revenue of $1.2 billion in the first three quarters of last year, up from $777 million, according to a person who had viewed documents sent to potential investors by Goldman Sachs. The company reported profit of $355 million in the first three quarters of last year, compared with profit of more than $200 million for all of 2009.
The poll was conducted by Des Moines, Iowa-based Selzer & Co. for Bloomberg and has a margin of error of plus or minus 3.1 percentage points.