Iran’s average daily demand for gasoline has fallen by 13 percent, three weeks after the government quadrupled the price of subsidized fuel, the Oil Ministry reported.
Daily gasoline consumption last week averaged 55.4 million liters (14.6 million gallons), compared with 63.9 million liters the day before the Dec. 19 price increase, the ministry’s official news website Shana reported.
Iranians now pay 4,000 rials (40 cents) a liter for 50 liters a month and 7,000 rials a liter for larger volumes. They previously paid a subsidized price of 1,000 rials a liter for a monthly maximum of 60 liters.
Under a five-year plan started on Dec. 19 and promoted as an “economic revolution” by President Mahmoud Ahmadinejad, Iran began slashing three-decades-old subsidies and replacing them with cash payments to the poorest.
Iran, the second-largest oil producer in the Organization of Petroleum Exporting Countries, is “one of the most wasteful” countries in terms of energy consumption, the International Monetary Fund has said. The Iranian Central Bank has estimated that energy subsidies alone cost the government $40 billion to $100 billion a year, depending on oil prices.
In five years, gasoline is to be sold domestically for 90 percent of the price found elsewhere in the region, according to the legislation.