The dollar rose toward a two-month high against the euro amid signs the U.S. labor market is improving while Europe struggles to contain its debt crisis.
The greenback gained versus 11 of 16 major peers before government data on payrolls tomorrow and as military tensions on the Korean peninsula supported demand for safe-haven assets. Australia’s dollar dropped after data showed retail sales unexpectedly fell. Taiwan’s dollar surged on prospects global funds will buy more of the island’s assets.
“Recent good economic data are supportive of the dollar,” said Takayuki Asahara, a dealer in Tokyo at Shinkin Central Bank, the central institution for Japan’s financial cooperatives. “Further gains can be expected should the job data tomorrow be positive.”
The dollar climbed to $1.3103 per euro as of 1:52 p.m. in Tokyo from $1.3139 in New York yesterday, after touching $1.2969 on Nov. 30, the strongest since Sept. 15. It was at 84.08 yen from 84.19 yen. The euro fell to 110.20 yen from 110.58 yen.
U.S. employers added 145,000 workers last month after a 151,000 gain in October, according to a Bloomberg News survey of economists before the Labor Department report tomorrow.
The Federal Reserve’s Beige Book showed yesterday hiring improved, manufacturing expanded and retailers anticipated a stronger holiday shopping season. ADP Employer Services reported yesterday employment increased by 93,000 last month, the most since November 2007. The median projection of economists in another Bloomberg survey was for a 70,000 gain.
North Korea may attack the province that surrounds Seoul, the Tokyo Shimbun newspaper said, citing an unidentified person who quoted an official in the communist nation. South Korea will hold artillery drills on Yeonpyeong, the island shelled by the North last week, on Dec. 6, television broadcaster MBN reported today, citing government officials it didn’t identify.
Japan and the U.S. will conduct a joint military exercise from tomorrow until Dec. 10.
“Geopolitical risk appears to be returning a bit on worries that North Korea may attack the South,” said Satoshi Okagawa, head of the foreign-exchange and money trading group in Singapore at Sumitomo Mitsui Banking Corp., a unit of Japan’s third-largest banking group. “There’s some safe-haven buying of the yen and the dollar.”
The Australian dollar fell against all of its most-traded peers after the Bureau of Statistics said retail sales declined 1.1 percent in October. That compared with the 0.4 percent gain estimated by economists in a Bloomberg survey.
There was “very weak consumer spending over the past few months in Australia, so that’s certainly weighing on the Aussie,” said Jonathan Cavenagh, a currency strategist at Westpac Banking Corp. in Singapore.
The so-called Aussie slipped to 96.40 U.S. cents from 96.83 cents and declined to 81.05 yen from 81.53 yen yesterday.
Taiwan’s dollar rose for the first time in three days as overseas investors bought $6.6 billion more local shares than they sold this year. The island’s economy expanded 9.8 percent in the third quarter from a year earlier and will grow 9.98 percent this year and 4.51 percent in 2011, the government said Nov. 18.
“Growth in Taiwan and other Asian economies attracts overseas funds,” said Henry Lin, a Taipei-based foreign- exchange trader at Taiwan Shin Kong Commercial Bank. “The central bank will continue to act to reduce gains.”
The Taiwan dollar strengthened to NT$30.369 versus the greenback from NT$30.852 yesterday.
The euro’s decline may be limited on speculation European Central Bank policy makers will today announce steps to stem the region’s debt crisis. Economists surveyed by Bloomberg forecast the bank will keep its benchmark interest rate at 1 percent.
“The markets are expecting the ECB to do something,” said Khoon Goh, head of market economics and strategy at ANZ National Bank Ltd. in Wellington. “The euro seems to be supported, but it needs some concrete action coming from the ECB and other officials to say the right things.”
Speculation the debt crisis will spread to Portugal and Spain grew after European authorities approved an 85 billion-euro ($111.5 billion) aid package for Ireland on Nov. 28 when it became the second euro-area nation after Greece to seek financial help.