U.S. government officials ordered BP Plc to submit plans for reopening its sealed Gulf of Mexico well and resuming efforts to capture oil after tests found a suspected leak seeping from the seabed.
In a letter addressed to Bob Dudley, BP managing director, National Incident Commander Thad Allen said tests had detected a “seep a distance from the well and undetermined anomalies at the well head.” The letter was posted on the website of the joint information center for the spill.
No decision was announced as to whether BP will be ordered to open the valves sealing the well, which would allow oil to resume flowing.
“I direct you to provide me a written procedure for opening the choke valve as quickly as possible without damaging the well should hydrocarbon seepage near the well head be confirmed,” Allen wrote in the letter.
Hours before, BP officials said the company planned to keep the well sealed until it could be permanently plugged by a relief well. Three days of tests on the capped well showed no signs of a hidden leak or other problems that would prompt BP to reopen the well, Doug Suttles, chief operating officer for exploration and production for BP, said earlier today in a conference call from Houston.
Pressure inside the well rose slowly to 6,775 pounds per square inch from 6,700 pounds per square inch at the start of the day yesterday, an encouraging sign that the inside of the well may have escaped damage following an April 20 explosion aboard the Deepwater Horizon drilling rig, Kent Wells, BP’s senior vice president for exploration and production said yesterday.
The pressure reading is still lower than the 7,500 pounds per square inch BP initially said would give it confidence to declare the well sound. Wells said the lower pressure was consistent with a depleted reservoir after oil had been gushing three months.
It’s not unusual for bubbles of gas to seep from the seabed, Darryl Bourgoyne, director of the petroleum engineering laboratory at Louisiana State University, said.
“It could be a leak, it could be biogenic gas, gas created by bacteria,” he said. “It could lead to opening the well if they’re very, very cautious.”
Allen’s letter demanded BP provide records and documentation of all the tests it is running on the well while it remains sealed.
“Monitoring of the seabed is of paramount importance during the test period,” Allen wrote. “As the National Incident Commander, I must remain abreast of the status of your source control efforts.”
Bill Salvin, a BP spokesman, said BP complied with all government requests and will continue to do so.
The relief well, the only option for permanently plugging the well by filling it with mud and cement, should remain the priority over other attempts to stop the oil flow, Allen said. He asked BP to provide him with a plan and schedule for all well control efforts and how they might conflict or delay the relief well.
BP bolted a 40-foot (12-meter) stack of valves on top of the well that it used to stop the flow of oil July 15, when it began testing for damage. The company temporarily halted drilling its relief wells while it conducted tests on the capped Macondo.
Work has begun again, and the wells should intercept the leak by the end of the month and have it plugged by mid-August, Suttles said.
The Macondo well has produced the biggest oil spill in U.S. history, spewing 35,000 to 60,000 barrels of oil a day from a mile-deep in the water, according to a U.S. government-led panel of scientists.
BP was prepared to reopen the well and let the oil flow if tests indicated there were hidden leaks that could be made worse by leaving the well sealed, Wells said. Resuming the containment process might take three days, during which oil would again be spilled into the Gulf, Suttles said.
The main purpose of the new cap sitting on the top of the well, built with assistance from Transocean Ltd. and Cameron International Corp., was to help channel more oil to the surface if the well could not be sealed, Allen has said.
The previous, loose cap allowed BP to capture about 25,000 barrels a day of oil from the well, while still letting some escape. If it’s necessary to reopen the well, the new installation would enable vessels to eventually contain about 80,000 barrels, Suttles said today.