Oracle (ORCL) has every reason to go after BEA Systems (BEAS), judging from the reaction on Wall Street to news that Oracle Chief Executive Larry Ellison wants to spend $6.7 billion for the smaller software maker.
BEA brings valuable assets, including a huge customer base, a large revenue stream, and a reliable set of products centered on middleware, the software that helps glue together disparate programs. The deal would round out Ellison's buying spree of more than 30 companies for about $25 billion in recent years, bringing Oracle into virtually every niche of software aimed at business customers (BusinessWeek, 9/21/07).
Shares of BEA Systems surged 38%, to $18.82, after Oracle's advances were made public. "Oracle can integrate the BEA technology directly into the core of the Oracle stack, strengthening it, while at the same time removing a competitor and adding close to $1.4 billion in annual revenue to its coffers," writes Technology Business Research analyst Stuart Williams. "BEA is a technology-focused firm that should find a good home inside Oracle."
But at what price? Oracle says it's willing to pay $17 a share in cash. It's probably going to have to fork over more than that. As much as BEA Systems needs a buyer, company executives and its biggest shareholder, Carl Icahn, balked at Oracle's bid. What's more, BEA Systems has strong defenses against an unwelcome offer, and there's no telling whether a rival suitor will join the fray.
Getting Its Finances In Order
Analysts say the price could rise to as high as $20 a share. "BEA is doing a little gamesmanship here," says David Hilal, senior managing director of equity research at Friedman, Billings, Ramsey & Co.. "They know that Oracle's first offer is probably not their best and final offer." In the past, Oracle has been known to make several offers before consummating a deal. "While I think $17 is very fair, Oracle probably made that offer knowing they've got a little more leeway," says Hilal. BEA may try to extract an additional $1 to $3 a share, he says.
While BEA Systems didn't spurn the overture outright, it said Oracle is trying to buy it on the cheap. "BEA is worth substantially more to Oracle, to others and importantly, to our shareholders than the price indicated in your letter," William Klein, BEA's vice-president of business planning and development, wrote in a letter to Oracle President Charles Phillips . Klein indicated that the absence of current financial information had given investors an incomplete view of the company's performance. Because of an options backdating scandal, BEA has been working to restate its finances. NASDAQ has given BEA until Nov. 14 to file all delinquent quarterly and annual reports dating to the quarter ended July, 2006.
Icahn, who owns about 13.22% of BEA Systems shares, told The Wall Street Journal he's "certainly happy" about Oracle's bid and said BEA "definitely should be taken over." He also said he "would like to see it command a better price." There's also the matter of formidable takeover defenses that include a poison pill which would make a hostile acquisition prohibitively expensive.
Other Suitors May Come Forward
Oracle may not find itself alone in bidding for BEA either. "There are companies that really need what BEA has," says John Rymer, vice-president and principal analyst at Forrester (FORR). Rymer and other analysts point to likely candidates such as IBM (IBM), SAP (SAP), and Hewlett-Packard (HPQ). All three companies declined to comment on whether they would submit a bid for BEA, although an SAP spokesman said his company is focused on a competing product, called NetWeaver. "It's a huge success," says Herbert Heitmann in an e-mailed message. "Oracle's step makes only sense for someone who hasn't been able to deliver a homegrown [version of the same platform] to the market."
Besides, SAP just made a $6.8 billion bid (BusinessWeek, 10/8/07) for Business Objects (BOBJ) on Oct. 7. Rymer also sees Sun Microsystems (JAVA), Software AG, and even potentially Cisco Systems(CSCO) as possible bidders.
Even if rivals don't emerge, Oracle has cause to keep pursuing BEA. The takeover would help Oracle become an even more formidable competitor to IBM, says Yefim Natis, vice-president and distinguished analyst at Gartner (IT).
BEA's Hot Properties
Among the most attractive BEA products are ones known as jRockit, Tuxedo, and WebLogic, Natis says. JRockit makes it possible for Java operating system applications to run with increased reliability and performance. Analysts say the BEA acquisition may give Oracle greater access to the telecom and financial-services industries. "What they haven't sold is the broader middleware platform," says Bill Swanton, vice-president of research for AMR Research. Part of that middleware platform is transaction-processing software that drives many key systems for banks and telcos.
WebLogic is also used in telecommunications, helping phone companies upgrade to Internet protocol systems from outmoded systems common to traditional phone networks. "WebLogic Communications allows telecom companies to move from a switched network to IP, which they all want to do," says Forrester's Rymer. "BEA has been out there for two years, and it's a hard problem. Oracle has just started."