Malaysia's Deputy Prime Minister Najib Tun Razak last week unveiled plans to embark on an ambitious initiative to roll out high-speed broadband services across the country. The government official also revealed that incumbent fixed-line carrier Telekom Malaysia (TM) has been awarded the mega broadband project.
Targeted to cover 2.2 million premises, the project is estimated to cost 15.2 billion ringgit (US$4.46 billion) over 10 years, Najib was quoted to say in local news reports.
"We have asked the Finance Ministry to verify the figure, which includes the cost of 'last-mile' fiber, core network and [improvements to] international connectivity," Najib told local reporters.
State-owned TM has been directed to start initial work on the project, though deployment of the physical infrastructure is likely to come only six months after the partnership agreement has been signed. The government is targeting to ink the agreement as soon as possible, Najib said.
The country's deputy premier explained that the Cabinet Committee on Broadband, which he heads, chose to partner TM because the telco already owns an existing infrastructure. This, he said, would allow additional investment to be done on a lower cost basis and at a faster speed.
"We want the [new high-speed broadband] service to be rolled out quickly and in a cost-efficient manner, so that Malaysia would not be left behind in terms of competitive edge," he added.
Najib left open the possibility for other telcos to get a dip in the project, though he noted that the role of these industry players would only be determined later.
STUDYING THE COSTAccording to local reports, the government had commissioned consultant firm McKinsey & Co. to conduct a feasibility study, which estimated that an investment of 15 billion ringgit (US$4.4 billion) would be required to lay fiber-optic lines to every home in Malaysia's major urban areas. To reach every home in the country, this investment will need to increase to 53 billion ringgit (US$15.55 billion).
With the announcement last week, it appears the Malaysian government has opted for the less costly option.
The slow rollout of broadband services in recent years had forced the government to recently lower its household broadband penetration target from 75 percent to 50 percent by 2010.
Currently, only 11.7 percent or 643,500 of Malaysia's 5.5 million homes have broadband. However, these users have had to bear with poor service quality and slow speeds because existing copper telephone lines cannot support the increase in subscriber volume and bandwidth demands.
According to a recent report by RHB Research, TM cornered 96 per cent of Malaysia's broadband market last year, though its Internet business only comprised some 5 percent of its overall revenues.
Hafriz Hezry, an investment analyst with TA Securities, anticipates TM's deployment of high-speed broadband services to homes is likely to be delivered over a fiber-optic network. Currently, the bulk of TM's much-criticized broadband service Streamyx is delivered to homes via the telco's copper-based last-mile network.
"Theoretically, FTTH (fiber-to-the-home) technology has the capability to deliver [access speeds of] 100Mbps (megabits per second), but initially, I think TM is targeting to provide speeds of up to 10Mbps," said Hafriz said in an e-mail interview with ZDNet Asia. Households with broadband access currently get speeds of up to 1Mbps.
Laying a fiber-optic network may account for the high cost estimates of the project.
"Fiber optics is more costly than the existing copper infrastructure, or even last-mile WiMax solutions," Hafriz said. "For example, [WiMax licensee holder] Green Packet is [only] spending 500 million ringgit (US$146.7 million) to roll out WiMax in major towns in Peninsular Malaysia."
However, the analyst pointed out that Green Packet's capital expenditure (capex) only covers last-mile connectivity, data centers and related equipment. In comparison, he said that TM's fiber-optic network may include core network, infrastructure spending and international connectivity, resulting in a higher investment.
According to Hafriz, TM should have the financial resources to undertake the project because it will be rolled out over 10 years. "The average capex is about 1 billion ringgit (US$293.4 million) a year [and] spending is [typically] heavier during the early years of implementation." he explained. "However, the government will bear one third of the total cost of the 15.2 billion ringgit [cost estimate]."
In addition, TM would benefit from the tax incentives for capex related to last-mile broadband infrastructure announced in last month's 2008 budget, he noted.
Hafriz also said TM could eventually partner other players in the deployment of the high-speed broadband project, where a potential candidate is likely to be Time dotcom, which has an existing fiber optic-network.
He added that it was possible TM would eventually open up its last-mile infrastructure to other telcos. "Since the government will invest one third of the total capex, other players may be allowed to have access to the network," he said, noting that the project is expected to strengthen TM's virtual monopoly of the telecommunication backbone and broadband services market.