Renewed worries about subprime loans and credit markets drove stocks lower Tuesday, sending major indexes into a tailspin in the final hour of trading after they had been solidly higher for most of the session. The chief culprit was an announcement from troubled subprime lender American Home Mortgage (AHM), indicating it is unable to borrow on its credit facilities or access its warehouse financing agreements to fund its obligations. The news exacerbated concerns over the deterioration in subprime mortgages and a potential spillover of the troubles into the broader credit market.
The AHM news trumped earlier optimism prompted by strong earnings from Sun Microsystems (SUNW), General Motors (GM), and others, and a round of mostly encouraging economic reports.
Another source of agita for the markets: A sharp drop in Apple (AAPL) shares on an unconfirmed report that said the company may be cutting production of iPods and iPhones.
As if traders didn’t have enough to worry about, oil prices continued their dizzying ascent Tuesday. September West Texas Intermediate crude futures rose $1.38 to $78.21 per barrel on expectations Wednesday’s weekly U.S. petroleum data would show further declines in energy stockpiles. Some analysts say they see no reason to sell oil with potential for hurricanes approaching, according to S&P MarketScope.
On Tuesday, the Dow Jones industrial average fell 146.32 points, or 1.1%, to 13,211.99. The broader S&P 500 index shed 18.64 points, or 1.26%, to 1,481.02. The tech-heavy Nasdaq composite index was the worst performer among the major indexes, falling 37.10 points, or 1.43%, to 2,546.27, paced by the downdraft in Apple shares.
AHM plunged 90% on Tuesday to trade just above $1. Trading in the shares had been halted Monday after the company’s initial announcement that it had suspended its dividend to preserve liquidity, and much of Tuesday until the company provided an update on its liquidity. The news was not good. The company said that due to disruptions in the secondary market, it has been unable to resell many of its loans and has seen the value of assets held in its portfolio decline, generating margin calls from its lenders. The company has retained Milestone Advisors and Lazard to evaluate alternatives.
The AHM, Apple, and oil-market developments overshadowed mostly positive economic and corporate news. Leading the raft of new economic data Tuesday, U.S. personal income rose 0.4% in June as expected, while a 0.1% increase in consumption spending matched the forecast and the core PCE deflator climbed 1.9% from a year ago. The employment cost index increased 0.9% in the second quarter, vs. 0.8% in the first quarter.
The personal income report showed gains in income and spending that were largely in line with the June employment and retail sales reports, along with the big upward income revisions and lower consumption trajectory over the last three years evident in the advance second-quarter GDP report, according to Action Economics.
U.S. Chicago Purchasing Managers survey fell to 53.4 in July from 60.2 in June as activity continued to slow following a surge to the 61.7 level in May. The subcomponents of the report were mixed, however, with the employment index climbing to 61.6 from 52.7, the new orders index dropping to 53.4 from 65.7 and prices paid rising to 73.1 from 68.1. The jump in the employment statistic ahead of Friday's payroll report might be slightly negative for bonds, according to Action Economics.
The Conference Board's Consumer Confidence index rose to 112.6 in July from a downward-adjusted 105.3 in June, while construction spending slipped 0.3% in June after a 1.1% in May.
The recovery in consumer confidence to the February level, in th face of signs of a deeper-than-expected slump in the housing market and heightened credit crunch concerns, shows how resilient consumers are, the Conference Board's Ken Goldstein said on CNBC. Employment and consumer income gains remain the keys to consumer confidence levels, he added.
The S&P/Case-Shiller home price indexes released Tuesday showed prices of existing single family homes across the U.S. falling in May, the 18th consecutive slowdown since December, 2005. The 10-city composite index dropped 3.4% over last year, at levels not seen since the summer of 1991. The 20-city composite fell 2.8% from the year before, continuing the downward trend.
Among stocks on the move Tuesday, General Motors reported a second-quarter profit of $2.48 a share, compared with $2.03 a share a year ago, on a 2.2% increase in automotive revenues.
Sun Microsystems posted fiscal fourth-quarter earnings of 9 cents a share, topping analyst expectations and reversing a year-earlier loss of 9 cents. Revenue and margins also beat Street forecasts.
Marathon Oil (MRO) said it will buy Western Oil Sands for $6.2 billion and also announced a $2 billion stock buyback.
GlaxoSmithKline (GSK) said late Monday that despite increased evidence of heart attacks from its diabetes drug Avandia, an FDA advisory panel has recommended the drug should stay on the market in the U.S.
Arch Chemicals (ARJ) posted earnings of $1.41 a share, excluding one-time items, vs. $1.22 a share in the second quarter of 2006 on 2.7% higher sales. The company expects to earn between 40 and 50 cents a share in the third quarter, with full-year profit seen at $2.30 to $2.40 a share, including the expected impact of a final antidumping duty ruling.
Shares of Dow Jones & Co. (DJ), the name behind the Wall Street Journal and the Dow Jones industrial average, surged Tuesday amid unconfirmed reports the controlling Bancroft family has accepted News Corp.'s (NWS) $5.0 billion takeover offer.
European stock markets moved sharply higher on Tuesday. In London, the FTSE 100 index was up 2.48% to 6,360.1. Germany's DAX index rose 1.71% to 7,584.14. In Paris, the CAC 40 index was 1.85% higher at 5,751.08.
Asian markets traded mostly higher on Tuesday. In Japan, the Nikkei index fell 0.23% to 17,248.89. In Hong Kong, the Hang Seng index climbed 1.96% to 23,184.94. In China, the Shanghai Composite index was up 0.68% to 4,471.03.
Treasuries rose Tuesday on the back of a flight to quality as investment capital shifted out of equities, partly due to AHM's announcement that it cannot borrow on its credit facilities. The 10-year note rose 08/32 in price to 94-30/32 for a yield of 4.76%. The 30-year bond climbed 19/32 to 97-14/32 for a yield of 4.91%.