1991

Buys shipping group Delmas-Vieljeux; becomes a leader in Europe-Africa cargo.

1996

Takes control of Groupe Rivaud, which produces tropical commodities.

1997

Challenges family control of construction/telecom giant Bouygues; sells in 1998 for $210 million.

1998

Acquires stake in film producer Pathé; sells a month later for $220 million profit.

2000

Buys 31% of Rue Impériale de Lyon, part of the cascade that controls Lazard Frères. Crédit Agricole agrees to buy him out in November for $260 million.

2001

Pays $150 million for small stake in Italian investment bank Mediobanca.

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