The group, which includes more than 200 French and Malian soldiers, was deployed to a thinly populated semi-arid area near the Burkina Faso border where Flight AH5017 crashed at about 2 a.m. on July 24. The plane, carrying 110 passengers and six crew, was formally identified yesterday by the French military, which has secured the site and found one black box.
“The plane has disintegrated and we have only seen fragments and pieces of bodies,” Burkina Faso Prime Minister Luc-Adolphe Tiao told reporters in Ouagadougou, the capital, yesterday. Identifying bodies may be difficult, he said.
The loss of the plane caps a week of aviation disasters that includes the downing of a Malaysian Air Boeing Co. (BA) 777 over eastern Ukraine on July 17 following a suspected missile strike, killing all 298 people on board. On July 23, an ATR-72 turbo-prop crashed on the Penghu Islands in Taiwan, leaving 48 people dead. Recovering the wreckage may prove difficult as some of the debris is covered by rainwater, Burkinabe authorities said.
While weather may have been a factor, “it is too early to draw any conclusions,” French President Francois Hollande said at a press conference following a meeting of the inner cabinet in Paris yesterday. “There are unfortunately no survivors.”
Hollande’s cabinet will meet today at 10 a.m. local time.
According to Seyibo Zamtou, a representative of continent-wide air navigation security agency Asecna, the plane was flying at 800 kilometers an hour (500 miles) and began slowing down and losing altitude in an abnormal fall. The flight took off from Ouagadougoua and was headed to Algiers, Algeria.
“This has been a very sad week for everyone involved with aviation,” International Air Transport Association Chief Executive Officer Tony Tyler said in a statement. The Air Algerie incident takes the potential 2014 death toll to 680 travelers, higher than the 12-month totals for the past three years, according to air-safety consultants Ascend Worldwide.
The site of the crash is about 80 kilometers from the Mali town of Gossi, and accessing the area can take as long as six hours because of the rugged terrain and adverse weather conditions, according to French Defense Minister Jean-Yves Le Drian.
“There are lots of flooded areas during the rainy season now,” Mohamed El Moktar Ag Mahamoud, adviser to the Gossi city council, said by phone yesterday. “Plus there are criminals hiding with weapons in the bush.”
Some 54 French citizens were aboard the Air Algerie plane, according to the government. Communications Minister Alain Edouard Traore said 28 Burkina Faso citizens were on board, and declared a national mourning. Other passengers include eight people from Lebanon, six Algerians, five Canadians and four Germans. Two citizens of Luxembourg were also on board, according to the country’s Foreign Ministry.
The aircraft asked the control tower in Niamey, Niger, to divert because of a storm about 40 minutes after taking off, said Youssouf Ouedraogo, the Burkina Faso foreign minister, without saying where he got the information. Amidou Zerbo, a forecaster at the Ouagadougou airport, said the zone was stormy when the plane crashed and “dangerous from an aeronautic point of view” because of the rainy season.
Burkina Faso, Niger and Mali share a border in the southern Sahel, a semi-arid zone below the Sahara desert that is sparsely populated and with few roads. The Sahel stretches more than 5,400 kilometers across Africa from Senegal in the west to Sudan in the east.
MD-83 planes belong to a family of twin-engine, short- to medium-range, single-aisle commercial airliners that were introduced in 1980. They were built by McDonnell Douglas Corp., acquired by Boeing Co. in 1997. The Swiftair MD-83 was built in 1996 and equipped with two Pratt & Whitney JT8D-219 PW engines.
Other incidents involving the model include the loss of an Alaska Airlines flight over the Pacific ocean in 2000, caused by inadequate maintenance, which killed all 88 people on board. In 2012, a Dana Airlines flight from the Nigerian capital, Abuja, crashed into the heavily populated Agege suburb of Lagos killing 153 people on board and 10 on the ground.