Belgium Sees Terror Motive in Jewish Museum Killings

Photographer: Anthony Dehez/AFP/Getty Images

A boy stands with flowers in front of an Israeli flag and flowers laid in front of the Jewish Museum in Brussels. Close

A boy stands with flowers in front of an Israeli flag and flowers laid in front of the... Read More

Photographer: Anthony Dehez/AFP/Getty Images

A boy stands with flowers in front of an Israeli flag and flowers laid in front of the Jewish Museum in Brussels.

Terrorism was the likely motive for a deadly attack at the Jewish Museum of Belgium in Brussels, government authorities said, as the country appealed for international support in the manhunt for the assailant.

“The analysis of the first images shows a person who seems cold-blooded and apparently determined” in the killing spree that lasted less than 90 seconds, Wenke Roggen, a spokeswoman for Belgium’s federal prosecutor’s office, said yesterday in Brussels. “This combined with the fact that the shots were fired inside the Jewish Museum makes us believe that the crimes were committed with a terrorist motive.”

The government raised the threat level at Jewish sites across the nation after the shooting attack on May 24 left three people dead and another fighting for his life. Two Israelis and one French citizen were killed in the attack and a Belgian man was critically injured.

Investigators on May 25 released video footage showing the killer entering the building, pulling a Kalashnikov-type assault rifle from a bag, firing it and then leaving on foot. The federal police posted the tape, along with two shorter videos of the man outside the museum, on the Internet and called on the public to help find the attacker.

Roggen said investigators, who had no new information to disclose on the identity or nationality of the gunman yesterday, “are not excluding any possibility.” The attacker “could be anyone at this point,” she said.

Terrorist Crimes

An “additional investigating magistrate specialized in terrorist crimes has been designated to assist” the probe, Roggen said.

The fourth victim remains in “very critical condition,” Ine Van Wymersch, an official in the Brussels prosecutor’s office, said yesterday.

The bodies of the Israeli couple killed in the attack, Emanuel and Mira Riva, were flown back to their country for burial today. The Haaretz newspaper reported today that Emanuel Riva worked as an accountant for Nativ, an Israeli government agency that works to encourage immigration of Russian Jews from the former Soviet Union, sometimes clandestinely. His wife worked as an accountant for another unidentified government agency, Haaretz said, in the past working “at one of the agency’s missions in Europe.”

Targeted Assault?

“It’s possible that the murder in Brussels was not a hate crime or an anti-Semitic attack, but a targeted assault,” wrote Amir Oren, Haaretz’s reporter on intelligence affairs. “This possibility is strengthened by the video of the killer’s actions. He was caught by the cameras looking like a professional, as if this was a settling of scores. Not the assassination of accountants, but a battle in a covert war, though perhaps there was a misidentification of the intended victims.”

The museum, located in the Sablon area of the Belgian capital, will reopen at noon today, according to its website.

Israel’s ambassador to Belgium, Jacques Revah, called the extra security at Jewish sites a “sad necessity,” saying the shooting shows “there is a risk that these institutions could be attacked.” While Belgian authorities haven’t confirmed that the killings were antisemitic, “the place chosen, the people chosen, the modus operandi chosen; all that indicates that it wasn’t by chance that it happened at that place,” Revah said in an interview on Sunday at the Israeli embassy in Brussels.

Surveillance Cameras

“Several thousand images of surveillance cameras have been seized and are being analyzed at this moment,” Roggen said. “All our national and international partners have been asked to gather and share any available information that may be related to these crimes.”

Israeli Prime Minister Benjamin Netanyahu said on Saturday that “this act of murder is the result of constant incitement against Jews and their state.” French President Francois Hollande condemned “the terrible massacre” in Brussels, extending “France’s full solidarity to the Belgian people in this ordeal.”

Belgian Prime Minister Elio Di Rupo spoke by telephone with Netanyahu and Hollande and expressed his condolences on behalf of the Belgian government, according to the prime minister’s office. “Everything is being done” to hunt down the culprit, Di Rupo said on Saturday.

“Clearly when there are murders inside a Jewish museum, you ask yourself if it was an antisemitic attack,” said Belgian Foreign Minister Didier Reynders, who was near the museum at the time of the shooting and was among the first to arrive on the scene. “But wait until we have caught the culprit or culprits and we can be sure.”

To contact the reporters on this story: Jim Brunsden in Brussels at; Andrew Clapham in Brussels at

To contact the editors responsible for this story: Edward Evans at Amy Teibel, Mark Williams

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