Armstrong was stripped of his seven Tour de France titles after a drug investigation by USADA. Today the organization said an independent panel found Bruyneel was “at the apex of a conspiracy to commit widespread doping on the USPS (U.S. Postal Service) and Discovery Channel teams spanning many years and many riders.”
Team doctor Pedro Celaya and trainer Jose “Pepe” Martí were also found to have committed “multiple anti-doping rule violations over many years.” The two men were each banned for eight years.
Previously doctors Michele Ferrari and Luis Garcia del Moral had received lifetime suspensions for their part in the case.
Bruyneel and Marti refused to testify at the panel’s four-day hearing in London in December 2013, USADA said. Celaya did testify before the panel and was subject to cross-examination, USADA said. The panel concluded he was not “a credible witness in this case,” USADA said.
In January, cycling’s ruling body said it’s prepared to spend 3 million Swiss francs ($3.4 million) on an inquiry into how it oversaw doping controls during Armstrong’s career.
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