Sovereign Debt Ratings Fall Short of EU Standards, ESMA Says

The European Union regulator that oversees Moody’s Investors Services, Standard & Poor’s and Fitch Ratings said credit-rating companies aren’t meeting standards when they grade sovereign debt.

The European Securities and Markets Authority said firms failed to keep ratings decisions secret before publishing them, breached guidelines on conflicts of interest and gave too much responsibility to junior staff members when deciding on the creditworthiness of Europe’s governments, the Paris-based agency said in an e-mailed statement today.

“The focus on the sovereign-rating process in this investigation stems from their increased volatility over the past few years, the importance of sovereign ratings from a credit market and financial stability perspective,” Steven Maijoor, ESMA’s chairman, said in the statement.

ESMA, which hasn’t fined a credit-rating firm since it was created in 2011, said in March that the methodology the firms used to evaluate EU banks wasn’t accurate. Investors are becoming increasingly indifferent to ratings; French bonds and U.S. Treasuries both made gains after the countries were stripped of their AAA levels.

The Netherlands had its AAA grade cut last week by Standard & Poor’s, which cited a weaker outlook for the fifth-biggest economy in the euro area. Among euro-area nations, Germany, Finland and Luxembourg still hold AAA ratings at S&P. The Netherlands retains the top rating at Moody’s and Fitch.

Moody’s, S&P and Fitch registered with ESMA in 2011, becoming directly supervised by a single EU regulator for the first time. The findings come from a six-month investigation, which may result in fines if the firms don’t improve, ESMA said.

The regulator found “several instances of disclosure of upcoming rating actions to an unauthorized third party.” This happened “before publication and, in some cases, before the rating committee had taken place,” ESMA said.

To contact the reporter on this story: Ben Moshinsky in London at

To contact the editor responsible for this story: Anthony Aarons at

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