Juan Orlando Hernandez, a lawyer and former head of Congress, is leading the presidential election in Honduras over the wife of ousted former President Manuel Zelaya, with both candidates claiming victory.
With 54 percent of precincts reporting, the ruling National Party’s Hernandez had about 34 percent of the votes cast in yesterday’s election, compared with 29 percent for Xiomara Castro, the country’s electoral tribunal said last night in its final update of the evening. There is no second round vote in Honduras, so whoever gets the most votes wins. The head of the European Union’s observer mission said voting was “peaceful and transparent” amid record turnout.
During the campaign, Hernandez and Castro vowed to address crime fueled by drug gangs that have made Honduras the most violent nation in the world, according to the United Nations. Castro, whose husband was forced out of the country at gunpoint in 2009, was also seeking to break a century-long hold on the presidential palace by the country’s two traditional parties. Hernandez, 45, said people wanted to move on from the coup.
“The Honduran people voted to leave the 2009 crisis, the worst Honduras has ever had, behind,” Hernandez told supporters in the capital, Tegucigalpa, yesterday. He vowed to use the military to “regain peace and calm” in the country.
More results will be available today, the electoral tribunal said, without giving further details.
Investors wary of Zelaya’s former alliance with late Venezuelan President Hugo Chavez have fueled a rally in Honduran bonds since September, when polls started showing Hernandez gaining on Castro, who led earlier this year.
Honduras’s dollar bonds have returned 2.5 percent this month, compared with a 2.9 percent decline in Latin American debt over the same period, according to JPMorgan Chase & Co.’s EMBIG index.
Before the partial official results were announced, Castro claimed a “decisive and irreversible” victory at a rally with supporters, saying she had 29 percent of the vote. During the campaign, she criticized President Porfirio Lobo’s efforts to deploy more military police to the streets to curtail violence, saying escalating crime in the country of 8.3 million people showed that the government’s policies were ineffective.
Bordered by Nicaragua, El Salvador and Guatemala, Honduras has a murder rate of more than 80 per 100,000 inhabitants, the highest in the world, according to the UN. The U.S. State Department estimated that last year about 90 percent of all cocaine smuggling flights departing South America for the U.S. first land in Honduras, where illegal airstrips abound in poorly patrolled parts of the country.
Report of Violence
Five people were killed near a polling site in the eastern La Mosquitia region yesterday before voting began, according to newspaper El Heraldo.
The government said it would deploy 14,000 soldiers and police to safeguard the election, while about 800 international observers were monitoring the vote. Lobo was barred from seeking re-election.
Economic growth in the $19 billion economy has slowed to an average 3.2 percent per year since the 2009 coup, compared with a 5.7 percent average in the four years before, according to the International Monetary Fund.
The polarization in the country since the coup means “it’s going to be difficult for whoever wins to govern,” said Geoff Thale, director of the Washington Office on Latin America.