Buyers of coffee from Indonesia, the third-largest robusta grower, are paying a smaller premium for their beans as exporters sell on concern a record crop in Vietnam will lead to lower prices, according to Volcafe Ltd.
Indonesian beans for shipment in November and December were last week trading at a premium of $160 a metric ton to the price on the NYSE Liffe exchange in London, the Winterthur, Switzerland-based unit of commodities trader ED&F Man Holdings Ltd. said in a report e-mailed on Nov. 1. That compares with $170 a week earlier, data from the trader showed.
“The drop in Indonesian premiums to below last week’s levels suggests wary exporters want to sell before London futures fall again due to a record crop in Vietnam,” according to Volcafe.
Vietnam, the world’s leading producer of the robusta variety used in instant drinks and espresso, will harvest a record 29 million bags of coffee in the 2013-14 season that started last month, estimates Kona Haque, an analyst at Macquarie Group Ltd. Futures in London fell 22 percent this year as traders anticipated ample Vietnamese supplies. A bag of coffee usually weighs 60 kilograms (132 pounds).
Indonesia is selling its 2013-14 crop that started there in April. Bean deliveries from farms were about 500 tons to 1,000 tons last week, according to the report. That’s down from 2,000 tons a week earlier, data from the trader showed. Local prices were last week at 16,500 rupiah ($1.45) to 17,800 rupiah a kilogram (2.2 pounds) compared with 18,000 to 19,500 rupiah in the previous seven-day period, according to Volcafe.
In Vietnam, the new crop started one-to-two weeks earlier than usual, the trader said. Farmers are rushing their harvesting, “with watchful eyes on Liffe,” the trader said. Local prices were at 30,200 dong ($1.43) a kilogram on Nov. 1, the lowest since 2010, according to data from the Daklak Trade & Tourism Center on Bloomberg.
The export market “moves slowly, most are short-covering for nearby shipments,” Volcafe wrote. While differentials are “historically firm,” harvest peak pressure “may oil the wheels a bit in early December,” according to the trader. Differentials refer to a discount obtained or a premium paid for physical coffee in relation to futures prices.
Vietnamese beans for shipment in November and December were last week at a premium of $60 a ton to the futures, according to the report. That compares with $50 a ton a week earlier. Robusta coffee futures gained 0.8 percent to $1,501 a ton by 4:12 p.m. in London.
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