Ethanol’s discount to gasoline swelled on speculation the corn harvest will lower costs to make the biofuel and boost supply.
The spread, or price difference, expanded 8.57 cents to $1.0073 a gallon at 11:27 a.m. New York time as corn prices declined and a day after the corn crush spread, or the difference between the cost of the grain and a gallon of ethanol, reached the highest level this year, data compiled by Bloomberg show.
“That October ethanol contract is just getting hammered,” said Will Babler, a broker at Atten Babler Risk Management LLC in Galena, Illinois. “Today is brutal. The risk-premium is blowing out of the market. We’re seeing a good Southern harvest.”
Denatured ethanol for October delivery fell 8.9 cents, or 3.9 percent, to $1.854 a gallon on the Chicago Board of Trade. The September contract, which expires tomorrow, fell 3.5 cents to $2.445.
Gasoline for October delivery decreased 0.33 cent to $2.8613 a gallon on the New York Mercantile Exchange. The contract covers reformulated gasoline, made to be blended with ethanol before delivery to filling stations.
Ethanol is made from corn in the U.S. Production of the grain will raise to 13.676 billion bushels this year from 10.78 billion last year, Allendale Inc., a McHenry, Illinois-based research company and broker said today in a statement, citing a survey of farmers from Aug. 19 through Aug. 30.
Corn for December delivery slumped 6.5 cents, or 1.4 percent, to $4.6875 a bushel in Chicago. September corn slumped 7 cents to $4.91.
The corn crush spread, based on September contracts, was 65.86 cents, down from 66.91 cents yesterday, data compiled by Bloomberg show. The spread for December is minus 5 cents, and every month through July 2016 also shows a loss from making the biofuel.
Refiners are required to use 13.8 billion gallons of ethanol this year. Each batch of ethanol is attached a Renewable Identification Number, or RIN, to help the government track compliance and that can be traded among companies.
Corn-based ethanol RINs climbed 1 cent to 72 cents, data compiled by Bloomberg show. Advanced RINs, which cover biodiesel and Brazilian sugarcane-based ethanol, added 2 cents to 76 cents yesterday.
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