It was supposed to be an easy victory for the British. To defeat the scrappy American rebels, they had a professional army, a large navy, experienced officers, ready credit and a booming economy.
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Instead, on the morning of Oct. 17, 1781, in Yorktown, Virginia, a red-coated drummer mounted the parapet, followed by an officer holding up a white handkerchief.
The Revolutionary War was essentially over. As the humiliated British troops marched to the surrender field to throw down their arms, some were totally enraged, some cried openly. Many were already drunk.
One South Carolina observer felt so sorry for them he briefly forgot their “insolence, their depredations and cruelty.”
I spoke with Andrew Jackson O’Shaughnessy, author of “The Men Who Lost America,” on the following topics:
1. Distant War.
2. No Occupation Army.
3. Provisioning Troops.
4. Professional Arrogance.
5. War’s Ironies.
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(Lewis Lapham is the founder of Lapham’s Quarterly and the former editor of Harper’s magazine. He hosts “The World in Time” interview series for Bloomberg News.)
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