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Photographer: Chris Ratcliffe/Bloomberg

A stockbroker gestures while monitoring financial data on his computer screens at a brokerage in London. Close

A stockbroker gestures while monitoring financial data on his computer screens at a brokerage in London.

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Photographer: Chris Ratcliffe/Bloomberg

A stockbroker gestures while monitoring financial data on his computer screens at a brokerage in London.

U.S. stocks recovered from early losses for a second day as investors weighed prospects of economic growth with concern the Federal Reserve will reduce stimulus efforts. Japanese shares rebounded from their largest drop since 2011, while commodities fell for a fourth day.

The Standard & Poor’s 500 Index (SPX) slipped less than 0.1 percent to 1,649.6 at 4 p.m. in New York, paring a 0.8 percent loss, and the Dow Jones Industrial Average recovered from a 95-point loss to close up 8.6 points at 15,303.1. Japan’s Topix Index (TPX) closed 0.5 percent higher after a 6.9 percent plunge yesterday. The euro was little changed at $1.2935 after gaining 0.5 percent earlier. Coffee, soybeans and cocoa lost more than 1.5 percent to lead the S&P GSCI Index (BUX) of commodities to a three-week low.

Bookings for U.S. durable goods increased 3.3 percent last month, pointing to gains in business activity that will help manufacturing rebound in the second half of the year. In Germany, the Ifo institute’s business-climate index increased for the first time in three months, exceeding forecasts. Bank of Japan Governor Haruhiko Kuroda said he has done enough to stimulate the economy and has no target for the nation’s stocks or currency.

“The markets got spooked at the thought the Fed might taper off QE sooner rather than later,” Michelle Clayman, chief investment officer at New Amsterdam Partners in New York, which manages $2.6 billion, said in a phone interview. “Yet if you look at what the Fed said, that’d happen because the state of the world will be better.”

Weekly Slump

About 11 stocks retreated for every 10 that rose in the U.S. Volume of S&P 500 stocks was 23 percent below the 30-day average before markets close on May 27 for the Memorial Day holiday. The S&P 500 capped a weekly loss of 1.1 percent, its first in more than a month, and trimmed its 2013 gain to 15.7 percent.

Energy, telephone and utility companies led losses in eight of the 10 main industry groups in the S&P 500 today, while consumer-staples and financial shares advanced. Gap Inc. retreated 1.7 percent after the retailer forecast annual profit that fell short of analysts’ estimates.

Abercrombie & Fitch Co. slumped 8 percent after reducing its profit forecast for this financial year to a range of $3.15 to $3.25. It had predicted earnings per share of $3.35 to $3.45. Sears Holdings Corp. plunged 14 percent, the most since November, as the department-store retailer posted a quarterly loss. “Our recent financial performance has not been acceptable,” Chief Executive Officer Edward Lampert said in a statement.

Dow Recovers

The Dow closed higher as Procter & Gamble Co. rose 4 percent to lead gains after the world’s largest consumer-products maker said it will replace Chief Executive Officer Bob McDonald with his predecessor, A.G. Lafley, as it struggles to rekindle growth.

Investors trying to explain the resilience of American equities during a global selloff may want to consider the pace that companies are repurchasing shares.

About 79 percent of buyback orders at Goldman Sachs Group Inc.’s corporate trading desk were active yesterday, the most this year, according to a note to clients obtained by Bloomberg News. Companies stepped up purchases as the S&P 500 fell as much as 3 percent from an intraday record reached May 22.

The buybacks may have limited losses in American equities after shares in Japan fell the most in two years and stock markets from London to Paris and Frankfurt saw declines of more than 2 percent. The S&P 500 closed yesterday down 0.3 percent after losing as much as 1.2 percent.

Buying Dips

“The overall buy-the-dip mentality is very, very prevalent,” Jim Welsh, who helps oversee $6 billion at Forward Management LLC in San Francisco, said in a phone interview. “When you have corporate buybacks, it’s kind of like a support underneath the market.”

The Stoxx 600 slipped for a second day following a 2.1 percent plunge yesterday, its worst in 10 months.

Raiffeisen Bank International AG dropped 2.1 percent after Herbert Stepic offered to resign as chief executive officer. The lender, the second-largest in eastern Europe, began an internal review of Stepic’s offshore accounts yesterday. Austria’s financial-markets regulator has requested information.

The yield on Italian 10-year debt rose 11 basis points to 4.14 percent, while Spanish rates jumped 13 basis points to 4.42 percent.

The yen strengthened against all 16 major peers after Kuroda’s remarks.

Yen Slump

Japan’s currency has slumped 11 percent this year, for the worst performance among 10 developed-nation currencies tracked by Bloomberg Correlation-Weighted Indexes. The BOJ said on April 4 that it would double the country’s monetary base by the end of 2014 in an attempt to end deflation. The euro has risen 2.7 percent this year, and the dollar has strengthened 5.1 percent.

Australia’s dollar fell 1.1 percent to 96.42 U.S. cents, heading for a third weekly drop. New Zealand’s currency slid 0.7 percent to 80.81 U.S. cents after a government report showed the nation’s trade surplus for April was smaller than economists had estimated.

The MSCI Emerging Markets Index swung between gains and losses. Lenovo Group Ltd. climbed 3.8 percent in Hong Kong after saying that its cash reserves of more than $3 billion enable it to pursue acquisitions to expand into new business areas. Hungary’s benchmark BUX Index increased 1. percent, while Brazil’s Ibovespa was little changed.

Coffee tumbled to the lowest in more than three years, with Arabica futures for July losing 2.2 percent to $1.2725 a pound, as inventories climbed in Europe and the U.S., the world’s leading consumers, fueling concern that supplies will overwhelm demand. Soybeans fell the most in three weeks, losing 1.6 percent, as the highest prices this year prompted U.S. farmers to boost sales and processors offered smaller premiums for deliveries. Wheat futures also slid while corn rose.

Oil for July delivery decreased 10 cents to $94.15 a barrel on the New York Mercantile Exchange, the lowest settlement since May 2. Gold futures for June delivery fell 0.4 percent to settle at $1,386.60 an ounce.

To contact the reporters on this story: Will Hadfield in London at whadfield@bloomberg.net; Lu Wang in New York at lwang8@bloomberg.net

To contact the editor responsible for this story: Lynn Thomasson at lthomasson@bloomberg.net

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