The company cited assets of $12 million and liabilities of $351 million in the court filing.
Geokinetics, based in Houston, said in January that it reached an agreement with holders of more than 70 percent of secured notes, under which the noteholders would convert $300 million of debt to equity.
According to the accord, unsecured creditors would be paid in full through confirmation of a bankruptcy reorganization plan that was to be voted on or agreed to before the filing of a Chapter 11 petition.
Geokinetics missed a $14.6 million interest payment due Dec. 15 on the secured notes.
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