Kingfisher Airlines Risks License as Regulator Acts on Lockout

India’s aviation regulator asked Kingfisher (KAIR) Airlines Ltd. why its license shouldn’t be canceled or suspended after the cash-strapped carrier extended a shutdown following a strike.

Kingfisher hasn’t come up with an operational plan, the Directorate General of Civil Aviation said yesterday in a statement. The carrier had assured the regulator that flights would be resumed by yesterday and now says it will take another week.

The airline will send a response to the regulator “well in time” to meet a 15-day deadline, Prakash Mirpuri, spokesman for Kingfisher, said in an e-mail. “We will also submit a comprehensive plan for restoration of services after negotiations with our employees.”

The latest move by authorities adds pressure on Chairman Vijay Mallya as he seeks investments to avert the collapse of an airline struggling with 86 billion rupees ($1.6 billion) of debt and years of losses. The Bangalore-based carrier on Oct. 4 extended the suspension of flights through Oct. 12 after locking out employees who were protesting about not being paid.

Kingfisher said Oct. 1 that it would stop flights through Oct. 4 after some employees failed to come to work. A group of pilots and engineers said in Mumbai on Oct. 3 after a meeting with managers that they would resume service only after seven months of salary is paid.

Kingfisher Chief Executive Officer Sanjay Aggarwal asked for 10 days to pay March salaries and didn’t give a timeframe for settling subsequent months, according to Vikrant Patkar, a Kingfisher captain who said he represents 250 pilots and 270 engineers.

Safety Standards

The regulator isn’t satisfied with the carrier’s safety standards following the delayed salaries and strike, Aviation Minister Ajit Singh said in an interview yesterday. The directorate can cancel or suspend the permit of an airline if it isn’t convinced of the carrier’s ability to ensure safety, according to the statement.

Kingfisher defaulted on loan and interest payments on several occasions in the year ended March 31, the company’s auditor said in the annual report. The carrier had also delayed payments to banks, airports, tax authorities and fuel suppliers.

Mallya has said he is in discussions with overseas airlines to sell a stake in Kingfisher, after India’s government last month eased investment rules. The billionaire is also in talks to sell a stake in United Spirits Ltd. (UNSP), the largest distiller in India, to Diageo Plc. (DGE)

Kingfisher’s founders have contributed 11.5 billion rupees since April 1, Mallya told shareholders on Sept. 26. He also gave personal guarantees totaling 59 billion rupees for loans taken by Kingfisher, according to the annual report. It didn’t give the terms for the guarantees. Assets worth 89 billion rupees, including brand, planes and office furniture, have also been pledged to back the airline’s loans.

Share Performance

The carrier fell by the daily limit of about 5 percent for the fifth straight day yesterday to 13.25 rupees. The stock has dropped 37 percent this year. Shares of Jet Airways (India) Ltd., the nation’s largest listed carrier, and budget operator SpiceJet (SJET) Ltd. have more than doubled this year.

Kingfisher has 10 planes, comprising seven Airbus SAS A320s and three Avions de Transport Regional turboprop aircraft, Arun Mishra, India’s director general of civil aviation, said Oct. 2. It has enough staff for 60 planes, he said. The number of employees at the carrier fell to 5,696 in the year ended March 31 from 7,317 a year earlier, according to the annual report.

Bharath Raghavan, company secretary of Kingfisher, resigned effective Sept. 30.

Kingfisher, named after Mallya’s flagship beer brand, has slumped to sixth from second in terms of domestic market share after paring services and losing passengers. It had a 3.2 percent share in August, the lowest among six carriers.

The airline has a long-term debt-to-total capital ratio of 162 percent, according to data compiled by Bloomberg. That compares with 58 percent at Jet Airways and 76 percent at SpiceJet.

To contact the reporter on this story: Karthikeyan Sundaram in New Delhi at

To contact the editor responsible for this story: Neil Denslow at

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