Sugar Traders Are Most Bearish Since April: Commodities

Sugar traders are the most bearish in three months on speculation that drier weather will accelerate harvesting in Brazil, the world’s largest producer.

Ten of 16 analysts surveyed by Bloomberg said they expect raw sugar to drop next week and three were bullish. A further three were neutral, making the proportion of bears the highest since April 13. Sugar output in Brazil’s center south, the biggest producing region, rose 2 percent in the first half of this month, industry group Unica said July 25. Cane-growing areas will be mostly dry through the start of August, according Somar Meteorologia, a Sao Paulo-based weather forecaster.

Prices rebounded from a 21-month low last month and entered a bull market on July 9 after rain in May and June delayed Brazil’s harvesting and exports. Sugar is now poised for its worst weekly performance since March as the drier weather eased concern about the crop and refocused attention on the prospects for a glut. Czarnikow Group Ltd., which traded the commodity in 90 countries last year, is forecasting a second consecutive surplus in the season that starts Oct. 1.

“The harvest in Brazil is catching up and that is a good bearish signal for the market,” said Jonathan Bouchet, a trader at Boman Capital SA, a Geneva-based hedge fund. “The weather in South America at the moment is adequate to harvest and ship, which will increase supplies and keep pressure on prices.”

Standard & Poor’s

While raw sugar rose as much as 27 percent since June 4 on the ICE Futures U.S. exchange, futures are still 3.8 percent lower for the year at 22.41 cents a pound. The Standard & Poor’s GSCI gauge of 24 commodities fell 0.7 percent and the MSCI All- Country World Index (MXWD) of equities gained 4.9 percent. Treasuries returned 3.1 percent, a Bank of America Corp. index shows.

Sugar also jumped in the past several weeks as India’s monsoon, which brings 70 percent of the country’s rain, was 22 percent less than average in the June 1-July 23 period, according to the national weather office. The monsoon deficit will probably narrow, the India Meteorological Department’s Director General L.S. Rathore said yesterday. India is the world’s second-biggest sugar producer.

Rains that delayed the harvest in Australia are ending, and should allow mills in the Burdekin area, accounting for 40 percent of the country’s sugar output, to re-open by early next week, Australia & New Zealand Banking Group Ltd. said in a report yesterday. Australia is the third-biggest exporter.

Weather Patterns

Thailand, the second-biggest exporter, had 50 percent to 75 percent of its normal precipitation this month, according to Falls Church, Virginia-based Computer Sciences Corp., which provides services including tracking weather patterns using satellite data. That may ease as tropical storm Vicente brings more rain this week, the Thai Meteorological Department said July 24.

Global sugar stockpiles will reach a four-year high of 31.6 million metric tons by the end of the 2011-12 season and climb another 4.7 percent in the following year, according to the U.S. Department of Agriculture.

The commodity slumped 38 percent since reaching a 30-year high of 36.08 cents in February 2011 as farmers from Thailand to Brazil planted more cane and beets. Global output will exceed demand by 8.4 million tons in the 2012-13 season, according to Czarnikow, which had sales exceeding $3 billion in physical trading last year. Production in Brazil’s center south from July 1 to 15 rose to 2.64 million tons, Unica said.

China Imports

The changing weather in Brazil has yet to be reflected in speculative wagers in U.S. futures markets. Hedge funds and other money managers increased bets on a price rally in the six weeks ended July 17, U.S. Commodity Futures Trading Commission data show. They held a net-long position of 109,518 U.S. futures and options, the most since April 3.

China, the third-biggest user after India and the European Union, imported about 2.7 million tons from the start of the season in October through June, from 910,000 tons a year earlier, customs data show. The nation will import 3.1 million tons in 2011-12, the International Sugar Organization estimates.

Worldwide purchases may climb even with mounting concern that global growth is faltering. Consumption expanded every year since 1995, USDA data show. Reports showed this week the U.K. economy shrank the most in three years last quarter, German business confidence declined more than forecast and U.S. new- house sales unexpectedly fell last month.

U.S. Drought

In other commodities, 17 of 26 people surveyed anticipate higher corn prices next week and three said the grain will decline, while 16 of 26 said soybeans will rally and four expected lower prices. Traders are bullish for a 14th week after the worst U.S. drought in more than a half century hurt crops and drove prices to a record July 23.

The USDA has declared 44 percent of U.S. counties as disaster areas because of drought, and the agency cut its forecasts for domestic corn and soybean production July 11. Corn rose 22 percent to $7.8875 a bushel this year as soybeans jumped 33 percent to $16.075 a bushel.

Fifteen of 30 traders and analysts surveyed expect gold to climb next week and six were neutral. Futures on the Comex exchange in New York are up 3.5 percent since the start of January at $1,622.10 an ounce. Holdings in bullion-backed exchange-traded products are about 0.7 percent below the record 2,413.6 tons set July 5, data compiled by Bloomberg show.

Ten of 20 people surveyed said copper will rise next week and six predicted declines. The metal for delivery in three months, the London Metal Exchange’s benchmark contract, slipped 0.4 percent this year to $7,566.75 a ton.

Global Growth

The S&P GSCI gauge of commodities dropped 2.2 percent since reaching an 11-week high on July 19. Growth in China, the biggest consumer of everything from copper to soybeans, slowed for a sixth consecutive quarter, the government said July 13. The global economy will expand 3.5 percent this year, from 3.9 percent in 2011, the International Monetary Fund estimates.

“Global growth is still enough to see an increase in demand, but it’s going to be pretty modest,” said Robin Bhar, an analyst at Societe Generale SA in London. “For commodities, the big factor has to be for less uncertainty and more clarity on China.”

Gold survey results: Bullish: 15 Bearish: 9 Hold: 6
Copper survey results: Bullish: 10 Bearish: 6 Hold: 4
Corn survey results: Bullish: 17 Bearish: 3 Hold: 6
Soybean survey results: Bullish: 16 Bearish: 4 Hold: 6
Raw sugar survey results: Bullish: 3 Bearish: 10 Hold: 3
White sugar survey results: Bullish: 5 Bearish: 7 Hold: 4
White sugar premium results: Widen: 8 Narrow: 2 Neutral: 6

To contact the reporters on this story: Nicholas Larkin in London at nlarkin1@bloomberg.net; Isis Almeida in London at ialmeida3@bloomberg.net

To contact the editor responsible for this story: Claudia Carpenter at ccarpenter2@bloomberg.net

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