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Big Cats Face Poachers, Safari Hunters, Coming Extinction

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Source: Caroline Graham/C4 Global Communications via Bloomberg

Dereck and Beverly Joubert, in the midst of filming their documentary, "The Last Lions," which was released February 2011. The Jouberts' next film, "The Unlikely Leopard," will be released on July 15th.

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Source: Caroline Graham/C4 Global Communications via Bloomberg

Dereck and Beverly Joubert, in the midst of filming their documentary, "The Last Lions," which was released February 2011. The Jouberts' next film, "The Unlikely Leopard," will be released on July 15th. Close

Dereck and Beverly Joubert, in the midst of filming their documentary, "The Last Lions," which was released February... Read More

Source: Caroline Graham/C4 Global Communications via Bloomberg

The Jouberts on the African plain. They wake up at around 3:30 a.m. every day, and return to camp at around 8 p.m. Close

The Jouberts on the African plain. They wake up at around 3:30 a.m. every day, and return to camp at around 8 p.m.

Source: Caroline Graham/C4 Global Communications via Bloomberg

The Jouberts crossing a river on the African plain. Their Toyota Landcruiser is specially modified for safari travel. Close

The Jouberts crossing a river on the African plain. Their Toyota Landcruiser is specially modified for safari travel.

Photographer: Beverly Joubert/Caroline Graham/C4 Global Communications via Bloomberg

Dereck Joubert and company in a tent at the Joubert's Zarafa Camp in Botswana, where visitors go on luxury safaris. A stay at the camp is $1,600 per night. Close

Dereck Joubert and company in a tent at the Joubert's Zarafa Camp in Botswana, where visitors go on luxury safaris. A... Read More

Source: Caroline Graham/C4 Global Communications via Bloomberg

An outdoor bedroom at the Joubert's Ol Donyo lodge in Kenya. The Joubert's company, Great Plains Conservation, has over 1.5 million acres of land under its protection. Close

An outdoor bedroom at the Joubert's Ol Donyo lodge in Kenya. The Joubert's company, Great Plains Conservation, has... Read More

Photographer: Beverly Joubert/Caroline Graham/C4 Communications

A herd of elephants near the Duba Plains camp in Botswana. The camp sits on a private, 77,000 acre reserve. Close

A herd of elephants near the Duba Plains camp in Botswana. The camp sits on a private, 77,000 acre reserve.

Source: Caroline Graham/C4 Communications

Elephants in front of the Ol Donyo lodge in Kenya. The Jouberts aim to have over 7 million acres of land conserved in the next 5 years. Close

Elephants in front of the Ol Donyo lodge in Kenya. The Jouberts aim to have over 7 million acres of land conserved in the next 5 years.

Source: Caroline Graham/C4 Communications via Bloomberg

A still from the Jouberts' upcoming film, "The Unlikely Leopard." The premiere of the film will be released by National Geographic WILD TV on July 15, 2012, 9 p.m. Eastern Standard Time. Close

A still from the Jouberts' upcoming film, "The Unlikely Leopard." The premiere of the film will be released by... Read More

Photographer: Beverly Joubert/Caroline Graham/C4 Communications

A leopard with its kill in a still from "The Unlikely Leopard." The film took 3 years to shoot. Close

A leopard with its kill in a still from "The Unlikely Leopard." The film took 3 years to shoot.

Source: Caroline Graham/C4 Communications via Bloomberg

A hippopotamus in a marsh outside of the Jouberts' Selinda Camp in northern Botswana. The camp sits on a 320,000 acre reserve. Close

A hippopotamus in a marsh outside of the Jouberts' Selinda Camp in northern Botswana. The camp sits on a 320,000 acre reserve.

Lucky Dereck Joubert points to the place on his hand where a boomslang snake bit him four months ago.

Normally the green boomslang wins these encounters.

“It’s a very deadly snake,” notes wife Beverly, like Dereck now a citizen of Botswana.

The Jouberts are both National Geographic Explorers in Residence, a designation that recognizes their conservation efforts, especially their fight on behalf of Africa’s big cats.

They’re being murdered at a rapid rate.

We spoke in Bloomberg’s New York offices about the big cats and Beverly Joubert’s photography exhibition, “The Wild Supreme” in New York.

Tarmy: Why focus your conservation efforts on lions?

Dereck Joubert: They’re the indicator species of the whole of Africa. Without lions, everything collapses.

Beverly Joubert: You have to have the top predators of an ecosystem. Without top predators there aren’t major migrations, and if you don’t have migrations, something like buffalo would stay eating in the same area and eventually die out.

Tarmy: And tourism?

Dereck Joubert: It’s not just the ecosystems that are dependent on lions, but a major part of the economy of Africa.

There’s an $80 billion-a-year ecotourism model in Africa, and a large part of that is based on the safari business and seeing lions.

Tarmy: How many lions are left to save?

Dereck Joubert: About 50 years ago, there were 450,000 lions. Today, there are 20,000 lions.

Beverly Joubert: It’s a 95 to 97 percent decline.

Lions, Tigers

Tarmy: What about the other large cats?

Dereck Joubert: Leopards are in the same position. About 50 years ago, there were 700,000 leopards. Today there are around 50,000.

Tigers have gone from 45,000 down to about 3,000. Whatever happens to tigers today will happen to lions tomorrow.

There seems to be this obsession with tiger bones, mostly for medicinal purposes, but they’re running out of stock.

They can’t get tigers anymore, so they’ve turned to lions, because lion bones and the tiger bones look exactly the same.

Tarmy: Which nationality is the worst offender in hunting?

Dereck Joubert: 600 male lions are shot every year across Africa. 556 of those trophies are coming to the United States.

So Americans are wiping out the stock of breeding males in Africa.

Beverly Joubert: You’ll hear the excuse that safari hunting is a form of conservation.

Possibly in the past, the old safari hunter once brought awareness of animals. But now that they’re in a rapid decline, killing any animal is no longer a form of conservation.

Ecotourism

Tarmy: Tell me about your safari company, Great Plains Conservation.

Dereck Joubert: Everything we make from it goes back into land conservation. At the moment, through Great Plains we have about 1.5 million acres protected. So it’s a weird blend of an NGO and a commercial entity.

Tarmy: What would the cost of a safari be?

Dereck Joubert: We focus on two levels of ecotourism. One is high end: $1,800 a night. Then on the other end is what we call the “adventure strand,” where you go horse riding, go walking, canoeing. That costs about $600 a night.

Tarmy: Where do you live?

Dereck Joubert: In tents, going out every day, selecting a subject -- a single family of lions, or a single leopard -- and we spend as much time as we can filming until the story is done.

Danger Zone

Tarmy: Any scary encounters beyond the boomslang?

Dereck Joubert: We’ve crashed three airplanes, been attacked by elephants four times, once by buffalo. We’ve had over 20 scorpion stings and four bouts of Malaria.

Beverly Joubert: But we feel safer in the field and with animals than we do around men.

Dereck Joubert: We were doing a film on poachers with the Botswana government and we got a message while we were in town. It said, “We know exactly where your camp is and unless you stop leading the military to us, we will kill you.”

Tarmy: So what did you do?

Dereck Joubert: We carried on filming. It wasn’t the first time. Once they sabotaged our airplane, cutting the brakes.

But again, you can’t shadow box. You’ve got to keep going with what you’re doing if you believe that it’s right.

Beverly Joubert’s exhibition is up through September at 340 Madison Avenue in New York.

Their films are available at: http://www.wildlifefilms.co.

For information on their safari programs: http://www.greatplainsconservation.com.

Information about the Big Cat Initiative: http://animals.nationalgeographic.com/animals/big-cats.

(James Tarmy writes for Muse, the arts and culture section of Bloomberg News. The opinions expressed are his own. This interview was adapted from a longer conversation.)

Muse highlights include book and movie reviews.

To contact the writer on the story: James Tarmy in New York: Jtarmy@gmail.com.

To contact the editor responsible for this story: Manuela Hoelterhoff at mhoelterhoff@bloomberg.net.

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