More than 3,500 were killed or injured. Eight battleships, three light cruisers, three destroyers and four auxiliary craft were sunk or heavily damaged. The Navy lost 92 planes, while the Army saw 77 destroyed and 128 damaged.
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When Chester W. Nimitz flew into Pearl Harbor on Christmas Day 1941 to take control of the Pacific fleet, he saw that the attack could have been much worse.
Aircraft carriers and submarines, which would dominate in the coming Pacific battles, were left intact.
The dry docks and maintenance facilities were pretty much unscathed. Most important, the surviving oil tanks held 4.5 million barrels of fuel, which meant that the fleet need not head back to the West Coast.
These strategic blunders cost Japan victory in the Pacific.
I spoke with Walter Borneman, author of “The Admirals: Nimitz, Halsey, Leahy and King -- The Five-Star Admirals Who Won the War at Sea,” on the following topics:
2. Subs and Carriers
3. Pearl Harbor
5. U.S. Industrial Might
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