The two countries broke off talks last week after failing to resolve a disagreement over territory. Sudan rejects southern claims to areas including the disputed oil-rich region of Heglig. South Sudan has proposed the Permanent Court of Arbitration in The Hague help resolve the issue.
“The future viability of Sudan and South Sudan lies in balance,” African Union Commission Chairman Jean Ping said in an e-mailed statement from Addis Ababa, the Ethiopian capital where the two countries are holding talks. “The adoption of a temporary security line for purposes of a cessation of hostilities in no way prejudices the final status of the boundary between the two countries.”
Relations between the two countries have deteriorated since South Sudan seceded from Sudan in July after a referendum on independence intended to end a two-decade civil war. The south kept three-quarters of the formerly united country’s oil output of about 490,000 barrels a day. Tensions between the countries escalated in April when South Sudan occupied the contested, oil- rich area of Heglig, before pulling its troops out 10 days later.
Negotiations will resume on June 21 to discuss a dispute over the fees South Sudan should pay to export its oil through pipelines and processing facilities in Sudan, as well as territorial and security issues.
South Sudan accepted the AU’s plan for a proposed temporary security border, while officials from Khartoum, the north’s capital, rejected it, Ping said.
“Objections by either state to the proposed Safe Demilitarized Border Zone based on claims to sovereignty or the final status of disputed areas are irrelevant and are founded on a basic misunderstanding of the purpose,” he said.
As well as establishing the zone, the AU plan calls for an end to hostilities, propaganda and the backing of rebels, as well the activation of a border monitoring mechanism and establishment of a joint committee to investigate complaints, according to the African Union statement. The parties must also agree on the final status of the contested region of Abyei.
Both Sudan and South Sudan face sanctions if they don’t meet an Aug. 2 deadline for the conclusion of negotiations set out in a United Nations Security Council resolution passed last month.
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