Israel’s inflation expectations fell to the lowest level in more than a week on bets the pace of interest rate cuts will slow as the country’s current account bounced back into surplus.
The two-year breakeven rate, the difference between inflation-linked bonds and similar-maturity fixed-rate government debt, dropped seven basis points to 215 as of 1:43 p.m. in Tel Aviv, the lowest since Dec. 4. That implies an average annual inflation rate of 2.15 percent.
Israel’s current account returned to a surplus after showing its first deficit since 2008, the Jerusalem-based Central Bureau of Statistics said today. The seasonally-adjusted surplus was $586 million in the three months through September compared with a revised deficit of $247 million in the previous quarter.
“The surplus is a bit suprising and indicates that Israeli exports were not hit yet as much as was expected by the growth slowdown in Europe,” Yaniv Hevron, head of macro-strategy at Excellence Nessuah Investment House Ltd. in Ramat Gan, Israel, said by telephone. “As a result, the Bank of Israel may not need to rush to cut interest rates at the end of the month.”
Europe is one of Israel’s main trading partners, and exports account for almost 40 percent of the country’s gross domestic product. The surplus comes after Bank of Israel Governor Stanley Fischer said Nov. 15 that the current account is likely to show a deficit of 1 percent of gross domestic product this year and 1.4 percent next year, after showing an annual surplus since 2003.
The statistics bureau will probably report tomorrow that annual inflation accelerated to 2.8 percent in November from 2.7 percent in October, according to the median estimate of 11 economists surveyed by Bloomberg. The shekel weakened 0.1 percent to 3.8037 against the dollar, bringing the monthly decline to 1.2 percent.
The yield on the 5.5 percent notes due January 2022 declined one basis point to 4.71 percent. Israel posted a $212 million deficit in trade in goods and services in the third quarter compared with a $692 million shortfall in the previous quarter, the bureau said today.
Two-year interest-rate swaps, an indicator of investor expectations for rates over the period, fell two basis points to 2.63 percent. The central bank cut the benchmark interest rate to 2.75 percent for the second time in three months on Nov. 28 as the European debt crisis weighed on the country’s economy.
The Tel Aviv Bond 40 Index, which comprises both inflation- linked and fixed-rate corporate bonds, dropped for a third day, declining 0.3 percent.
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