An Internet-advertising industry program to enforce privacy safeguards is expanding in response to concerns from U.S. regulators and consumer-advocacy groups.
The voluntary program, announced last year by an advertising-industry coalition, calls for letting consumers block ads that are based on their Web-browsing habits. The U.S. Federal Trade Commission expressed concern that the program didn’t apply to other forms of online tracking.
The changes will let consumers block other kinds of Internet-data collection, with the exception of information gathering required for companies’ “operations and system management,” said Stu Ingis, general counsel for the Digital Advertising Alliance, which administers the program, in an interview yesterday.
The alliance “has announced important changes to address how data can be collected and used online,” Jessica Rich, deputy director of the FTC’s consumer protection bureau, said in an e-mail yesterday. “We’ve been encouraging them to make these changes and believe it’s an important step for consumers and for self-regulation.”
Rich expressed concern in an August interview that the self-regulatory program didn’t go far enough to let consumers opt out of being tracked online. The FTC has power to act when companies engage in unfair and deceptive trade practices.
Under the revised program, participating companies will also be barred from collecting data on consumers’ Internet browsing to determine eligibility for employment, credit, medical treatment or insurance, Ingis said. The changes will take effect next year, he said.
Child Privacy Law
The Digital Advertising Alliance also said participating companies will have to comply with the Children’s Online Privacy Protection Act. The FTC in September proposed expanding the more than decade-old law to require such websites aimed at children younger than 13 to seek parents’ consent before collecting geographical location data or tracking online activities.
The Digital Advertising Alliance includes the Association of National Advertisers, the Direct Marketing Association and the Interactive Advertising Bureau. Bloomberg LP, the parent of Bloomberg News, is a member of ANA and IAB.
“These new guidelines fail to protect U.S. consumers from having their most sensitive information collected and used without their consent,” Jeffrey Chester, executive director of the Center for Digital Democracy, said in an e-mail yesterday. “The ad lobby has purposely crafted definitions that would enable marketers to collect and target consumers for their most sensitive financial and health concerns.”
The Center for Digital Democracy is part of the Transatlantic Consumer Dialogue, a coalition of U.S. and European Union consumer and public-interest groups that called the self-regulatory program “inadequate” in a September letter to the FTC, and the Article 29 Working Party, a group of privacy watchdogs from the EU’s 27 nations.
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