Oppenheimer had heard the request before and explained that Apple is keeping its powder dry for “strategic opportunities,” without elaborating on what those could be, Rao said. The stock had almost doubled in the year before that meeting, and Oppenheimer argued Apple has been a good steward of its cash and investments, currently worth $76.2 billion.
The drumbeat to open that treasure chest may now grow louder following the Oct. 5 death of Steve Jobs, Apple’s former chief executive officer. Jobs, who rescued Apple from near- bankruptcy and turned it into the most valuable technology company, engendered faith in his insistence on hoarding cash. In his absence, as the stockpile grows, Oppenheimer faces renewed calls to fund a dividend or stock buyback.
“They don’t need all that cash,” said Keith Goddard, CEO of Tulsa, Oklahoma-based Capital Advisors Inc., whose largest holding is Apple. “It won’t change their growth rate to pay a dividend.”
Apple, which almost couldn’t make payroll when Jobs returned as CEO in 1997, has more than doubled its cash and investments in the past two years, fueled by sales of the iPhone and iPad. Jobs resisted returning money to shareholders as he pushed Apple into new markets.
The company has used the money to buy long-term supplies of certain critical components, such as memory chips and touch- screen panels. Oppenheimer, 48, said in January that Apple would spend about $3.9 billion over the next two years on unspecified component prepayment and capital expenditures.
Steve Dowling, a spokesman for Cupertino, California-based Apple, reiterated the company’s longstanding position that it has a good track record of managing cash and is keeping it available for potential strategic opportunities.
Cisco Systems Inc. (CSCO) started paying a dividend earlier this year when its cash and investments reached about $40 billion. And Apple’s competitors, including Microsoft Corp. (MSFT) and Google Inc., have devoted their cash to making big acquisitions -- something Apple has avoided. As sales keep growing, the company will have to find ways to spend its capital, said Ryan Jacob, chairman of Jacob Asset Management in New York.
“They have a high-class problem,” said Jacob, whose firm owns Apple shares. “They’re generating so much quarter after quarter, and it’s just growing.”
Profit more than doubled to $7.31 billion in the third quarter, adding to Apple’s coffers. The stock has climbed 15 percent this year, defying a stock-market slump and concerns about Apple’s CEO succession. With a valuation of $342.8 billion, Apple is almost 60 percent bigger than the second most valuable technology company, Microsoft.
Rao, the investor who met with Oppenheimer, complimented the company for its overall business performance. He said dipping in to its cash wouldn’t affect Apple’s long-term plans.
“We have a slight difference of opinion on whether they have sufficient cash to meet all their strategic objectives,” Rao, a research principal at Sustainable Growth Advisers in Stamford, Connecticut, said in an interview. “We think they do and say they can be paying a dividend.”
Prior to joining Apple, Oppenheimer served in the finance department of Automatic Data Processing Inc. (ADP), the provider of payroll services, and as a consultant at Coopers & Lybrand. He has a bachelor’s degree from California Polytechnic University in San Luis Obispo and a master’s in business administration from the University of Santa Clara.
‘Conservative and Cautious’
Oppenheimer arrived at Apple in 1996 as controller of the Americas and was promoted the following year to vice president and later to corporate controller. As chief financial officer, he oversees investor relations, tax information and internal audits.
“Peter is pretty conservative and cautious, and he’s managing the company’s financial resources in the same way,” Rao said.
Oppenheimer took the CFO job in 2004 when Fred Anderson retired. At the time, the company had about $5 billion in cash and investments. That number almost tripled over the next three years to $13.8 billion and then soared again in the following three years to more than $40 billion by mid-2010.
“It’s been ridiculous for a long time, whether it’s $75 billion or $35 billion or $25 billion,” said Andy Hargreaves, an analyst at Pacific Crest Securities in Portland, Oregon, who recommends Apple stock and doesn’t own it himself. “Apparently the board feels nothing has been necessary to this point.”
The day before Jobs’s death, CEO Tim Cook unveiled the iPhone 4S, which has an upgraded processor, camera and software. He also introduced a voice-recognition system called Siri that turns the device into a hands-free personal assistant.
That technology came from the acquisition of Siri Inc. last year for an undisclosed sum. While Apple will continue buying companies to gain technologies, it’s unlikely to spend much of its cash on big deals, Hargreaves said.
“That just hasn’t been their style historically,” he said. “It’s questionable what they could buy to add a lot of value.”
To contact the reporters on this story: Adam Satariano in San Francisco at firstname.lastname@example.org