Nobel Peace Prize Winners: History

Following is a historical table of Nobel Peace Prize Laureates from the Nobel Foundation in Oslo.

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Year Nobel Laureate(s)        Country        Institution
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2011 Ellen Johnson Sirleaf     Liberia       President of Liberia
     Leymah Gbowee             Liberia
     Tawakkul Karman             Yemen
     For their non-violent struggle for the safety of women and for women’s
     rights to full participation in peace-building work.
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2010 Liu Xiaobo               China
     For his long and non-violent struggle for fundamental human rights in China.
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2009 Barack Obama             United States  President of the U.S.A.
     For his extraordinary efforts to strengthen international diplomacy and
     cooperation between peoples.
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2008 Martti Ahtisaari         Finland
     For his important efforts, on several continents and over more
     than three decades, to resolve international conflicts.
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2007 Albert Gore Jr.          United States
     Intergovernmental Panel on Climate Change IPCC

     For their efforts to build up and disseminate greater knowledge
     about man-made climate change, and to lay the foundations for
     the measures that are needed to counteract such change.
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2006 Muhammad Yunus           Bangladesh     Founder of Grameen Bank
     Grameen Bank             Bangladesh     Founded 1976

     For their efforts to create economic and social development from below.
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2005 International Atomic
      Energy Agency           Vienna         Founded 1957
     Mohamed ElBaradei        Egypt          International Atomic Energy
                                              Agency.
     For their efforts to prevent nuclear energy from being used for military
     purposes and to ensure that nuclear energy for peaceful purposes is used
     in the safest possible way.
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2004 Wangari Maathai          Kenya          No affiliation given
     For her contribution to sustainable development, democracy and peace.
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2003 Shirin Ebadi             Iran           No affiliation given
     For her efforts for democracy and human rights. She has focused
     especially on the struggle for the rights of women and children.
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2002 Jimmy Carter             United States  39th President, United States
     For his decades of untiring effort to find peaceful solutions to
     international conflicts, to advance democracy and human rights, and to
     promote economic and social development.
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2001 United Nations           New York       Founded 1945
     Kofi Annan               Ghana          U.N. Secretary-General
     For their work for a better organized and more peaceful world.
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2000 Kim Dae-jung             South Korea    President of South Korea
     For his work for democracy and human rights in South Korea and in East
     Asia in general, and for peace and reconciliation with North Korea
     in particular.
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1999 Medecins Sans Frontieres Belgium        Founded in 1971
     In recognition of the organization’s pioneering humanitarian work on
     several continents.
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1998 John Hume                United Kingdom MP, Leader of the Social
                                              Democratic and Labour Party
     David Trimble            United Kingdom MP, Leader of the Ulster
                                              Unionist Party
     For their efforts to find a peaceful solution to the conflict in
     Northern Ireland.
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1997 International Campaign
      to Ban Landmines        United States  Launched 1992
     Jody Williams            United States
     For their work for the banning and clearing of anti-personnel mines.
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1996 Carlos Filipe
      Ximenes Belo            East Timor     No affiliation given
     Jose Ramos-Horta         East Timor     No affiliation given
     For their work towards a just and peaceful solution to the conflict in
     East Timor.
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1995 Joseph Rotblat           United Kingdom
     Pugwash Conferences on
      Science & World Affairs Canada         Founded in 1957
     For their efforts to diminish the part played by nuclear arms in
     international politics and, in the longer run, to eliminate such arms.
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1994 Yasser Arafat            Palestine      Chairman, PLO
     Shimon Peres             Israel         Foreign Minister of Israel
     Yitzhak Rabin            Israel         Prime Minister of Israel
     For their efforts to create peace in the Middle East.
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1993 Nelson Mandela           South Africa   No affiliation given
     F.W. de Klerk            South Africa   No affiliation given
     For their work for the peaceful termination of the apartheid regime,
     and for laying the foundations for a new democratic South Africa.
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1992 Rigoberta Menchu Tum     Guatemala      No affiliation given
     In recognition of her work for social justice and ethno-cultural
     reconciliation based on respect for the rights of indigenous peoples.
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1991 Aung San Suu Kyi         Burma          No affiliation given
     For her non-violent struggle for democracy and human rights.
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1990 Mikhail Gorbachev        USSR           President of USSR
     For his leading role in the peace process which today characterizes
     important parts of the international community.
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1989 The 14th Dalai Lama      Tibet          No affiliation given
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1988 United Nations
      Peacekeeping Forces     New York       Founded in 1948
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1987 Oscar Arias Sanchez      Costa Rica     President of Costa Rica
     For his work for peace in Central America, efforts which led to
     the accord signed in Guatemala on August 7 this year.
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1986 Elie Wiesel              United States  Chairman of “The President’s
                                              Commission on the Holocaust”
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1985 International Physicians
     for the Prevention of
     Nuclear War              Boston, USA
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1984 Desmond Tutu             South Africa   Bishop of Johannesburg
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1983 Lech Walesa              Poland         Solidaritet (Union Leader)
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1982 Alva Myrdal              Sweden         Former Cabinet Minister; Diplomat;
                                             Writer
     Alfonso Garcia Robles    Mexico         Diplomat; delegate to the United
                                             Nations General Assembly on
                                             Disarmament; former Secretary
                                             for Foreign Affairs
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1981 Office of the United
     High Commissioner for    Geneva,
     Refugees                 Switzerland    Founded by U.N. in 1951
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1980 Adolfo Perez Esquivel    Argentina      Architect; Sculptor; Human
                                             rights leader
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1979 Mother Teresa            India          Leader of Missionaries of Charity
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1978 Anwar al-Sadat           Egypt          President of Egypt
     Menachem Begin           Israel         Prime Minister of Israel
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1977 Amnesty International    England
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1976 Betty Williams           United Kingdom Founders of the Northern Ireland
     Mairead Corrigan         United Kingdom Peace Movement (later renamed
                                             Community of Peace People).
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1975 Andrei Sakharov          USSR           Soviet nuclear physicist
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1974 Sean MacBride            Ireland        President of the International
                                             Peace Bureau, Geneva, Switzerland;
                                             President of the Commission of
                                             Namibia, United Nations
     Eisaku Sato              Japan          Prime Minister of Japan
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1973 Henry Kissinger          United States  U.S. Secretary of State
     Le Duc Tho               Vietnam
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1972 The prize money for 1972 was allocated to the Main Fund
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1971 Willy Brandt             Germany        Chancellor of the Federal Republic
                                             of Germany
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1970 Norman Borlaug           United States  International Maize and Wheat
                                             Improvement Center, Mexico City
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1969 International Labour     Geneva,
      Organization            Switzerland
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1968 Rene Cassin              France         President of the European Court
                                             Human Rights
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1967 One-third of the prize money was allocated to the Main Fund and
     two-thirds allocated to the Special Fund of this prize section.
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1966 The prize money was allocated to the Special Fund of this prize section
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1965 United Nations
     Children’s Fund (UNICEF) New York       Founded by U.N. in 1946
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1964 Martin Luther King       United States  Leader of “Southern Christian
                                             Leadership Conference”
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1963 International Committee  Geneva,
     of the Red Cross         Switzerland    Founded in 1863
     League of Red Cross      Geneva,
     Societies                Switzerland
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1962 Linus Pauling            United States  Caltech
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1961 Dag Hammarskjold         Sweden         Secretary General of the U.N.
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1960 Albert Lutuli            South Africa   President of the African National
                                             Congress, in South Africa
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1959 Philip Noel-Baker        United Kingdom Member of Parliament; lifelong
                                             ardent worker for international
                                             peace and co-operation
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1958 Georges Pire             Belgium        Father of the Dominican Order;
                                             Leader of the relief organization
                                             for refugees “l’Europe du Coeur
                                             au Service du Monde”
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1957 Lester Bowles Pearson    Canada         Former Secretary of State for
                                             External Affairs of Canada;
                                             former President of the 9th
                                             Session of the United Nations
                                             General Assembly
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1956 One-third of the prize money was allocated to the Main Fund and
     two-thirds allocated to the Special Fund of this prize section.
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1955 The prize money was allocated to the Special Fund of this prize section
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Index
1954 Office of the United
     High Commissioner for    Geneva,
     Refugees                 Switzerland    Founded by U.N. in 1951
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1953 George C. Marshall       United States  General President American Red
                                             Cross; ex-Secretary of State and
                                             of Defense; Delegate U.N.;
                                             Originator of “Marshall Plan”
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1952 Albert Schweitzer        France         Missionary surgeon; Founder of
                                             Lambarene (Republique de Gabon)
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1951 Leon Jouhaux             France
     President, Trade Union Confederation “C.G.T. Force Ouvriere”; President,
     Conseil national economique and International Committee of the European
     Council; Vice President, International Confederation of Free Trade Unions;
     Vice President, Federation syndicale mondiale; Member Council of I.L.O.
     (International Labour Organization); Delegate U.N.
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1950 Ralph Bunche             USA            Professor, Harvard University
                                             Cambridge, MA; Director, division
                                             Trusteeship, U.N.; Acting Mediator
                                             Palestine, 1948
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1949 Lord Boyd Orr            United Kingdom
     Physician; Alimentary Politician; Prominent organizer and Director,
     General Food and Agricultural Organization; President, National Peace
     Council and World Union of Peace Organizations.
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1948 One-third of the prize money was allocated to the Main Fund and
     two-thirds allocated to the Special Fund of this prize section.
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1947 Friends Service Council  London,
     (The Quakers)            United Kingdom Founded in 1647
     American Friends Service Washington DC,
     Committee                USA
     (The Quakers)                           First official meeting in 1672
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1946 Emily Greene Balch       United States
     Formerly Professor of History and Sociology; Honorary International
     President, Women’s International League for Peace and Freedom

     John R. Mott             United States
     Chairman, International Missionary Council; President, World Alliance of
     Young Men’s Christian Associations
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1945 Cordell Hull             United States  ex-Secretary of State; Prominent
                                             participant in the originating of
                                             the United Nations
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1944 International Committee  Geneva,
     of the Red Cross         Switzerland    Founded in 1863
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1943 One-third of the prize money was allocated to the Main Fund and
     two-thirds allocated to the Special Fund of this prize section.
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1942 One-third of the prize money was allocated to the Main Fund and
     two-thirds allocated to the Special Fund of this prize section.
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1941 One-third of the prize money was allocated to the Main Fund and
     two-thirds allocated to the Special Fund of this prize section.
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1940 One-third of the prize money was allocated to the Main Fund and
     two-thirds allocated to the Special Fund of this prize section.
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1939 One-third of the prize money was allocated to the Main Fund and
     two-thirds allocated to the Special Fund of this prize section.
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1938 Nansen International     Geneva,        An international relief
     Office for Refugees      Switzerland    organization, started by
                                             Fridtjof Nansen in 1923
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1937 Robert Cecil             United Kingdom Writer, i.a. ex-Lord Privy Seal;
                                             Founder and President,
                                             International Peace Campaign
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1936 Carlos Saavedra Lamas    Argentina      Secretary of State; President,
                                             Societe des Nations; Mediator in
                                             a conflict between Paraguay and
                                             Bolivia
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1935 Carl von Ossietzky       Germany        Journalist (i.a. die Weltbuhne);
                                             Pacifist
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1934 Arthur Henderson         United Kingdom ex-Foreign Secretary; President,
                                             Disarmament Conference in 1932
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1933 Sir Norman Angell        United Kingdom Writer; Member, Commission
                                             Executive de la Societe des
                                             Nations (Executive Committee of
                                             the League of Nations and of
                                             National Peace Council)
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1932 The prize money was allocated to the Special Fund of this prize section
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1931 Jane Addams              United States  Sociologist; International
                                             President, Women’s International
                                             League for Peace and Freedom
     Nicholas Murray Butler                  President, Columbia University;
                                             Promoter of Briand Kellogg Pact
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1930 Nathan Soderblom         Sweden         Archbishop; Leader in the
                                             ecumenical movement
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1929 Frank B. Kellogg         United States  ex-Secretary of State; Part-
                                             originator of Briand-Kellogg Pact
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1928 The prize money was allocated to the Special Fund of this prize section
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1927 Ferdinand Buisson        France         Formerly Professor, Sorbonne
                                             University, Paris; Founder and
                                             President, Ligue des Droits de
                                             l’Homme (League for Human Rights)
     Ludwig Quidde            Germany        Professor, Berlin University;
                                             Member, German Parliament;
                                             Participant of various peace
                                             conferences
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1926 Aristide Briand          France         Foreign Minister; Part-originator
                                             of Locarno Pact and Briand-Kellogg
                                             Pact
     Gustav Stresemann        Germany        ex-Lord High Chancellor (Reichs-
                                             -kanzler); Foreign Minister;
                                             Part-originator of Locarno Pact
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1925 Sir Austen Chamberlain   United Kingdom Foreign Secretary; Part-originator
                                             of Locarno Pact
     Charles G. Dawes         United States  Vice-President of United States of
                                             America; Chairman of Allied
                                             Reparation Commission (Originator
                                             of “Dawes Plan”)
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1924 The prize money was allocated to the Special Fund of this prize section
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1923 The prize money was allocated to the Special Fund of this prize section
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1922 Fridtjof Nansen          Norway          Scientist; Explorer; Norwegian
                                              Delegate, Societe des Nations;
                                              Originator of “Nansen passports”
                                              (for refugees)
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1921 Hjalmar Branting         Sweden         Prime Minister; Swedish Delegate,
                                             Conseil de la Societe des Nations
     Christian Lange          Norway         Secretary General of Inter-
                                             Parliamentary Union, Brussels
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1920 Leon Bourgeois           France         ex-Secretary of State;
                                             French Parliament (Senat);
                                             President, Conseil de la Societe
                                             des Nations (Council of the League
                                             of Nations)
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1919 Woodrow Wilson           United States  President of United States of
                                             America; Founder of the League of
                                             Nations
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1918 The prize money was allocated to the Special Fund of this prize section
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1917 International Committee  Geneva,
     of the Red Cross         Switzerland    Founded in 1863
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1916 The prize money was allocated to the Special Fund of this prize section
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1915 The prize money was allocated to the Special Fund of this prize section
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1914 The prize money was allocated to the Special Fund of this prize section
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1913 Henri La Fontaine        Belgium        Member, Belgian Parliament
                                             (Senateur); President, Permanent
                                             International Peace Bureau, Berne,
                                             Switzerland
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1912 Elihu Root               United States  ex-Secretary of State; Originator
                                             of various treaties of arbitration
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1911 Tobias Asser             Netherlands    Prime Minister; Member, Privy
                                             Council; Originator of
                                             International Conferences of
                                             Private Law at the Hague
     Alfred Fried             Austria        Journalist; Founder of Die
                                             Friedenswarte (a peace
                                             publication)
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1910 Permanent International  Berne,
     Peace Bureau             Switzerland    Founded in 1891
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1909 Auguste Beernaert        Belgium        ex-Prime Minister; Member, Belgian
                                             Parliament; Member of Cour
                                             Internationale d’arbitrage at
                                             the Hague
     Paul Henri d’Estournelles               Member, French Parliament
     de Constant              France         (Senateur); Founder and President
                                             of French parliamentary group for
                                             voluntary arbitration; Founder,
                                             Committee for the Defense of
                                             National Interests and
                                             International Conciliation
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1908 Klas Pontus Arnoldson    Sweden         Writer; Formerly Member of Swedish
                                             Parliament; Founder of Swedish
                                             Peace and Arbitration League
     Fredrik Bajer            Denmark        Member, Danish Parliament;
                                             Honorary President of Permanent
                                             International Peace Bureau, Berne,
                                             Switzerland
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1907 Ernesto Teodoro Moneta   Italy          President, Lombard League of Peace
     Louis Renault            France         Professor International Law
                                             Sorbonne University
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1906 Theodore Roosevelt       United States  President of United States of
                                             America; Collaborator of various
                                             peace treaties
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1905 Bertha von Suttner       Austria        Honorary President of Permanent
                                             International Peace Bureau, Berne,
                                             Switzerland; Author of Lay Down
                                             Your Arms
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1904 Institute of             Ghent,         Scientific Society,
     International Law        Belgium        Founded in 1873
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1903 Randal Cremer            United Kingdom Member, British Parliament;
                                             Secretary, International
                                             Arbitration League
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1902 Elie Ducommun            Switzerland    Honorary Secretary, Permanent
                                             International Peace Bureau, Berne,
                                             Switzerland
     Albert Gobat             Switzerland    Secretary General, Inter-
                                             Parliamentary Union; Honorary
                                             Secretary, Permanent International
                                             Peace Bureau, Berne, Switzerland
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1901 Henry Dunant             Switzerland    Founder of the International
                                             Committee of the Red Cross, Geneva
                                             Originator Geneva Convention
                                             (Convention de Geneve)
     Frederic Passy           France         Founder and President of first
                                             peace society (since 1890 called
                                             Societe francaise pour l’arbitrage
                                             entre nations)
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Source: nobelprize.org

To contact the reporter on this story: Joel Rinneby in Stockholm at jrinneby@bloomberg.net

To contact the editor responsible for this story: Marco Babic at mbabic@bloomberg.net

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