China’s growing ranks of millionaires are set to buoy sales at Sotheby’s (BID) spring auction in Hong Kong as collectors seek Qing Dynasty porcelain, Chateau Lafite wines and multi-million-dollar paintings.
The event may bring in as much as HK$2.4 billion ($310 million), said the New York-based auction house. The eight-day marathon, from tomorrow to April 8, features two private European collections of ceramics and contemporary art, including an 18th-century Chinese vase worth more than $23 million.
“The rarest, most important and finest work is this Falangcai vase,” Giuseppe Eskenazi, one of the world’s foremost Chinese art dealers, said. “This is good if not finer than what’s in the Beijing Palace Museum as well as in Taiwan in the National Palace Museum.”
Hong Kong’s first major sale of the year will show that rising wealth in China is continuing to drive demand, dealers said. It has 3,600 lots, about 1,000 more than last April’s auction in the city, which took a record HK$2.29 billion and revived prices in most categories to pre-credit-crisis levels. China overtook the U.S. as the world’s biggest auction market for fine art last year, according to research company Artprice, benefiting from the support of its government in Beijing.
The “Golden Pheasant” vase was one of the personal objects belonging to the Qianlong emperor. It goes on sale on April 7 as the highlight of the Meiyintang collection of 80 works that is estimated to fetch as much as HK$940 million.
Meiyintang, which means hall among rose beds, contains 450 items assembled over the past six decades by Stephen Zuellig, a Swiss businessman whose family made its fortune distributing pharmaceuticals.
His collection provides an overview of the history of Chinese ceramics from their origins in the Neolithic period to the end of China’s Imperial reign in the Qing dynasty in 1911. The lots represent about 25 percent of the collection, said Eskenazi, who helped select the pieces for auction.
The demand for Qianlong artworks was shown on March 22 when a vase with a Qianlong stamp sold in New York for $18 million. On March 26, a scroll painting fetched 22.1 million euros ($31 million) in France. In November, a Qianlong vase fetched 51.6 million pounds (then $83.2 million) at a Bainbridges sale on the outskirts of London.
On April 3, an evening auction will offer 106 works of Chinese contemporary art from Guy Ullens, founder of Beijing’s largest private art museum, estimated to raise $16.7 million.
“This is a landmark sale with works by leading figures, including Zhang Xiaogang, Zeng Fanzhi and Liu Xiaodong,” said Magnus Renfrew, director of Hong Kong International Art Fair.
Xiaogang’s triptych “Forever Lasting Love” is estimated to fetch as much as $3.8 million.
Not everyone is happy about the Ullens sale.
The growing ranks of Chinese cork sniffers are expected to lift prices at wine sales from April 1-3. Hong Kong eclipsed the U.S. in 2010 as the No. 1 wine auction market, based on research by the Wine Spectator Magazine. Sales in the former U.K. colony were $165 million, 40 percent of the global total.
“There’s an auction fever that is almost contagious,” said Jeannie Cho Lee, a Master of Wine. “The buyers are more and more mainland Chinese. Iconic brands seem to sell better because brand is especially important where there is a culture of giving and the importance of face.”
Mainland buyers are particularly keen on the best-known estates including Bordeaux from Chateau Lafite. Among Burgundies, a case of Romanee Conti 1990 may fetch $240,000.
Other sales include Chinese scroll paintings, jewelry, watches, and for the first time, an auction of works to raise money and awareness for Clean Air Network, a non-governmental organization focusing on Hong Kong’s air quality.
It features about 40 artworks -- including a pair of diseased lungs made of fiberglass, rice and car paint -- displayed alongside “shocking facts about air pollution and health,” CAN’s Chief Executive Joanne Ooi said.
Buyer’s premium, the commission added to the hammer price of works sold, is 25 percent for the first HK$400,000, 20 percent for lots fetching as much as HK$8 million, and 12 percent above that. The wine premium is a flat 21 percent.
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