Canada November Labor Force Survey (Text)

Following is the text of Canada's labor force survey released by Statistics Canada.

Employment edged up by 15,000 in November. At the same time, there was a notable decline in the number of youths participating in the labour market. As a result, the unemployment rate fell 0.3 percentage points to 7.6%, the lowest since January 2009.

Since November 2009, employment has risen by 318,000 (+1.9%).

In November, part-time gains were partly offset by decreases in full time. Over the past year, part-time employment has grown by 4.0% (+127,000), a faster pace than the 1.4% growth in full time (+192,000).

November's employment gains in health care and social assistance; retail and wholesale trade; and accommodation and food services were mostly offset by declines in manufacturing as well as in finance, insurance, real estate and leasing.

Note to readers

Following the release of final population estimates from each census, a standard revision is applied to the Labour Force Survey (LFS) estimates. The revised estimates are scheduled to be released on Friday, January 28, 2011, and will include the following:

LFS estimates are currently based on the 2001 Census population estimates. These data will be adjusted to reflect 2006 Census population estimates and will be revised back to 1996.

Industry estimates will be reclassified to the 2007 North American Industry Classification System (NAICS) from the 2002 NAICS and revised back to 1987.

Geography boundaries will be updated to the 2006 Standard Geographical Classification (SGC) rather than the current 2001 SGC. With this change, six new census metropolitan areas (CMAs) will be added and the boundaries of seven existing CMAs will be modified. New CMA tables will be created based on the 2006 census boundaries and will date back to 1996.

Finally, the 2006 National Occupational Classification for Statistics (NOC-S) will replace the 2001 NOC-S. This change will not affect the LFS estimates as there were only minor changes to the description of the categories.

Please note that the changes to the estimates will be minor. Rates of unemployment, employment and participation are essentially unchanged, as are key labour market trends.

During the revision, CANSIM data for the LFS will not be available from Friday, January 21 to Thursday, January 27, 2011. For further information on these changes, contact Client Services (toll-free 1-866-873-8788; 613-951- 4090; labour@statcan.gc.ca).

LFS estimates are based on a sample, and are therefore subject to sampling variability. Estimates for smaller geographic areas or industries will have more variability. For an explanation of sampling variability of estimates, and how to use standard errors to assess this variability, consult the "Data quality" section of the publication Labour Force Information (71-001-X, free).

Unless otherwise stated, this release presents seasonally adjusted data, which facilitates comparisons by removing the effects of seasonal variations.

Ontario was the only province with a notable employment increase in November. Quebec and Manitoba had employment declines in the month, while the other provinces showed little change.

While employment for youths aged 15 to 24 was unchanged, their unemployment levels fell. This pushed the youth unemployment rate down 1.4 percentage points to 13.6%.

Gains in some service sectors, decline in manufacturing

In November, health care and social assistance employment rose by 28,000. This industry has seen gains of 120,000 (+6.1%) since November 2009, one of the highest rates of growth of all major industries.

Employment in wholesale and retail trade increased by 26,000. With this increase, employment in this industry is up 57,000 (+2.2%) compared with a year earlier.

Accommodation and food services employment was up 17,000 in November, following five months of little change.

Manufacturing employment fell by 29,000 in November, bringing employment in this industry to 1.73 million, or 47,000 (-2.6%) below its level of 12 months earlier.

With this decline, manufacturing's share of total employment continued its long-term downward trend, reaching 10% in November, the lowest since comparable data became available in 1976. This was down from 15% in the early 2000s and 19% in 1976.

Employment decreased by 23,000 in finance, insurance, real estate and leasing. Compared with November 2009, levels were down 43,000 (-3.8%).

Although construction was little changed in November, employment in this industry has been on an upward trend for more than a year, with gains of 89,000 (+7.5%) over the past 12 months. Employment growth in construction was the second fastest of all the major industry groups over the past year, behind natural resources (+7.9%).

While there was employment growth in the public sector in November, there was little change among private sector employees and the self-employed. Over the previous 12 months, employment growth in the public sector (+3.1% or 109,000) led that of the private sector (+2.5% or 266,000). Over the same period, self-employment fell by 2.1% (-56,000).

Employment gains in Ontario

Ontario's employment level rose by 31,000 in November, pushing the unemployment rate down 0.4 percentage points to 8.2%, the lowest since January 2009. With November's employment increase, the number of workers in Ontario grew by 2.1% (+140,000) from a year earlier, just above the national growth rate of 1.9%.

In November, employment in Quebec edged down by 14,000. Despite this decline, Quebec employment was up 78,000 (+2.0%) from a year earlier. The unemployment rate was 7.9% in November.

Manitoba's employment level fell by 3,000 in November, partly dampening its 12-month gain of 13,000 (+2.1%). The unemployment rate, at 5.1%, remained the lowest of all provinces.

While employment was unchanged in Alberta, a decline in the number of people looking for work pushed the unemployment rate down 0.4 percentage points to 5.6%.

Employment in British Columbia was little changed in November. With fewer people searching for work, the unemployment rate declined by 0.5 percentage points to 6.9%.

Fewer youths looking for work

While employment among youths was unchanged in November, there were fewer youths looking for work. As a result, their unemployment rate fell 1.4 percentage points to 13.6%. Since June, the youth participation rate has declined 2.1 percentage points to 63.2% in November, the lowest since August 1999.

To contact the reporter on this story: Ilan Kolet in Ottawa at ikolet@bloomberg.net

To contact the editor responsible for this story: Marco Babic at mbabic@bloomberg.net

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