U.S. Dairy Products Report for October (Text)

Following is the text of the U.S. Dairy Products report for October as reported by the U.S. Department of Agriculture.

Total cheese output (excluding cottage cheese) was 893 million pounds, 3.5 percent above October 2009 and 1.6 percent above September 2010.

Italian type cheese production totaled 369 million pounds, 3.1 percent above October 2009 and 0.9 percent above September 2010.

American type cheese production totaled 364 million pounds, 4.1 percent above October 2009 and 2.8 percent above September 2010.

Butter production was 122 million pounds, 7.5 percent above October 2009 and 6.8 percent above September 2010.

Dry milk powders (comparisons with October 2009) Nonfat dry milk, human - 115 million pounds, up 24.2 percent. Skim milk powders - 17.5 million pounds, up 72.2 percent.

Whey products (comparisons with October 2009) Dry whey, total - 79.0 million pounds, down 3.3 percent. Lactose, human and animal - 74.0 million pounds, up 15.8 percent. Whey protein concentrate, total - 35.4 million pounds, down 1.3 percent.

Frozen products (comparisons with October 2009) Ice cream, regular (hard) - 61.3 million gallons, down 10.7 percent. Ice cream, lowfat (total) - 27.9 million gallons, down 1.6 percent. Sherbet (hard) - 3.03 million gallons, down 9.4 percent. Frozen yogurt (total) - 4.43 million gallons, down 25.5 percent.

United States Geographic Regions Dairy Products

Beginning in 2010, USDA will no longer issue data for North Atlantic, South Atlantic, East North Central, West North Central, or South Central regions. North Atlantic and South Atlantic were combined to form the data for the Atlantic region. East North Central, West North Central, and South Central were combined to form the data for the Central region.

Dairy Products Production by Product and Month - United States: 2009 and 2010 ------------------------------------------------------------------------------------ --

: By month : Cumulative

Product and month :----------------------------------------------------- --

: : :Change : : :Chang e

: 2009 : 2010 : from : 2009 : 2010 : from

: : : 2009 : : : 2009 ------------------------------------------------------------------------------------ --

: 1,000 pounds percent--- 1,000 pounds --- percent Total cheese : January ....................: 826,893 841,646 1.8 826,893 841,646 1.8 February ...................: 767,975 775,273 1.0 1,594,868 1,616,919 1.4 March ......................: 870,517 891,633 2.4 2,465,385 2,508,552 1.8 April ......................: 847,593 862,016 1.7 3,312,978 3,370,568 1.7 May ........................: 856,100 879,255 2.7 4,169,078 4,249,823 1.9 June .......................: 838,100 880,850 5.1 5,007,178 5,130,673 2.5 July .......................: 842,752 881,641 4.6 5,849,930 6,012,314 2.8 August .....................: 850,684 875,194 2.9 6,700,614 6,887,508 2.8 September ..................: 842,490 878,632 4.3 7,543,104 7,766,140 3.0 October ....................: 862,785 892,625 3.5 8,405,889 8,658,765 3.0 November ...................: 839,532 9,245,421 December ...................: 863,872 10,109,293

: Total American cheese types 1/: January ....................: 357,200 347,563 -2.7 357,200 347,563 -2.7 February ...................: 323,370 320,426 -0.9 680,570 667,989 -1.8 March ......................: 364,359 362,257 -0.6 1,044,929 1,030,246 -1.4 April ......................: 354,781 358,530 1.1 1,399,710 1,388,776 -0.8 May ........................: 368,021 370,281 0.6 1,767,731 1,759,057 -0.5 June .......................: 356,869 369,978 3.7 2,124,600 2,129,035 0.2 July .......................: 354,695 368,415 3.9 2,479,295 2,497,450 0.7 August .....................: 347,088 353,703 1.9 2,826,383 2,851,153 0.9 September ..................: 342,921 353,837 3.2 3,169,304 3,204,990 1.1 October ....................: 349,403 363,666 4.1 3,518,707 3,568,656 1.4 November ...................: 331,593 3,850,300 December ...................: 352,199 4,202,499

: Cheddar cheese : January ....................: 278,181 266,552 -4.2 278,181 266,552 -4.2 February ...................: 244,440 244,389 522,621 510,941 -2.2 March ......................: 279,296 281,966 1.0 801,917 792,907 -1.1 April ......................: 272,691 270,957 -0.6 1,074,608 1,063,864 -1.0 May ........................: 287,422 287,213 -0.1 1,362,030 1,351,077 -0.8 June .......................: 276,646 286,084 3.4 1,638,676 1,637,161 -0.1 July .......................: 269,533 276,134 2.4 1,908,209 1,913,295 0.3 August .....................: 264,743 264,096 -0.2 2,172,952 2,177,391 0.2 September ..................: 259,004 258,581 -0.2 2,431,956 2,435,972 0.2 October ....................: 263,443 274,146 4.1 2,695,399 2,710,118 0.5 November ...................: 248,976 2,944,375 December ...................: 263,062 3,207,437 ------------------------------------------------------------------------------------ -- See footnote(s) at end of table. -- continued

Dairy Products Production by Product and Month - United States: 2009 and 2010 (continued) ------------------------------------------------------------------------------------ --

: By month : Cumulative

Product and month :----------------------------------------------------- --

: : :Change : : :Chang e

: 2009 : 2010 : from : 2009 : 2010 : from

: : : 2009 : : : 2009 ------------------------------------------------------------------------------------ --

: 1,000 pounds percent -- 1,000 pounds -- percent Cottage cheese, cream : January ....................: 25,734 24,963 -3.0 25,734 24,963 -3.0 February ...................: 25,890 25,776 -0.4 51,624 50,739 -1.7 March ......................: 31,314 29,099 -7.1 82,938 79,838 -3.7 April ......................: 30,517 26,462 -13.3 113,455 106,300 -6.3 May ........................: 30,210 26,226 -13.2 143,665 132,526 -7.8 June .......................: 29,707 27,061 -8.9 173,372 159,587 -8.0 July .......................: 30,823 27,687 -10.2 204,195 187,274 -8.3 August .....................: 30,375 28,868 -5.0 234,570 216,142 -7.9 September ..................: 30,995 28,007 -9.6 265,565 244,149 -8.1 October ....................: 26,685 25,441 -4.7 292,250 269,590 -7.8 November ...................: 24,586 316,836 December ...................: 25,064 341,900

: Cottage cheese, lowfat : January ....................: 31,295 29,093 -7.0 31,295 29,093 -7.0 February ...................: 30,781 30,057 -2.4 62,076 59,150 -4.7 March ......................: 34,759 35,268 1.5 96,835 94,418 -2.5 April ......................: 34,380 32,043 -6.8 131,215 126,461 -3.6 May ........................: 32,644 29,863 -8.5 163,859 156,324 -4.6 June .......................: 32,986 32,366 -1.9 196,845 188,690 -4.1 July .......................: 34,701 32,571 -6.1 231,546 221,261 -4.4 August .....................: 32,107 32,415 1.0 263,653 253,676 -3.8 September ..................: 35,038 33,893 -3.3 298,691 287,569 -3.7 October ....................: 31,246 29,429 -5.8 329,937 316,998 -3.9 November ...................: 28,733 358,670 December ...................: 28,987 387,657

: Sour cream : January ....................: 87,869 89,580 1.9 87,869 89,580 1.9 February ...................: 81,854 85,163 4.0 169,723 174,743 3.0 March ......................: 99,459 105,351 5.9 269,182 280,094 4.1 April ......................: 93,860 90,309 -3.8 363,042 370,403 2.0 May ........................: 93,504 93,408 -0.1 456,546 463,811 1.6 June .......................: 93,644 98,411 5.1 550,190 562,222 2.2 July .......................: 92,442 90,130 -2.5 642,632 652,352 1.5 August .....................: 93,770 101,301 8.0 736,402 753,653 2.3 September ..................: 92,435 94,876 2.6 828,837 848,529 2.4 October ....................: 103,645 102,345 -1.3 932,482 950,874 2.0 November ...................: 108,446 1,040,928 December ...................: 107,081 1,148,009 ------------------------------------------------------------------------------------ -- See footnote(s) at end of table. -- continued

Dairy Products Production by Product and Month - United States: 2009 and 2010 (continued) ------------------------------------------------------------------------------------ --

: By month : Cumulative

Product and month :----------------------------------------------------- --

: : :Change : : :Chang e

: 2009 : 2010 : from : 2009 : 2010 : from

: : : 2009 : : : 2009 ------------------------------------------------------------------------------------ --

: 1,000 gallons percent 1,000 gallons percent Ice cream, regular hard : January ....................: 58,615 55,429 -5.4 58,615 55,429 -5.4 February ...................: 64,870 63,171 -2.6 123,485 118,600 -4.0 March ......................: 75,674 79,940 5.6 199,159 198,540 -0.3 April ......................: 79,022 78,499 -0.7 278,181 277,039 -0.4 May ........................: 80,604 81,929 1.6 358,785 358,968 0.1 June .......................: 89,319 84,255 -5.7 448,104 443,223 -1.1 July .......................: 84,319 78,706 -6.7 532,423 521,929 -2.0 August .....................: 79,273 75,791 -4.4 611,696 597,720 -2.3 September ..................: 74,304 74,089 -0.3 686,000 671,809 -2.1 October ....................: 68,602 61,264 -10.7 754,602 733,073 -2.9 November ...................: 53,003 807,605 December ...................: 49,098 856,703

: Ice cream, lowfat total : January ....................: 24,433 22,695 -7.1 24,433 22,695 -7.1 February ...................: 26,401 27,538 4.3 50,834 50,233 -1.2 March ......................: 35,833 37,430 4.5 86,667 87,663 1.1 April ......................: 35,030 38,601 10.2 121,697 126,264 3.8 May ........................: 36,115 37,466 3.7 157,812 163,730 3.8 June .......................: 42,050 45,376 7.9 199,862 209,106 4.6 July .......................: 38,736 40,959 5.7 238,598 250,065 4.8 August .....................: 36,183 39,949 10.4 274,781 290,014 5.5 September ..................: 31,395 33,478 6.6 306,176 323,492 5.7 October ....................: 28,391 27,924 -1.6 334,567 351,416 5.0 November ...................: 23,855 358,422 December ...................: 23,033 381,455

: Sherbet, hard : January ....................: 3,482 3,438 -1.3 3,482 3,438 -1.3 February ...................: 4,039 3,691 -8.6 7,521 7,129 -5.2 March ......................: 5,056 5,048 -0.2 12,577 12,177 -3.2 April ......................: 5,012 4,790 -4.4 17,589 16,967 -3.5 May ........................: 4,985 4,622 -7.3 22,574 21,589 -4.4 June .......................: 5,497 4,827 -12.2 28,071 26,416 -5.9 July .......................: 5,104 4,564 -10.6 33,175 30,980 -6.6 August .....................: 4,257 3,822 -10.2 37,432 34,802 -7.0 September ..................: 4,266 3,540 -17.0 41,698 38,342 -8.0 October ....................: 3,340 3,026 -9.4 45,038 41,368 -8.1 November ...................: 2,572 47,610 December ...................: 2,670 50,280 ------------------------------------------------------------------------------------ -- See footnote(s) at end of table. -- continued

Total Cheese Production Excluding Cottage Cheese - States and United States: October 2009 and 2010 --------------------------------------------------------------------------------

: : : : Change from

: October : September : October :---------------------

State : 2009 : 2010 : 2010 : October :September

: : : : 2009 : 2010 --------------------------------------------------------------------------------

: ----------- 1,000 pounds ---------- --- percent ---

: California .....: 175,056 185,973 182,708 4.4 -1.8 Idaho ..........: 70,939 72,361 72,667 2.4 0.4 Illinois .......: 6,786 6,992 6,615 -2.5 -5.4 Iowa ...........: 20,246 18,781 19,906 -1.7 6.0 Minnesota ......: 53,508 48,713 50,171 -6.2 3.0 New Jersey .....: 3,193 New Mexico .....: 53,193 60,803 63,648 19.7 4.7 New York .......: 66,992 64,952 65,452 -2.3 0.8 Ohio ...........: 17,246 17,381 18,487 7.2 6.4 Pennsylvania ...: 32,840 33,612 35,867 9.2 6.7 South Dakota ...: 20,306 20,701 21,139 4.1 2.1 Utah ...........: 9,757 Vermont ........: 10,755 9,102 9,954 -7.4 9.4 Wisconsin ......: 224,904 222,775 225,003 1.0

: Other States 1/ : 97,064 116,486 121,008

: United States ..: 862,785 878,632 892,625 3.5 1.6

: Atlantic .......: 118,352 116,409 119,650 1.1 2.8 Central ........: 387,946 385,447 394,331 1.6 2.3 West ...........: 356,487 376,776 378,644 6.2 0.5 -------------------------------------------------------------------------------- 1/ States not shown when fewer than 3 plants reported or individual plant

operations could be disclosed. Percent change shown only when comparable

States are included in the calculation.

American Cheese Production - States and United States: October 2009 and 2010 --------------------------------------------------------------------------------

: : : : Change from

: October : September : October :---------------------

State : 2009 : 2010 : 2010 : October :September

: : : : 2009 : 2010 --------------------------------------------------------------------------------

: ----------- 1,000 pounds ---------- --- percent --

: California .....: 53,417 47,962 49,544 -7.3 3.3 Idaho ..........: 56,976 57,630 57,943 1.7 0.5 Iowa ...........: 16,449 14,348 15,577 -5.3 8.6 Ohio ...........: 915 Oregon .........: 14,928 13,031 13,526 -9.4 3.8 Wisconsin ......: 72,226 68,542 69,200 -4.2 1.0

: Other States 1/ : 134,492 152,324 157,876

: United States ..: 349,403 353,837 363,666 4.1 2.8

: Atlantic .......: 11,761 14,753 15,498 31.8 5.0 Central ........: 166,613 163,085 165,992 -0.4 1.8 West ...........: 171,029 175,999 182,176 6.5 3.5 -------------------------------------------------------------------------------- 1/ States not shown when fewer than 3 plants reported or individual plant

operations could be disclosed. Percent change shown only when comparable

States are included in the calculation.

Cheddar Cheese Production - States and United States: October 2009 and 2010 --------------------------------------------------------------------------------

: : : : Change from

: October : September : October :---------------------

State : 2009 : 2010 : 2010 : October :September

: : : : 2009 : 2010 --------------------------------------------------------------------------------

: ----------- 1,000 pounds ---------- --- percent ---

: California .....: 29,778 23,703 27,172 -8.8 14.6 Idaho ..........: 47,992 45,473 46,439 -3.2 2.1 Iowa ...........: 10,246 8,593 9,231 -9.9 7.4 Minnesota ......: 42,480 40,026 39,832 -6.2 -0.5 Ohio ...........: 638 Wisconsin ......: 55,528 50,851 52,300 -5.8 2.8

: Other States 1/ : 76,781 89,935 99,172

: United States ..: 263,443 258,581 274,146 4.1 6.0

: Atlantic .......: 11,412 14,178 15,037 31.8 6.1 Central ........: 129,379 122,289 124,876 -3.5 2.1 West ...........: 122,652 122,114 134,233 9.4 9.9 -------------------------------------------------------------------------------- 1/ States not shown when fewer than 3 plants reported or individual plant

operations could be disclosed. Percent change shown only when comparable

States are included in the calculation.

Total Italian Cheese Production - States and United States: October 2009 and 2010 --------------------------------------------------------------------------------

: : : : Change from

: October : September : October :---------------------

State : 2009 : 2010 : 2010 : October :September

: : : : 2009 : 2010 --------------------------------------------------------------------------------

: ----------- 1,000 pounds ---------- --- percent ---

: California .....: 107,845 118,717 116,515 8.0 -1.9 New York .......: 31,339 31,331 31,792 1.4 1.5 Pennsylvania ...: 20,719 20,991 23,110 11.5 10.1 Wisconsin ......: 103,165 105,777 106,025 2.8 0.2

: Other States 1/ : 94,786 89,058 91,562 -3.4 2.8

: United States ..: 357,854 365,874 369,004 3.1 0.9

: Atlantic .......: 59,257 58,901 61,474 3.7 4.4 Central ........: 139,489 138,565 141,446 1.4 2.1 West ...........: 159,108 168,408 166,084 4.4 -1.4 -------------------------------------------------------------------------------- 1/ States not shown when fewer than 3 plants reported or individual plant

operations could be disclosed. Percent change shown only when comparable

States are included in the calculation.

Mozzarella Cheese Production - States and United States: October 2009 and 2010 --------------------------------------------------------------------------------

: : : : Change from

: October : September : October :---------------------

State : 2009 : 2010 : 2010 : October :September

: : : : 2009 : 2010 --------------------------------------------------------------------------------

: ----------- 1,000 pounds ---------- --- percent ---

: California .....: 96,965 108,802 107,504 10.9 -1.2 New York .......: 15,608 15,637 15,677 0.4 0.3 Wisconsin ......: 70,782 74,294 73,200 3.4 -1.5

: Other States 1/ : 94,751 92,290 95,388 0.7 3.4

: United States ..: 278,106 291,023 291,769 4.9 0.3

: Atlantic .......: 37,066 37,273 38,980 5.2 4.6 Central ........: 95,722 97,951 98,561 3.0 0.6 West ...........: 145,318 155,799 154,228 6.1 -1.0 -------------------------------------------------------------------------------- 1/ States not shown when fewer than 3 plants reported or individual plant

operations could be disclosed. Percent change shown only when comparable

States are included in the calculation.

Butter Production - States and United States: October 2009 and 2010 --------------------------------------------------------------------------------

: : : : Change from

: October : September : October :---------------------

State : 2009 : 2010 : 2010 : October :September

: : : : 2009 : 2010 --------------------------------------------------------------------------------

: ----------- 1,000 pounds ---------- --- percent --

: California .....: 41,872 39,457 42,398 1.3 7.5 Pennsylvania ...: 5,649

: Other States 1/ : 65,563 74,333 79,161

: United States ..: 113,084 113,790 121,559 7.5 6.8

: Atlantic .......: 8,857 10,075 10,507 18.6 4.3 Central ........: 42,896 41,852 44,015 2.6 5.2 West ...........: 61,331 61,863 67,037 9.3 8.4 -------------------------------------------------------------------------------- 1/ States not shown when fewer than 3 plants reported or individual plant

operations could be disclosed. Percent change shown only when comparable

States are included in the calculation.

Nonfat Dry Milk (Human) Production - States and United States: October 2009 and 2010 --------------------------------------------------------------------------------

: : : : Change from

: October : September : October :---------------------

State : 2009 : 2010 : 2010 : October :September

: : : : 2009 : 2010 --------------------------------------------------------------------------------

: ----------- 1,000 pounds ---------- --- percent ---

: California .....: 63,174 69,676 69,059 9.3 -0.9

: Other States 1/ : 29,626 39,620 46,227 56.0 16.7

: United States ..: 92,800 109,296 115,286 24.2 5.5

: Atlantic .......: 5,661 9,677 8,437 49.0 -12.8 Central ........: 6,043 5,987 6,645 10.0 11.0 West ...........: 81,096 93,632 100,204 23.6 7.0 -------------------------------------------------------------------------------- 1/ States not shown when fewer than 3 plants reported or individual plant

operations could be disclosed. Percent change shown only when comparable

States are included in the calculation.

Dry Whey (Human) Production - States and United States: October 2009 and 2010 --------------------------------------------------------------------------------

: : : : Change from

: October : September : October :---------------------

State : 2009 : 2010 : 2010 : October :September

: : : : 2009 : 2010 --------------------------------------------------------------------------------

: ---------- 1,000 pounds ---------- ---- percent ---

: New York .......: 10,478 9,179 8,537 -18.5 -7.0 Wisconsin ......: 24,380 24,223 25,100 3.0 3.6

: Other States 1/ : 42,736 42,222 43,163 1.0 2.2

: United States ..: 77,594 75,624 76,800 -1.0 1.6

: Atlantic .......: 19,021 18,177 18,515 -2.7 1.9 Central ........: 38,241 38,063 38,603 0.9 1.4 West ...........: 20,332 19,384 19,682 -3.2 1.5 -------------------------------------------------------------------------------- 1/ States not shown when fewer than 3 plants reported or individual plant

operations could be disclosed. Percent change shown only when comparable

States are included in the calculation.

Ice Cream, Regular (Hard) Production - States and United States: October 2009 and 2010 ------------------------------------------------------------------------------------

: : : : Change from

: October : September : October :---------------------

State : 2009 : 2010 : 2010 : October :September

: : : : 2009 : 2010 ------------------------------------------------------------------------------------

: ---------- 1,000 gallons --------- ---- percent ---

: California .........: 12,449 13,084 9,249 -25.7 -29.3 Indiana ............: 7,017 7,618 6,578 -6.3 -13.7 Massachusetts ......: 3,082 2,687 2,297 -25.5 -14.5 Missouri ...........: 2,263 2,270 2,335 3.2 2.9 New York ...........: 2,754 North Carolina .....: 1,002 986 981 -2.1 -0.5 Ohio ...............: 1,771 1,906 1,623 -8.4 -14.8 Oregon .............: 1,005 1,388 1,091 8.6 -21.4 Pennsylvania .......: 2,847 2,835 2,882 1.2 1.7 Tennessee ..........: 937 Texas ..............: 3,393 3,937 3,319 -2.2 -15.7 Utah ...............: 1,645 2,014 1,555 -5.5 -22.8 Wisconsin ..........: 848 1,110 897 5.8 -19.2

: Other States 1/ ....: 27,589 34,254 28,457

: United States ......: 68,602 74,089 61,264 -10.7 -17.3

: North Atlantic .....: 11,043 South Atlantic .....: 4,589 Atlantic ...........: 15,090 14,011 East North Central .: 14,242 West North Central .: 12,176 South Central ......: 8,151 Central ............: 39,639 32,138 West ...............: 18,401 19,360 15,115 -17.9 -21.9 ------------------------------------------------------------------------------------ 1/ States not shown when fewer than 3 plants reported or individual plant

operations could be disclosed. Percent change shown only when comparable States

are included in the calculation.

Statistical Methodology: Dairy Products

Data Collection Period: Dairy products estimates are based upon survey data collected after the close of each month. Production data are provided by the firms producing dairy products.

Sampling frames and sample size: In 2009, there were 1,178 manufacturers that produced one or more dairy products. In states with small numbers of plants, reports are received from all plants each month. In states with large numbers of plants, survey procedures are designed to obtain monthly reports from all large plants and from a sample of small plants. In some states, the State Departments of Agriculture assist in collection of data, which eliminates duplicate reporting and reduces respondent burden.

Modes of data collection: Data are collected by mail, personal and telephone interviews, facsimile, and via electronic mail.

Terms and definitions: Firms complete the questionnaire using standard industry definitions and through the aid of instructions and definitions provided on the questionnaire.

Reliability: Data for the Dairy Products report are collected by a Census of all known manufacturers of dairy products in the United States. Firms producing a large quantities of dairy products, along with a sample of smaller firms, are contacted monthly to collect previous month production data. Those small firms not contacted monthly are contacted after the close of the year to obtain previous year production. Production of products at small firms not contacted monthly are estimated during the monthly survey based upon check data, and state and national trends. Small firms are defined as those that do not make up a significant portion of the published total. Plants storing nonfat dry milk and dry whey are required under Federal law to complete the Dairy Products report. Plants storing these items are contacted monthly. Additionally, many state governments have mandated that dairy plants in their state complete the Dairy Products report each month. Because the Dairy Products survey is a census, sampling error should not affect the final estimates, however non-sampling errors are possible.

Estimating Procedures: In the field office (FO), data reported by firms are reviewed for reasonableness and consistency by comparing with data reported in prior months and by data reported by other firms in the State. Each field office summarizes data at the State level. State estimates are submitted to the Agricultural Statistics Board (ASB) along with supporting comments where they are compared with surrounding states, their region, and national trends. During both FO and ASB review, plants are sometimes contacted again for further verification of numbers reported. After ASB review, FO data are summarized into a National level summary.

Revision Policy: Monthly estimates are subject to revision the month following the preliminary estimates. Annual estimates are published in late April in the “Dairy Products Yearly Summary” report which includes any revisions made to previous 2 years of estimates. Revisions are generally due to plant data that are received too late to be included in the current report.

To contact the reporter on this story: Terry Barrett in Washington at tbarrett1@bloomberg.net

To contact the editor responsible for this story: Alex Tanzi at atanzi@bloomberg.net

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