Volvo Cars and Saab Automobile AB, struggling to revive slumping U.S. sales, need distinctive design and the right price tags to compete as luxury brands against Bayerische Motoren Werke AG and Daimler AG.
“It will be very difficult for them to move up,” said Brian Johnson, an automotive analyst at Barclays Capital in Chicago. They need to “get something that’s uniquely Scandinavian in design, as opposed to being ‘me-too’ German.”
Moving into the luxury segment in the U.S. is essential to restoring profitability at Saab and Volvo after years of losses under General Motors Co. and Ford Motor Co. The U.S. is Volvo’s largest market and was Saab’s biggest until last year.
Volvo’s eight-month U.S. deliveries dropped 12 percent because offerings such as the S40 sedan failed to attract buyers, while Saab’s plunged 86 percent as consumers waited for the new 9-5, the carmaker’s first new model in eight years. BMW and Daimler’s Mercedes-Benz both posted gains.
As the Swedish carmakers plan new models, which take years to build, they’re counting on their offerings at the Paris auto show opening next week to help bring back some of the buzz.
Volvo will premiere its new V60 station wagon, while Saab will showcase a prototype of its first electric car. A test fleet of the Saab 9-3 ePower, an all-electric version of the 9-3 SportCombi, will begin user trials in Sweden next year.
The automakers will need to lure back customers who fled in the last year as GM and Ford sought to offload them. Ford sold Volvo to Zhejiang Geely Holding Group Co. last month for $1.5 billion, while Spyker Cars NV purchased Saab from GM in February for $74 million in cash and $326 million in shares.
Saab’s U.S. sales, which peaked at 48,000 cars in 2003, dropped to 8,500 last year. Volvo’s U.S. deliveries declined 16 percent to 61,435 in 2009. BMW sold 196,502 cars in the U.S. last year, while Mercedes-Benz delivered 190,604. Toyota Motor Corp.’s Lexus is the luxury leader in the U.S., the world’s second-largest car market after China.
The fight back will be toughest for Saab, which was on the brink of collapse before Spyker stepped in. While Volvo is now backed by a Chinese company with money to invest, Spyker has never turned a profit and is smaller than Saab, which is surviving on loans from the European Union’s investment bank.
Saab’s 9-5, released in the U.S. last month, competes with Audi AG’s A6, BMW’s 5-Series and Mercedes-Benz’s E-Class. The release follows the full restart of Saab’s factory in Troll- hattan after a seven-week shutdown earlier this year under GM.
“It takes some time to recover from that damage, to marshal your forces, rebuild your sales teams and get ready to sell,” said Mike Colleran, Saab’s North American chief. “Our business plan is to restore the U.S. to its former place as Saab’s number one market.”
Saab is pricing the 9-5 in the U.S. in the luxury segment, with the Aero version of the car starting at $47,565, according to the manufacturer’s website. The BMW 5-Series begins at $44,550 and Audi’s A6 at $45,200. The strategy will be difficult to implement, said analyst Michelle Krebs.
“Saab priced the 9-5 very aggressively,” said Krebs, a senior analyst at Santa Monica, California-based Edmunds.com. “They priced it right on top of BMW and for a brand that’s trying to come back, they didn’t earn that spot yet.”
Volvo Cars Chief Executive Officer Stefan Jacoby, who took over this month after leading Volkswagen AG’s U.S. operations, says he intends to bring the automaker into the “top league of the premium manufacturers.” To do that, Volvo will no longer be able to rely alone on its reputation for safety.
“That intangible has lower and lower value each day,” said Michael Robinet, an IHS Automotive analyst in Northville, Michigan, explaining that nowadays most cars sold in the U.S. win the government’s top safety ranking.
Both brands need better design to succeed in the U.S., said Jim Hall, principal of 2953 Analytics Inc. in Birmingham, Michigan. The Swedish carmakers in recent years crafted cars that were too bland or confused buyers, he said.
“Volvo’s XC60 SUV, to me, is sort of a mess,” Hall said. “Drive behind one in traffic and there’s a lot going on.”
Volvo’s new S60, a retooled version of the mid-sized sedan that first came out in 2000, will start selling in the U.S. at the end of the year, said Gerry Keaney, Volvo’s sales and marketing chief. The car, which comes with an optional system to automatically stop the vehicle at low speeds if someone walks in front of it, starts at $37,700.
It should be able to overtake the XC60 as Gothenburg-based Volvo’s best-selling U.S. model, Keaney said.
“Rather than just a traditional big TV campaign we are taking the car on the road around the country, demonstrating it and letting customers and dealers experience the car,” Keaney said. “We have a better car range going forward that’s more suitable to North America.”
The first challenge will be letting American consumers know the carmakers survived.
“A lot of our customers still think there is nothing going on,” said John Carter, a Saab dealer in West Chester, Pennsylvania. “We’re reaching out to them and showing them we’re here and mean business.”
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