Wheat climbed after Russia, the third-largest grower last year, extended a ban on exports into next year after a drought destroyed crops, tightening global supplies. The United Nations’ Food and Agriculture Organization called a special meeting to address the global grains situation.
The December-delivery contract gained as much as 1.4 percent to $7.2375 a bushel in Chicago, after surging as much as 2 percent yesterday when Prime Minister Vladimir Putin announced the extension. Russia accounted for 14 percent of the global exports of wheat, flour and related products in the year to June 30, according to the U.S. Department of Agriculture.
Russia’s longer ban may contribute to higher global prices, raising concern there may be a rerun of the 2008 food crisis, when grains reached records and riots broke out in poorer states. In Mozambique, at least seven people died this week in clashes between protesters and police after the government boosted bread and electricity prices. World food prices rose last month to the highest level since September 2008, the FAO has said.
“In the past few weeks, global cereal markets experienced a sudden surge in international wheat prices on concerns over wheat shortages,” the FAO said in a website statement, announcing the meeting for Sept. 24 in Rome. The gathering would allow importers and exporters to meet, it said.
Russia will extend the ban on grain and flour exports at least until next year’s crop is harvested, Prime Minister Putin said yesterday. The initial ban, announced on Aug. 5, was implemented from Aug. 15 and had been set to lapse on Dec. 31. Its announcement drove wheat futures to $8.68 a bushel the next day, the highest price in 23 months.
The December contract on the Chicago Board of Trade was at $7.23 a bushel at 3:19 p.m. in Singapore, level with yesterday’s high and taking the weekly gain to about 4 percent. Wheat, which peaked at $13.495 a bushel in February 2008, has jumped 51 percent in the past year.
“We can only review lifting the ban on grain exports after the next year’s crop is harvested and we have clarity on the balances,” Putin said in a government meeting in Moscow yesterday. Extending the export restrictions will add “predictability” to the market, Putin said.
World wheat production will fall 5.1 percent to 646 million metric tons this year on the Russian drought, from 681 million tons in 2009, the Rome-based FAO said Sept. 1 as the agency also reduced the outlook for overall grains production. “Wheat markets remain tight but supplies are adequate,” the FAO said.
Global wheat stockpiles remain higher than during the 2008 surge in prices, according to FAO estimates. Worldwide inventories at the end of the 2010-2011 marketing year may total 181 million tons, equivalent to 27.2 percent of demand, compared with 144 million tons, or 22.3 percent, at the end of 2007-2008.
Residents of Maputo, Mozambique’s capital, continued a strike yesterday for a second day over higher food and utility prices. Protests began after the government announced plans to raise water and electricity rates by 30 percent from Sept. 1, and the price of bread by 25 percent on Sept. 6.
Russia’s government has forecast that this year’s harvest may be slashed by as much as 38 percent as the worst drought in at least half a century parched crops. The nation’s harvests are typically completed in November.
“The probability is getting much higher” that Russia’s next wheat crop may remain below average, keeping the nation out of the export market longer than expected, Tetsu Emori, a commodity fund manager at Astmax Co., said by phone from Tokyo today. “They need a good amount of rainfall” to replenish soil moisture to be able to sow the next crop, Emori said.
Franciscus Welirang, chairman of the Flour Mills Association in Indonesia, said last month there may be another food crisis if the surge in wheat sparked by Russia’s export ban drove other staples higher. Indonesia is Asia’s largest buyer of the grain. “It’s the end of cheap wheat,” Welirang said Aug. 6.
December-delivery corn was little changed at $4.48 a bushel at 3:18 p.m. in Singapore. Soybeans for November delivery advanced 1 percent to $10.1925 a bushel.