United Overseas Bank's Profit Rises as Bad-Loan Costs Decline in Singapore

United Overseas Bank Ltd., Singapore’s second-largest lender by market value, reported a 28 percent increase in quarterly profit as declining bad-loan charges offset a slump in client trading and share sales.

Net income jumped to S$602 million ($444.7 million) in the three months ended June 30 from S$470 million a year earlier as non-interest income plunged 31 percent, the Singapore-based company said in a statement today.

Swings in stock and bond markets, and signs of economic headwinds in the U.S., Europe and China have deterred clients from trading and making share sales, trimming earnings’ gains. Singapore’s three-month interbank lending rate, or Sibor, has averaged 0.6 percent this year, hampering net interest margins.

“The numbers demonstrate the revenue challenges for the bank,” said Sanjay Jain, a Singapore-based analyst at Credit Suisse Group AG. “I’m hoping the margin decline will not be severe in the second half.”

United Overseas fell 1.1 percent to S$19.30 at the close of trade in Singapore. The shares have dropped 2 percent this year, compared with a 3 percent increase in the benchmark Straits Times Index.

Profit matched the S$602.6 million average second-quarter estimate of eight analysts surveyed by Bloomberg.

Bad-Loan Costs

Second-quarter bad-loan costs fell 88.9 percent to S$52 million from a year ago, mainly because of lower collective and individual impairment on loans.

Non-interest income fell to S$382 million in the period from S$551 million a year ago, as trading and investment income tumbled 95 percent to S$12 million, United Overseas said.

Net interest income, or the difference between what the bank makes from lending and what it pays on deposits, fell 2.6 percent to S$884 million in the quarter mainly from lower interest margin. The net interest margin, a measure of loan profitability, narrowed to 2.14 percent from 2.35 percent a year earlier, it said.

Rival Oversea-Chinese Banking Corp.’s second-quarter profit missed analysts’ estimates, as its trading earnings also slumped and its lending margins narrowed. DBS Group Holdings Ltd., Southeast Asia’s biggest lender, last month reported an unexpected second-quarter loss of S$300 million as it booked a one-time goodwill impairment charge at its Hong Kong unit because of pressure on interest margins.

Regional Markets

United Overseas’ fees and commission income, including credit card and fund management fees, grew 27 percent to S$285 million as economic conditions improved and net loans grew 6.1 percent to S$103.8 billion from a year earlier as the bank lent more to home buyers and the general commerce sector.

The Singapore government expects the Southeast Asian island’s economy to expand 13 percent to 15 percent in 2010. Growth accelerated to 18.1 percent in the first half, the fastest pace since records began in 1975.

United Overseas is growing key regional markets such as Malaysia, Indonesia and Thailand, and has reduced loans in western countries, it said in a briefing today. The company also said it plans to keep its scrip-dividend plan for the time being.

The lender will focus on growth in the region outside Singapore, Chief Executive Officer Wee Ee Cheong said in a briefing in Singapore today. The company is looking at organic growth, Chief Financial Officer Lee Wai Fai said.

To contact the reporter on this story: Joyce Koh in Singapore at jkoh38@bloomberg.net

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