Argentina's `Scorching' Growth Helps GDP Warrants Trump Bonds on 28% Surge

Argentine securities linked to gross domestic product are outperforming the country’s bonds by the most in five months as surging commodity exports propel the fastest economic expansion in Latin America.

The warrants, which pay holders when growth exceeds government projections, gained 26 percent in the past month through yesterday, compared with an 11 percent advance for bonds, according to JPMorgan Chase & Co. The outperformance is the biggest since the month ending March 9.

South America’s second-biggest economy is “scorching” and may grow 9.7 percent this year, the most since 1992, as grain output jumps and car exports to Brazil soar, Morgan Stanley economist Daniel Volberg said yesterday. The New York-based bank boosted its forecast from 4.6 percent, following upward revisions by JPMorgan, Royal Bank of Canada and Goldman Sachs Group Inc. in the past month.

“It’s a perfect storm for Argentina,” said Edwin Gutierrez, who manages about $5 billion of emerging-market debt, including Argentine warrants, at Aberdeen Asset Management Plc in London. “They’ve had a bumper crop, so agriculture is doing well, Brazil is booming so manufacturing is doing well and fiscal spending is adding a lot of liquidity to this economy.”

The warrants, which are triggered when growth is above 3 percent and the inflation-adjusted value of the country’s GDP surpasses a base-case scenario laid out in the contracts, fell 0.3 cent to 10.3 cents at 5:30 p.m. New York time.

‘On Fire’

The warrants, which mature in 2035, will pay about 5.35 cents in December 2011 if the economy grows by the 9.7 percent forecast by Morgan Stanley, said Alberto Bernal, head of fixed- income research at Bulltick Capital Markets, a Miami-based brokerage that focuses on Latin America.

“They’re on fire,” Bernal said.

He predicts Argentina’s economy will grow by 7.5 percent this year, delivering a 4.8 cents payment next year. Holders of the warrants will receive no payment this year because the economy expanded 0.9 percent in 2009 amid a global recession that crimped demand for soybean, wheat and corn exports.

A record 55-million metric ton soybean harvest and a 25 percent increase in auto exports in July from a year earlier prompted Economy Minister Amado Boudou to raise his 2010 growth forecast last week to 7 percent from about 6 percent.

JPMorgan lifted its estimate to 8.5 percent from 6 percent, while RBC raised its forecast to 6.5 percent from 5 percent. Goldman Sachs increased its growth forecast to 8 percent from 5.3 percent.

Bond Yields

The yield on Argentine dollar bonds due in 2017 fell 18 basis points to 9.64 percent, their lowest level since they were issued to creditors as part of a $12.9 billion defaulted debt swap in June.

Boudou postponed plans to sell as much as $1 billion worth of the 2017 bonds during the debt swap, saying the country wouldn’t accept a yield of 10 percent or above. The government is now waiting for yields to fall below 9 percent, newspaper Ambito Financiero reported yesterday, citing Boudou.

An Economy Ministry spokesman didn’t return a message seeking comment.

Highway toll operator Autopistas del Sol SA said that creditors holding about $291 million, or 95 percent, of its outstanding debt took part in a restructuring. Details about the bonds to be issued in exchange for the defaulted debt will be announced “soon,” the company said yesterday in a statement to Argentina’s securities regulator.

Yield Spread

Five-year credit-default swaps tied to Argentine debt rose six basis points to 782. A basis point equals $1,000 annually on a contract protecting $10 million of debt. Credit-default swaps pay the buyer face value in exchange for the underlying securities or the cash equivalent should a government or company fail to adhere to its debt agreements.

The extra yield investors demand to own Argentine government bonds instead of U.S. Treasuries narrowed 25 basis points to 628, according to JPMorgan. The spread is the highest among emerging-market countries after Venezuela and Ecuador. The peso was little changed at 3.9325 per dollar.

The government made a warrant payment of 3.11 cents on Dec. 15 after the economy grew 6.8 percent in 2008. Argentina attached the warrants to bonds it gave creditors in a 2005 restructuring of $95 billion of defaulted debt. Fernandez issued more of the securities in the June debt swap to creditors who rejected the 2005 settlement.

Morgan Stanley predicts Argentina’s economy will grow 5.9 percent next year as agricultural production expands by less than 1 percent, demand from Brazil slows and quickening inflation limits domestic consumer spending.

“GDP warrants are the definition of a ‘high-beta’ trade,” Bulltick’s Bernal said. “If things are good globally, they will outperform everything. If things get complicated, the warrants are going to get killed.”

To contact the reporter on this story: Drew Benson in Buenos Aires at abenson9@bloomberg.net; Boris Korby in New York at Bkorby1@bloomberg.net

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